• Biodiesel sustainability: The global impact of potential biodiesel production on the energy–water–food (EWF) nexus

      Chong, Cheng Tung; Loe, Ting Yu; Wong, Kang Yao; Ashokkumar, Veeramuthu; Lam, Su Shiung; Chong, Wen Tong; Borrion, Aiduan; Tian, Bo; Ng, Jo-Han; Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Lingang, Shanghai 201306, China; et al. (Elsevier, 2021-02-01)
      A data-driven model is used to analyse the global effects of biodiesel on the energy–water–food (EWF) nexus, and to understand the complex environmental correlation. Several criteria to measure the sustainability of biodiesel and four main limiting factors for biodiesel production are discussed in this paper. The limiting factors includes water stress, food stress, feedstock quantity and crude oil price. The 155-country model covers crude oil prices ranging from USD10/bbl to USD160/bbl, biodiesel refinery costs ranging from -USD0.30/L to USD0.30/L and 45 multi-generation biodiesel feedstocks. The model is capable of ascertaining changes arising from biodiesel adoption in terms of light-duty diesel engine emissions (NO, CO, UHC and smoke opacity), water stress index (WSI), dietary energy supply (DES), Herfindahl–Hirschman index (HHI) and short-term energy security. With the addition of potential biodiesel production, the renewable energy sector of global primary energy profile can increase by 0.43%, with maximum increment up to 10.97% for Malaysia. At current crude oil price of USD75/bbl and refinery cost of USD0.1/L, only Benin, Ireland and Togo can produce biodiesel profitably. The model also shows that water requirement varies non-linearly with multi-feedstock biodiesel production as blending ratio increases. Out of the 155 countries, biodiesel production is limited by feedstock quantity for 82 countries, 47 are limited by crude oil price, 20 by water stress and 6 by food stress. The results provide insights for governments to set up environmental policy guidelines, in implementing biodiesel technology as a cleaner alternative to diesel.
    • Competitive product pricing extended producer responsibility and the circular economy.

      Takhar, Sukhraj; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (Institute of Research, Learning and Development, 2018-01-23)
      In an increasingly competitive marketplace selling products at the most competitive price is the norm, however emerging trends towards extended producer responsibility (EPR), sustainability and the circular economy have augmented the traditional pricing model. This paper contributes to literature by identifying a research gap relating to product pricing models, EPR and the needs of sustainability and the circular economy. The research reported was designed to address how theoretical and real-world models could potentially work to address the research gap.
    • Culture in sustainable infrastructure

      Omoregie, Alohan; Ehiorobo, Jacob O.; University of Bolton; University of Benin (Institution of Civil Engineers, 2011-06)
      The high failure rate of infrastructures around the world is alarming, most especially when such failures constrain economic growth and development. In most cases, existing institutions or strategies designed to maintain and reproduce effective infrastructures in areas that lack them have been mostly unsuccessful, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. A carefully conducted survey covering the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria confirms the low-level stability, supply, quality and maintenance of infrastructure and its services. Using the severity index in matrix order model developed in this study, major factors responsible for unsustainable infrastructure delivery and failures are identified. The paper further argues that these major factors are interrelated rather than being peculiar to Nigeria or sub-Saharan Africa. Suffice it to say that the effects of these problems are widespread and of global impact. However, what cuts across all the major factors responsible for unsustainable infrastructure delivery and high failure rates are gross institutional lapses. In view of the fact that sustainable infrastructure is essential for sustainable development, this paper emphasises the uniqueness of the recipients’ cultures and values alongside the integration of indigenous communities and infrastructure users: from conceptualisation to delivery within the framework for institutional building and sustainable infrastructure provision.
    • Culture in sustainable infrastructure: the polycentric cultural framework model

      Omoregie, Alohan; University of Bolton (Institution of Civil Engineers, 2012-03)
      The state of infrastructure and services is widely perceived as a measure of development and a major catalyst for growth in both developed and developing economies. However, financing, maintaining and replicating existing infrastructures in areas of need have been mostly ineffective. In view of the widespread failures and poor state of infrastructure and services, there is a need to review current delivery and procurement frameworks. Given that sustainable infrastructure is also an essential prerequisite for sustainable development, this paper presents a polycentric cultural framework for infrastructure and service delivery; a framework which emphasises the integration of infrastructure users, communities, public and private sectors throughout the process of conceptualisation to actual delivery of infrastructure, by taking the recipients’ culture, beliefs and values into account. The framework also emphasises the use of systemic referendum among stakeholders by way of the traditional consultative processes and the collaborative consensus paradigm to achieve an effective and sustainable delivery of infrastructure and services.
    • The impact of Industry 4.0 on supply chains and sustainability.

      Takhar, Sukhraj; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (2018-09-10)
      Industry 4.0 ushers in a new dawn of digitization, utilizing smart devices, communicating across manufacturing process and supply chains, gathering data on mass in a virtual model of a business to investigate areas for improvement, developing new product and service offerings. Industry 4.0 brings a potential shift from mass over production, to production system based on real end consumer demand requirements. Sustainability relates to reducing the amount of scarce resources being used in products, enabling repair, reuse and recycling of materials from products. Industry 4.0 has the potential to influence sustainability and supply chains. This paper establishes key concepts and issues, as well as a current state adoption review. Conclusions were drawn enabling the implementation of (1) industry 4.0; (2) sustainability and; (3) enhanced buyer-supplier supply relationships.
    • ISO 9001 and supply chain integration principles based sustainable development: a Delphi study.

