The effects of hypnosis on flow states and golf-putting performance
AffiliationSheffield Hallam University
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AbstractThis study examined the effects of hypnosis on flow states and golf-putting performance in 5 competitive players. The investigation utilized an ideographic singlesubject multiple baseline across subjects design combined with a procedure that monitors the internal experience of the participants (Wollman, 1986). The method of intervention utilized in this study involved hypnotic induction, hypnotic regression, and trigger control procedures. The results indicated that all 5 participants increased both their mean golf putting performance and their mean flow scores from baseline to intervention. There were no overlapping data points between the baseline and intervention for either performance or flow state. Additionally, each participant indicated that they had felt the intervention was useful in keeping them relaxed, confident, and focused. Three of the golfers also reported experiencing reduced concerns about performing and more control over their putting stroke.
CitationThe Effects of Hypnosis on Flow States and Golf-Putting Performance 2001, 13 (4):341 Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology