• 3D sustainable renewable micro power station for smart grid industrial applications

      Komlanvi, Moglo; Shafik, Mahmoud; Ashu, Mfortaw Elvis; University of Derby (2015)
      The supply of clean energy and its security is becoming a global issue for all countries across the world, due to the limitations of fossil fuels resources usages for energy generations, the relative high dependency on imported fuels, their ever climbing prices and its environmental impacts. Power supply must increase as rapidly as demand to ensure sustained growth. This is the rationale upon which Governments, international organizations, researchers are accelerating investments in expanding the power system, its generation and transmission. This paper presents the preliminary research undertaken to design and develop a 3Dimentional (3D) sustainable renewable micro power station model for smart grid industrial applications. It introduces a solution to challenges in the energy generation sector which do not only refrain only to the safe supply of clean Energy. A major importance for the theoretical study of hybrid systems, based on renewable energy (photovoltaic, wind, hydro system) is the availability of the models that can be utilized to study the behavior of hybrid systems and most important, computer aided design simulation tools. As the available tools are quite limited, this paper would present the most current and up to date model which can be used for the simulation purposes of the 3D sustainable renewable micro power station for smart grid applications as well as for educational purposes.
    • Editorial note: Innovation is the only pathway for manufacturer, visionary and scholars, to improve the quality of human beings daily life

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2014-06)
      Innovation is the only pathway for manufacturer, visionary and scholars, to improve the quality of human beings daily life. This is where robotics and mechatronics engineering has been adopted since 1984, as one of the most pioneering solutions to many of our industrial challenges. The distinction about such resolution is its flexibility to meet the well-known innovation platforms, i.e. empowering, sustainable and efficient innovation. It’s the creatively of applied research to implement some superintendent roles rather than creation ones. Industrial market has become very challenging to secure businesses, maintain products development, and sustain its growth, since it is not any more about knowledge and existing know-how. It is nowadays about what industrialist can embed into their evolving products using cutting edge emerging technology and how they manufacture it. This is where the International Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics (IJRM) will play a vital role, through the exchange of the innovative ongoing research and development in this area of intelligence and automation across the world.
    • Editorial note: Robotics and industrial automation technology

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2015-06-15)
      There is no doubt that robotics and industrial automation technology is evolving quiet fast. However, the end user expectation of the technology realisation is still far from what expected. This is due to the limited development of intelligence, typical human brain cells, 3-Dimensional (3D) visual, audible and dynamic movement systems that have the same abilities and self-learning as human, to help in decision making in various environment. There are number of applied research programmes underdevelopment around the world that addresses some of these aforementioned developments. Vision is one of the most important sense and the future robot/autonomous systems proficiency will significantly depend on the ability to see, recognise, distinguish objects and estimate distances. Most jobs depend on the talent of visual perception and it must acknowledge that today's manufacture technologies and applications more and more often broaden well beyond the limits of human visual capacities. This is where robot and autonomous machine vision technology comes in. It is one of the constantly growing areas of applied research that dealing with processing and analysing of visual digital data capture. It plays a key role in the development of intellectual systems and empowers decision making for some of the future robot, autonomous systems, industrial process and manufacturing.
    • Editorial note: The key elements of the future smart cities

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2016-12)
      One of the key elements of the future smart cities is automation and utilisation of robotic system technology. It is believed that not in the far future that home automation, healthcare, telecare, digitised technology and assisted living technology will make a real impact in our quality of life, especially for older adults with long term condition. Older adults to live independently and have a good quality of life is quite a challenge, since the majorly of them have long term health condition diseases. Health services providers across EU and overall the world, informal and formal carer plays major roles in providing the necessary services and support. Diseases on older adults society are one of the leading causes of death, from which thousands of people die every year. Many of the non-communicable diseases can be prevented by tackling associated risk factors. The cost of treatment of such diseases in the EU only is estimated to be over 70% of the Health Service budget. Treatment includes home-care, medication, consultation and many other relevant services. However, these services are still not adequate, due to the lack of implemented automation and robotic systems technology that enable the older adults to manage their daily life activities independently, taking medications, receive the necessary health services on time, which, in many cases leads to loss of lives and waste of NHS resources. Daily life activities management and telehealth remote monitoring system is one of the potential innovative approaches, to improve the older adult’s quality of life, help live independently, improve NHS services, sustain its economic growth and improve social development. It is a rapidly developing concept where daily life activities, health condition, medical information is transferred through interactive data, and audio visual media and shared between services provider, informal and formal carer. In this 4th issue and 2nd issues the journal a selection of some of these technological challenges facing the automation industry are presented and some of the inventive researcher pioneering solutions and findings are introduced.
    • Editorial note: why we fail to ignite and sustain innovation in the majority of our business organisations?