      Bastas, Ali; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (MDPI, 2018-12-03)
      Driven by the increasing stakeholder and societal pressures, organizations and supply chains face the multi-dimensional challenges of not only integrating economic, environmental and social agendas into their management systems but also driving continual sustainability performance improvement. Aiming to support organizations in this sustainable development challenge, this paper explores the strategic management principles of ISO 9001 and supply chain integration from the lens of triple bottom line sustainability. Derived from theoretical synergies, a conceptual framework for integration, measurement, and improvement of triple bottom line sustainability is constructed and a business diagnostic tool introduced to facilitate the implementation of the framework. The developed conceptual framework and diagnostic tool are verified through an expert panel-based Delphi study and positive relationships formulated between the management principles of ISO 9001, supply chain integration and sustainability management. The facilitating and catalyzing role of quality management and supply chain management principles for integration and improvement of organizational sustainability is outlined.
    • Setting a framework for organisational sustainable development

      Liyanage, Kapila; Bastas, Ali; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2019-07-02)
      Increasing worldwide demand for products and services is applying a significant pressure on firms and supply chains operationally and financially, along with negative implications on our planet and the public. New perspectives and approaches are required to be adopted by all members of the society, including the businesses for sustainable development. However, enabling such integration from an organisational management perspective is not straightforward, due to complexities and conflicts associated with balanced integration of economic, environmental and social agendas. Aimed towards addressing this important industrial and societal research requirement, a tailored framework is presented, constructed upon the deeply rooted management principles of quality management (QM)and supply chain management (SCM) to facilitate integration of triple bottom line sustainability into business management. The framework outlines the practical steps for implementation of such an approach, including the quantitative, current state maturity assessment as one of the key application steps. This approach is taken forward to an application step, at an organisation in Cyprus, undertaken through the action research study method that enabled demonstrating both its application, and its positive effects on the sustainable development of the participating organisation. Several contributions are made, including the formulation of a practical approach to organisational integration of triple bottom line sustainability through QM and SCM. Particularly, a new management perspective was introduced with implications to many organisational managers that adopt ISO 9001 and supply chain integration principles, setting a framework for extending these principles beyond their original QM and SCM agendas towards organisational sustainable development.
    • Simulation aided life cycle sustainability assessment framework for manufacturing design and management

      Gbededo, Mijoh Ayodele; Liyanage, Kapila; Oraifige, Ilias; University of Derby (World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 2016-07-21)
      Decision making for sustainable manufacturing design and management requires critical considerations due to the complexity and partly conflicting issues of economic, social and environmental factors. Although there are tools capable of assessing the combination of one or two of the sustainability factors, the frameworks have not adequately integrated all the three factors. Case study and review of existing simulation applications also shows the approach lacks integration of the sustainability factors. In this paper we discussed the development of a simulation based framework for support of a holistic assessment of sustainable manufacturing design and management. To achieve this, a strategic approach is introduced to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of the existing decision supporting tools. Investigation reveals that Discrete Event Simulation (DES) can serve as a rock base for other Life Cycle Analysis frameworks. Simio-DES application optimizes systems for both economic and competitive advantage, Granta CES EduPack and SimaPro collate data for Material Flow Analysis and environmental Life Cycle Assessment, while social and stakeholders’ analysis is supported by Analytical Hierarchy Process, a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis method. Such a common and integrated framework creates a platform for companies to build a computer simulation model of a real system and assess the impact of alternative solutions before implementing a chosen solution.
    • Sustainable manufacturing assessment: Approach and the trend towards life cycle sustainability analysis

      Gbededo, Mijoh Ayodele; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (2017-09-05)
      Recently, Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment framework has been launched for experts from different disciplinary fields to discuss and develop a holistic and integrated approach that supports effective sustainability decisions. Many authors have used different and combination of methodologies in support of this goal; some authors focus on competitive manufacturing with integrated environmental protection elements, some focus on energy and resource efficient technologies and eco-designs while other authors underscored the importance of holistic assessment of the three sustainability factors to drive effective sustainable manufacturing. However, it is evidence from the research that the existing approaches lack holistic and analytical approach that consolidates the objectives of other sustainable product development methods. This paper used a structured approach to a literature review to systematically examine sustainable manufacturing approach and the move from segmented assessment methods to the holistic and integrated Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis, and identify gaps both in practice and research within the manufacturing industry domain. In view of the result, the research proposed a framework that integrates goals that support progressive sustainable product development with methods that focus on the holistic quantitative analysis of the manufacturing production process.
    • Sustainable supply chain quality management: A systematic review.

      Bastas, Ali; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2018-02-03)
      Maintaining profitability measures while conducting business through environmentally and socially sustainable operations is an optimization challenge for organizations globally and for our society. Aiming to contribute to the research streams on this global challenge, this paper studies the state of the art literature on two management methodologies along with sustainability management from an integration perspective: quality management with its intraorganizational focus and supply chain management with its interorganizational view. The paper establishes key themes, trends and new avenues for research through a structured systematic review. The systematic review undertaken includes both descriptive analysis and thematic synthesis of state of the art quality management, sustainability and supply chain management integration literature. Integration synergies of quality and supply chain management were established including performance improvements and integration increasing the effect of both methodologies. Incorporation of sustainability into quality and supply chain management was identified to be a highly emerging area with multi-dimensional (financial, ecologic and social) approaches highly in need for more sustainable supply chains. Ultimately, a new, emerging research area was revealed: sustainable supply chain quality management. Although, several reviews were conducted on the quality, supply chain and sustainability management practices, this study is one of the very few, undertaken from the perspective of all three approaches and cumulative integration. This contribution provides an initial theoretical framework to guide future theory building on a fruitful research avenue.