Browsing Department of Mechanical Engineering & the Built Environment by Subjects
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Effects of hygrothermal stress on the failure of CFRP compositesThis paper investigates the hygrothermal effects on the failure mechanisms in bending of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. Accelerated diffusion testing was carried out by immersion at 50 °C constant temperature and 70 bar hydrostatic pressure to study the effects of fresh or sea water diffusion into pre-preg CFRP laminates. Consequently the composite laminates were tested in bending after 1 and 3 months’ immersion. A three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) model was developed to couple the moisture diffusion, hygrothermal expansion and bending. Optical and field emission scanning electronic microscope (SEM) were employed to analyse the failure mechanisms of CFRP composites in bending after immersion. The study showed that the mechanical properties are significantly reduced after short term immersion due to the edge effects, while the damage to the fibre/polymer interface becomes more significant to laminate degradation after longer-term immersion.
Micromechanical modeling of 8-harness satin weave glass fiber-reinforced composites.This study introduces a unit cell (UC) based finite element (FE) micromechanical model that accounts for correct post cure fabric geometry, in-situ material properties and void content within the composite to accurately predict the effective elastic orthotropic properties of 8-harness satin weave glass fiber reinforced phenolic (GFRP) composites. The micromechanical model utilizes a correct post cure internal architecture of weave, which was obtained through X-ray microtomography (XMT) tests. Moreover, it utilizes an analytical expression to up-date the input material properties to account for in-situ effects of resin distribution within yarn (the yarn volume fraction) and void content on yarn and matrix properties. This is generally not considered in modeling approaches available in literature and in particular, it has not been demonstrated before for FE micromechanics models of 8-harness satin weave composites. The UC method is used to obtain the effective responses by applying periodic boundary conditions. The outcome of the analysis based on the proposed model is validated through experiments. After validation, the micromechanical model was further utilized to predict the unknown effective properties of the same composite.