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2014-12)
      It is the big question that every small to medium and large enterprise industrialist face every day, why we fail to ignite and sustain innovation in the majority of our business organisations? It is indeed the fact that culture of innovation it does not happen by accident. It must be created, adopted and rewarded. Changing the way our organisations do business requires imagination and creativity. An innovative organisation is run by, employees who can see all new opportunities, risks, technological challenges and are willing to accept and respond to every challenges in a professional conduct. The International Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics is the gate and online access data base for these organisations, to share, exchange knowledge and finding the possible innovative solutions for these challenges.
    • Innovation in micro actuators and Big Data technology transform visually impaired daily life activities and Improve their access to information technology resources

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2014-12)
      It is indeed very alarming when we learn that every five seconds one person in the world goes blind. 285 million people are visually impaired worldwide. 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision, 90% of the world's visually impaired live in developing countries. This blind and visually impaired community Tactile and Braille is the most efficient possible way to read, write and interact with latest information technology resources. There are many outstanding efforts have been done on previous decades to improve this community quality of life. This paper presents the current state of the art of the current micro actuators technology and its latest development for visually impaired information technology access application. It is also presents innovative tactile graphical display using electro rheological fluid micro actuators for the visually impaired people information technology (IT) access application. The display consists of 124x4 dots. Each dot is a micro electro rheological fluid actuator. The micro-actuator is designed based on linear vertical movement principles. An advanced software tools and embedded system based on voltage matrix manipulation are developed, to provide the graphical display near real time control. The actuator design and development process and software control tools is presented in this paper. Prototype size 124x4 dots, on a matrix form, of 2.54mm pitch, was manufactured. The experimental tests carried out into the prototype showed a close agreement with the standard criteria of Tactile Braille applications. The stroke and dynamic time response test showed the practicability of the developed graphical tactile display, for visually impaired IT access applications.
    • An intelligent medical care solution for elderly people with long term health condition based on wireless sensors network technology

      Elsaadi, Riyad; Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2015-12-26)
      Older Adults are facing serious difficulties, on a regular basis, to manage their own daily life activities. To live independently and have a good quality of life is quite a challenge, since the majorly of them have long term health condition diseases. Health services providers across EU, informal and formal carer plays major roles in providing the necessary services and support. Diseases on this society are one of the leading causes of death, from which thousands of people die every year. Many of the non-communicable diseases can be prevented by tackling associated risk factors. The cost of treatment of such diseases in the EU is estimated to be over 70% of the Health Service budget. Treatment includes home-care, medication, consultation and many other relevant services. However, these services are still not adequate, due to the lack of implemented technology that enable the older adults to manage their daily life activities independently, taking medications, receive the necessary health services on time, which, in many cases leads to loss of lives and waste of NHS resources. Daily life activities management and telehealth remote monitoring system is one of the potential innovative approaches, to improve the older adult’s quality of life, help live independently, improve NHS services, sustain its economic growth and improve social development. It is a rapidly developing concept where daily life activities, health condition, medical information is transferred through interactive data, and audiovisual media and shared between services provider, informal and formal carer. This paper presents the initial outcomes of the ongoing research program that is planned to develop an Integrated Assisted Living Technology (ALT) multi-functional case driven wireless ad-hoc management system of the daily life activities of older adults using smart sensors and actuators, 3d-video, audio, radio frequency identification and wireless technology, combined with secure cloud and semantic data engineering.
    • Micro-hydro generator using eco-wheel system for domestic and industrial building applications

      Komlanvi, Moglo; Shafik, Mahmoud; Ashu, Mfortaw, Elvis; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2014-12)
      The paper presents the preliminary part of ongoing research to design and develop a 3D sustainable renewable power station model that is feasible, competent and of high efficiency at an affordable cost. The paper is focused on the optimization of a 1D micro hydropower system. The constant supply of green power is made possible through a combination of power plants using renewable energies resources. Studies reveal that water wheels are not as efficient as turbines but could offer efficiency in excess of 80% for overshoot & undershoot water wheels, with 75% for breastshot water wheels. The technical issues that limit the water wheel efficiency have been studied and a new design is presented in this paper. The simulation to the new design is hereby presented with some experimental measurements of the efficiency and power that can be delivered with this new design.
    • Piezoelectric ultrasonic servo control feed drive renovate electro-discharge machining system industrial applications and transfer the technology into a new era

      Shafik, Mahmoud; University of Derby (UNSYS Digital, 2014-06)
      This paper presents the state of art of the latest development in Electro-Discharge Machining (EDM) system technology. It covers the current and recent development using the electromagentic and piezoelectric ultrasonic servo control feed drive technology. The paper also demonstrates how the ultrasonic technology renovates the system and transfers its industrial applications into a new era. EDM process is one of the most common processes in automotive and aerospace industry. It is mainly used to machine and process alloys and very hard materials for key manufacturing components, such as film cooling holes for Turbine Blades, engine strip sheets, steel sheets for automotive industry, outer vehicle body, … etc. The EDM system that uses electromagnetic servo control feed drive has a number of teething issues and this indicated the necessity to employ a new technology that could overcome these issues and enhance the system level of precision, dynamic time response, machining stability, arcing phenomena and product surface profile. The research undertaken to evaluate both systems showed that the system recently developed using ultrasonic servo control feed drive has a clear improvement in system dynamic time response, stability, a notable reduction in arcing and short-circuiting teething phenomena. This has been verified through the inter-electrode gap voltage variation. The electron microscopic examinations into the machined samples using the ultrasonic system have also indicated a clear improvement in the surface profile of the machined samples.