• Case study based approach to integration of sustainable design analysis, performance and building information modelling

      Ceranic, Boris; Dean, Angela; Faulkner, M.; Latham, Derek; University of Derby (WIT Press, 2016-07)
      This paper presents a case study based research of both the method and technology for integration of sustainable design analysis (SDA) and building information modelling (BIM) within smart built environments (SBE). Level 3 BIM federation and integration challenges are recognised and improvements suggested, including issues with combining geometry and managing attribute data. The research defines SDA as rapid and quantifiable analysis of diverse sustainable alternatives and ‘what if’ scenarios posed by a design team and client during the early stages of the project, where the benefits of correct decisions can significantly exceed the actual investment required. The SDA concept and BIM integration findings are explained through a convergence from conceptualisation to calculation stages, emphasising the importance of an iterative over a linear approach. The approach allowed for a multitude of “what if” scenarios to be analysed, leading to more informed sustainable solutions at the right stages of the project development, with a generally lower level of detail (LOD) and computational/modelling effort required. In addition, the final stage of Building Regulations Part L compliance calculations was reached with a lot greater level of certainty, in terms of its requirements. Finally, a strategy for long term performance monitoring and evaluation of the building design in terms of its environmental sustainability is presented, via integration between BIM and SBE (Smart Built Environment) technologies.
    • A sustainable infrastructure delivery model: value added strategy in the Nigerian construction industry

      Arowosafe, O.; Ceranic, Boris; Dean, Angela; University of Derby (Proceedings 31st Annual ARCOM Conference, 2015-09)
      The current economy reforms strategy by the Nigerian government promotes competition among private contractors, which are comprised of local and foreign contractors, in order to achieve value added infrastructure delivery. Resulting competitive bidding processes between multinational construction corporations (MCC) and local construction contractors (LCC) has had mixed comments among stakeholders, with a need for a more sustainable and holistic value approach identified. The aim of this research is to develop a sustainable infrastructure delivery model (SID). The key research methodology is based on extensive literature review and questionnaire survey. SID is developed on the principles and philosophy of soft system methodology (SSM) and analytic network process (ANP). In order to evaluate the significance of MCC and LCC through SID model, questionnaire surveys were conducted. Feedback was collected from experts in the Nigerian construction sector who assessed the relative importance of formulated decision criteria, which were sought under 7 key factors. Data simulation revealed that, through competitive bidding, significant achievements have been made in the delivery of constructed facilities. It was also found that the policy lacked holistic value principles that integrated ethical stance and monetary returns on investment. In this study, SID framework has been presented, clearly showing needs for integration of economic and ethical stances in order to achieve a sustainable infrastructure delivery.
    • Water efficiency-people and communities

      Tracada, Eleni; Bell, Sarah; Unversity of Derby; University College London (The WATEF Network, University of Brighton, 2015-08)
    • Sustainable design and building information modelling: case study of energy plus house, Hieron's Wood, Derbyshire UK

      Ceranic, Boris; Dean, Angela; Latham, Derek; University of Derby (International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings 2015, 2015-07)
      In this paper the method for sustainable design analysis (SDA) integration with building information modelling (BIM) is explored, through the prism of a complex case study based research. BIM model federation and integration challenges are reported, including issues with combining geometry and managing attribute data. The research defines SDA as rapid and quantifiable analysis of multitude of sustainable alternatives and ‘what if’ questions posed by a design team during the early stages of the project, when the benefits of correct decisions can significantly exceed the actual investment required. The SDA concept and BIM integration findings are explained from conceptualisation to calculation stage, emphasising the importance of an iterative over a linear approach. The research approach adopted has led to more informed sustainable solutions at earlier stages of project development, with a generally lower level of development (LOD) and computational/modelling effort required.
    • Construction costs and value management: study of multinational practices in Nigeria

