Browsing Department of Mechanical Engineering & the Built Environment by Subjects
Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Integrated quality and supply chain management business diagnostics for organizational sustainability improvement.A growing number of organizations are integrating economic, ecologic and financial sustainability considerations into their management processes, driven by increased societal and stakeholder pressures. With a view to support organizations in this global challenge, this paper examines integration of sustainability into the two influential management approaches of quality management and supply chain management. To achieve this, a critical evaluation of the extant integrated models in the literature is undertaken, analyzing strengths and weaknesses and evidencing the limitations. Stemming from the gaps identified, a conceptual framework is formulated, holistically incorporating quality and supply chain management principles for organizational triple bottom line sustainable development. A road map for industrial practitioners is presented along with a business diagnostic tool that were constructed on the basis of novel, synergistic relationships established between the management principles of quality, supply chain integration and sustainability of organizations.
A novel application of sustainable material sourcing and building performance monitoring: case study based approach.In this research, a novel use of building materials and their impact on the building performance and its climatic adaptability is explored, based on a complex real word case study of a unique low energy sustainable building project. In particular, an innovative use of sycamore and its suitability as a structural and constructional timber has been investigated and reported, considering that is deemed not appropriate for structural applications by current standards. A research method of in-situ longitudinal study has been adopted, concentrating on the performance monitoring and assessment of its structural performance and conditions in which it might deteriorate. On the system level, the climatic adaptability of the building as a whole has been analysed via dynamic performance simulation and compared to the in-situ measurements. This was important in order to develop a holistic building performance monitoring strategy, but in particular, to understand the impact of building microclimate on the sycamore frame and hempcrete components of the external load-bearing wall. So far research has concluded that sycamore can be used as structural and constructional material in building design, but due attention has to be paid to construction detailing and provision of a breathable, low humidity environment with an effective resistance to decay and insect attack. This includes measures that ensure a low equilibrium moisture content conditions, effective ventilation provision and appropriate service class uses.
Profitability through cleaner productionCleaner Production (CP) is an integrated, continuous and preventive environment strategy applied to processes, products and services to increase efficiency, minimize waste and reduce risks to humans and the environment. CP should be an essential part of any comprehensive environmental management system at an enterprise or national level. Cleaner production is now seen as a major approach for industry to achieve environmental improvements while remaining competitive and profitable. CP is being increasingly recognized as a definite route towards sustainable development. CP concepts are growing in popularity throughout the world. European countries and some of the Asian countries such as Thailand, India have already applied this concept appropriately and reaped benefits, which have greater impact on their economy and environment. However, Sri Lankan industries are far behind in this respect. Therefore, there is a strong need to introduce CP concept to local industries. Training and education for cleaner production have become essential for most professions. This paper summarizes some of the outcomes and successful lessons learned from the recent CP projects carried out in Sri Lanka since the case studies are an effective means of demonstrating the economic benefits of Cleaner Production. In addition, this paper also emphasizes the necessity for promoting cleaner production concept through education and training in order to achieve sustainable production of goods and services in Sri Lankan industries and promote sustainable consumption among the members of the community.
Sustainable geotechnics"Sustainable Geotechnics" may be considered as a discipline in ground engineering, appearing recently in the construction industry in response to the emerging Low Carbon Economy concerning the global challenges of climate change, diminishing fossil fuel reserves, and environmental management. In the UK Low Carbon Economy is often considered in terms of 'decarbonisation' of buildings, transport, industry, and power sector. This is to be addressed using a wide variety of sustainable approaches, which produce great challenges and opportunities to ground engineers. This paper discusses how the emerging Low Carbon Economy will affect the design and construction of low-carbon buildings and infrastructure as well as innovation covering some of the sustainable approaches recognized by ground engineering communities.