• Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version

      Henje, Eva; Rindestig, Frida Carlberg; Gilbert, Paul; Dennhag, Inga; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Clinical Sciences, Umea University, Sweden; University of Derby (Exeley, Inc., 2020-07-18)
      There is increasing evidence that compassion is linked to mental health and well-being while difficulties in receiving and expressing compassion to self and others is associated with mental health and social difficulties. For the most part the self-report scales that measure these processes have been developed for adults and little is known how they function in adolescents. This study investigates a Swedish adaption for adolescents of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales (CEAS), developed by Gilbert et al. (2017) for adults. This assesses different competencies associated with being compassionate to others, the experience receiving compassion from others, and being compassionate with one-self. To evaluate the psychometric properties and gender differences of CEAS for Youths - Swedish version (CEASYSE), in a school-sample of adolescents (n = 316) aged 15-20 years. The Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales were translated into Swedish. A back-translation method was used. It was then adapted for adolescents with age-appropriate language. Adolescents were recruited by research assistants at two public high schools. After removing one item of each subscale, the dimensionalities of the three scales were good. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that engagement and action constituted different dimensions in each scale. Internal consistency was good to excellent in all three sub-scales (α from 0.74 to 0.92). Intra Class Correlations demonstrated good to excellent test-retest reliability over a period of three weeks (0.67 to 0.85). Convergent and divergent validity were as expected, except for Compassion for others, which did not correlate with anxiety and depression symptoms as expected. Girls showed less selfcompassion compared to boys and more compassion for others. Present study suggests that CEASY-SE has good to excellent psychometric properties and further study is needed for more definite establishment of the psychometric properties. Girls and boys have different patterns of compassion.