      Arowosafe, O.; Ceranic, Boris; Dean, Angela; University of Derby (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), 2015-07)
      The practice of multinational construction corporations (MCC) in Nigeria construction industry has been viewed as a value for money approach through construction cost management. Assessment of the opportunity cost of the initiatives is equally important in order to gauge the progress of millennium development goals (MDGs), set up by the United Nations in 2000 on human development in developing countries. The study is aimed at the evaluation of current infrastructure procurement framework, introducing novel sustainable infrastructure delivery (SID) model as a holistic value management methodology and a decision making technique. Key components of the model are Checkland’s soft system methodology (SSM) and analytic network process (ANP) by Saaty. SID input data is collected from the pilot questionnaire with the professionals in Nigeria’s construction industry, reinforced by a thorough literature review. Questions sought paired comparison judgements on key aspects of project management and implications on sustainable infrastructure procurement. The concept is discussed in the methodology section. Preliminary findings reveal that current practice lacks a holistic decision making technique, reflected in divergent value interests among stakeholders on infrastructure procurement through different views on the constitution of values. Though there is practical evidence regarding the growth in the construction sector, quantification of the implications on local economy and human development are less visible and require further investigations.
    • Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert: ‘Le Bout du monde’, ‘Inferno’ and ‘Purgatorio’ in landscape

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby, College of Engineering and Technology (�ditions de l�Esp�rou., 2015-06)
    • Biophilic urban developments following dynamic flows of tree-shaped architectures

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby (Timeo editore, 2015-05)
      Latest theories and practices in Biophilic designs of the urban space regard the urban fabric as being composed of several interrelated layers of energetic structure influencing each other in a non-linear manner primarily. The interaction between two or more interfaces of the urban space layers evolves into new and non-predictable properties. Evolution and creation of new boundaries/interfaces follows laws related to fractal growth; most of the times this particular evolution is defined by laws of physics, such as Thermodynamics and Constructal Law. Designs that do not follow these laws may produce anti-natural and hostile environments, which do not fit into human beings’ evolution, and thus, fail to enhance life by all means. The author of this paper should like to illustrate how new developments of urbanism worldwide currently work upon conceptual and town planning models based not only upon cutting-edge technology, but also upon natural laws and patterns of life and human behaviours strictly related to flaws and movement dictated by natural phenomena. When abrupt interruption of the urban structure has occurred, a consequent design solution does not even guarantee flowing and freedom to morph. It is impossible to create harmonic designs which naturally “unite the animate with the inanimate”, as Adrian Bejan and Sylvie Lorente affirm, whenever urban sprawl fails to encompass Biophilic solutions related to tree-shaped architectures. The author argues that Constructal invasion into the urban space “as fundamental problems of access to flow: volume to point, area to point, line to point, and the respective reverse flow directions” can only guarantee high standard quality of life in either contemporary or future cities developments.
    • Life cycle environmental performance of material specification: a BIM-enhanced comparative assessment

      Ajayi, Saheed O.; Oyedele, Lukumon O.; Ceranic, Boris; Gallanagh, Mike; Kadiri, Kabir O.; University of the West of England; University of Derby; Obafemi Awolowo University (Taylor and Francis, 2015-03-12)
      This study aims to evaluate the extent to which building material specification affects life cycle environmental performance, using a building information modelling (BIM)-enhanced life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. A combination of the BIM-based design and analysis tool Revit Architecture, the energy simulation tool Green Building Studio (GBS) and the LCA tool ATHENA Impact Estimator were used for the assessment. The LCA was carried out on a life case study of a 2100 m2 two-floor primary-school building, as well as a variability analysis, by varying the material specification in terms of whole building materials. The life cycle performance of the buildings was primarily evaluated in terms of its global warming potential (GWP) and health impact. The findings of the study show that irrespective of the materials used, buildings that are based on renewable energy perform better than those based on fossil fuels over their life cycle. In terms of building materials, both environmental and health preferences of buildings congruently range from timber, brick/block and steel to insulated concrete formwork (ICF), in descending order. The study suggests that as buildings become more energy efficient during operational stages, serious attention needs to be given to their embodied impact. The study lays out a methodological framework that could be adopted by industry practitioners in evaluating life cycle environmental impact of different BIM-modelled material options at the building conception stage. This has the tendency to ensure that the highest proportion of life cycle environmentally beneficial material combinations are selected during specification and construction.
    • The Gypsy and Traveller communities’ housing dispute against the Localism Tenet – Social and Cultural definition of Gypsy and Traveller status and gender issues

      Tracada, Eleni; Spencer, Siobhan; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, College of Engineering and Technology; Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group; University of Derby, iCeGS (CREA & Giovanni Michelucci Foundation, 2014-12)
    • Words which exclude

      Tracada, Eleni; Spencer, Siobhan; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, College of Engineering and Technology; Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group; University of Derby, iCeGS (iCeGS - International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2014-11)
    • Project JUST/2011/Frac/AG/2716-"WE: Wor(l)ds which exclude-National Report UK"

      Tracada, Eleni; Spencer, Siobhan; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, Faculty of Art, Design & Technology; Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group; University of Derby, iCeGS (2014-04)
    • ‘Hidden agenda in the last decade: localism and Housing Acts in UK.

