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Experimental investigation of microclimatic conditions in relation to the built environment in a central urban area in Thessaloniki (Northern Greece): A case study.This paper presents the effects of the geometric and other morphological characteristics upon the urban environment in a city area in Thessaloniki, Greece. A number of experimental procedures were carried out in order to investigate the affect of urban planning on microclimatic conditions. The data gathered investigate the variation of air temperature, surface temperature, wind speed and wind direction on a 24 h basis within an urban canyon. A thermal camera and weather station were used to measure surface temperature and microclimatic parameters. Also, the research studies the correlation between microclimatic parameters and geometric characteristics of urban morphology. The results of the analysis conclude that the surface temperatures and microclimatic conditions differentiated along the streets, on different heights and orientations. The results of the investigation could contribute at the optimum design solutions in response to climatic changes, and toward the sustainable development of the contemporary cities.