• Deep and disturbed: conditions for formation and eruption of a mingled rhyolite at Ascension Island, south Atlantic

      Chamberlain, Katy J.; Barclay, Jenni; Preece, Katie; Brown, Richard J.; McIntosh, Iona; EIMF; University of Derby; University of East Anglia; Swansea University; Durham University; et al. (Presses universitaires de Strasbourg, 2020-05-05)
      The generation of felsic melts (through open or closed system processes) within ocean island volcanoes has been a key area of study since their identification. At Ascension Island in the south Atlantic, explosively erupted felsic melts have, to date, demonstrated a marked absence of signs of magma mixing and crustal assimilation. Here we present the first observations of a fall deposit from Ascension Island recording both macro- and micro-scale evidence for magma mingling. Geochemical analyses of mineral and glass phases, coupled with volatile concentrations of melt inclusions highlight the role of lower-crustal partial melting to produce rhyolitic magmas. Glass textures and the lack of zoning in major mineral phases indicate that mingling with a mafic melt occurred shortly prior to eruption. These inferences of a deep rhyolite production zone, coupled with rapid ascent rates highlight the challenges in forecasting a similar style of eruption at Ascension Island in the future.