• Diagnostic radiographers working in the operating theatre: An action research project

      Naylor, Sarah; Foulkes, Denise; Sheffield Hallam University (Elsevier BV, 2017-10-07)
      Failures in interprofessional communication are well-documented and are an established cause of medical error and negative health outcomes. Socio-historical issues like imbalances in power and status are particularly prevalent in the operating theatre environment, adding complications to interprofessional working. Simulation, used in healthcare education, may impact positively on interprofessional working. The aim of this action research study was to develop, pilot and run a simulation experience for Diagnostic Radiography (DRAD) students. Action research was used to structure this study. The first phase of the action research was to look at the problem; this was undertaken using critical incident technique. Findings from the critical incident technique influenced the simulation event. A focus group was held immediately after the event for reflection. A second simulation using a cohort of 48 students and a reflection after a period of three months formed the second round of the project. The simulation took place in a hi-fidelity simulated operating theatre. Thematic content analysis was undertaken of the focus group, data from the critical incident technique, and the reflections. The findings are discussed under the themes; identification, clarity, preparation, and the expert. Identification and lack of clarity in communication were seen as an important issue in the operating theatre. Lack of preparation of the working environment was also highlighted. Lack of confidence in the operating theatre inhibits interprofessional working. Simulation can help prepare students for working in the operating theatre. Realism is important as is scheduling the event to ensure maximum benefit.
    • Evaluating interprofessional simulation in the operating theatre

      Naylor, Sarah; Foulkes, Denise; Sheffield Hallam University (2017-06)
      The operating theatre is an area of practice that newly qualified Diagnostic Radiographers find challenging. Interprofessional education (IPE) and simulation are becoming widely used in healthcare education in order to prepare students for practice. Failures in interprofessional communication are well-documented with poor communication an established cause of medical error and negative health outcomes. Socio-historical issues like imbalances in power and status are particularly prevalent in the operating theatre environment, and add complications to interprofessional working. As part of an action research study to develop and pilot an interprofessional simulation experience for Operating Department Practitioner (ODP) and Diagnostic Radiography (DRAD) students. Diagnostic Radiography students took part in a simulation in the mock operating theatre on the university campus with an ODP student, ODP and Diagnostic Radiography lecturers. A purposive convenience sample of 48 second year Diagnostic Radiography students participated in the simulation. Following the simulation students were asked to evaluate the session using Padlet and later reflect on the impact of the experience on practice. The simulation was a positive experience. The timing and organisation of the simulation is important for the students to get the most out of the experience. There are benefits of being immersed in a high fidelity simulation and the realism plays a role in preparing students for real life experiences.