• Analysing the risks of adopting circular economy initiatives in manufacturing supply chains

      Ethirajan, Manavalan; Arasu M, Thanigai; Kandasamy, Jayakrishna; K.E.K, Vimal; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Kumar, Anil; VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India; National Institute of Technology, Patna, Bihar, India; University of Derby; London Metropolitan University (Wiley, 2020-08-25)
      The concept of circular economy (CE) has proven its worth due to the scarcity of natural resources and huge amounts of wastage which impacts the environment. Thus, the adoption of the CE concept in the supply chain becomes critical. However, due to the complex nature of processes/activities in the circular supply chain (CSC), managing risk has become a priority to avoid disruption. In current literature, no discussion has been conducted on how to analyse the risks in the context of CSC. Therefore, to fill this literature gap, this study concentrates on identifying and analysing the risks to promote effective circular initiatives in supply chains in the context of the manufacturing industry, thus minimising the negative environmental impact. A total of 31 risks were identified through an extensive literature review and discussions with experts. A grey‐based decision‐making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method is applied by incorporating the experts' knowledge to compute prominence and cause/effect scores to develop an interrelationship map. Finally, a vulnerability matrix for risk categories is developed using the average of prominence and cause/effect scores of risks. The results show that transparent process is the most prominent risk and branding is the least significant risk. By using the average prominence and cause/effect score, a risk category, namely, financial risk, is identified as most vulnerable to CSC. These findings will help industry managers not only to prepare business strategies in the adoption of CE initiatives in supply chains by eliminating risks but also in minimising negative environmental impact.
    • Can local finance add value to local small business? Evidence from a UK local loan and grant fund

      Cowling, Marc; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Foster, Carley; Baranova, Polina; University of Derby (Senate Hall Academic Publishing, 2020-05)
      Access to finance is a key constraint on the creation, survival, and growth of SMEs, and this issue has prompted governments to directly intervene in financial markets, but has also led to the development of new forms of financial intermediation and new players in the market encouraged by a desire to increase competition in the market. Today these new forms of financing and new players in the market are in part complementary to more established sources, but also potential substitutes particularly for those businesses that are most constrained. In this paper we use new data from a survey of local small businesses to assess whether access to a local loan and grant fund has added value to supported businesses. Our findings suggest that there are tangible benefits associated with local finance provision that are likely to generate a positive local economic multiplier that extends beyond the funding period.
    • Entrepreneurial firms: With whom do they compete, and where?

      Cowling, Marc; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby (Springer, 2020-08-04)
      Many different theories that have attempted to explain why smaller entrepreneurial firms exist. Surprisingly, very little empirical work has tested the obvious questions, such as: Are small firm’s price-takers in highly competitive markets? Who do they compete against? What if they try to raise prices? Does innovation offer niche market protection? Using a large UK data set our key findings are that less than 5% of entrepreneurial firms operate in markets where they effectively have no competition and a quarter of all small firms would lose at least a third of their sales if they raised prices by 10%.
    • LDBG loan and grant funding recipients

      Cowling, Marc; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2019-12-11)
    • Quality improvement projects in catheterization laboratories: a systematic literature review

      Martinez, Cecilia Rodriguez; Gonzalez Aleu, Fernando; Granda, Edgar M.A.; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby (IEOM Society, 2020-03-10)
      A catheterization laboratory (Cath lab) is a place that has high-tech equipment that mainly allows the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, which represents 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. (WHO, 2019) In an attempt to minimize process inefficiencies in Cath Lab, these organizations have been using quality improvement projects such as Six Sigma, Lean Six Sigma, Kaizen events (rapid improvement events), general quality improvement projects (plan-do-check-act) and others. However, there is a lack of publications synthesizing the literature available in this research field (quality improvement project). Therefore, this paper aim is to assess the published literature relating quality improvement projects in Cath labs in three dimensions: publication characteristics, author characteristics, and content characteristics. To achieve the purpose of this research, a systematic literature review (SLR) will be conducted to obtain the most relevant papers from three platforms: EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and Scopus.
    • Sustainability adoption through sustainable human resource management: a systematic literature review and conceptual framework

      Kumar, Anil; Bhaskar, Preeti; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Tyagi, Mrinal; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; London Metropolitan University; Ibra College of Technology, Oman; University of Derby (IJMEMS, 2020-09)
      Sustainability is a key aspiration of most businesses as they face pressure from regulatory authorities as well as consumer demand for sustainable products. Sustainability discussion often revolves around the areas of raw materials, product and process design and innovation. However, the role of human resources is least discussed in this regard. This research utilises a systematic literature review approach to explores the concept of Sustainable Human Resource Management (SHRM) and identifies the indicators, drivers, barriers, and benefits of SHRM adoption. Based on the findings, an integrated conceptual framework that can be utilised by organisations for developing a long-lasting sustainability adoption through SHRM is proposed.