      Tracada, Eleni; Spencer, Siobhan; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby; Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group; University of Derby (2014-04)
      Localism acts such as Act 2011 have always accompanied and reinforced Planning Acts. For example, in Planning Act 2008, National Policy Statements describe clearly a single commissioner’s role and tasks to handle application; they also define the cases in which Secretary of State is decision-maker. Planning acts describe the meaning of ’owner’, allocation of housing accomodation and acquisition of land. On the other hand with the help of Localism Acts enforcing rules, regulations and continuous amendements, some local communities have successfully challenged Gypsy planning applications as in our case studies in East and West Midlands. Since several years and looking back in time, policy-makers and extremely conservative locals have always challenged planning applications of Gypsy individuals and communities by successfully repealing provisions of local authorities through petitions and other abusive behaviour at times. And although a Housing Act promises to make provisions about housing, secure tenancy and also about mobile homes and the accomodation needs of gypsies and travellers, it may also contain contraddictory content in ’schedules’, ’service notices’ and ’appeals to prohibition notices’, ’management orders’, which may encourage locals to oppose local authorities decisions about Gypsy protected sites. However the most sinister decisions and campaigns against Gypsy sites and planning permissions have been triggered mainly by the Localism acts and by notions of who has the right to be a ’local person’ having the right to make an application and/or acquire land to be used as protected site. In some case study we can discover that the terms of ’Gypsy’, ’nomadism’ and ’Traveller’ become challenging ’weapons’ against planning applications. No Gypsy person getting a local fixed job can be considered any more as a ’Gypsy’ or ’Traveller’, but, they have no chance to become ’locals’ to acquire more rights. On the opposite side, if any person comes from somewhere else is not considered a local to have equal rights with everybody else in the area. If they declare themselves as Gypsy/Traveller, they are opposed by locals as such; locals use themes of wrong waste management and lack of cleaningness, for example, based on Housing Acts to prevent decisions of local authorities ion favour of gypsies who recently lost the right to get legal aid and appeal, as well. The term ’Gypsy’ is played down to what the rest of the inhabitants wants to achieve and most of the times middle aged Gypsy women become victims of a male war of law and regulations; there are occasions in which a woman lost the right to be a ’Gypsy’ simply because they had to find a job close by and for long in order to be a carer for her elderly parents. We are going to challenge ’good practices’ by investigating on these cases through hidden agenda and metaphors used in acts and related decisions and outcomes.
    • Thermodynamics of architecture and urban fabric: designing and re-shaping cityscapes by laws of Nature

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby (Common Ground Publishing, 2014)
      Finding form for a building, or better, forming the fabric of a modern cityscape could not only trigger research on mere preexisting built environment, but also anxiety to know more about the people who would use the form/shape and finally structure of a building. How free a designer/architect could be to play with form when s/he tries to make associations with the material and structural context of a real building? How long does it take to move from freedom of form towards a final design dictated and overwhelmed by frameworks and policies? Ethical and framework criteria and restrictions several times may be fatal to form finding. How can modern designers/architects avoid restrictions and misapprehension of regulatory outlines? The searchers of form are considered rare by Frei Otto, who mainly followed the laws of form and a structural approach most of the times; very recent work of him shows strict relationship with Morphogenesis. Thus, we can also suggest that Morphogenesis is based on more ‘organic’ approaches and laws of thermodynamics; cities can be natural fractal entities as well as morphogenetic structural systems as technology today offers more opportunities to play, develop and accomplish natural forms of not only simple buildings, but also built and unbuilt/open spaces in modern cityscapes. The paper will not only discuss morphogenesis and fractility in architecture, but also will show how students of design and architecture often react and interact with specific analytical tools, from Mathematics and Physics to Biology and Architectural Psychology, in order to create human-centered design. The author has had the opportunity to teach history and theory of architecture to undergraduate and postgraduate students for several years; she has also managed to make connections between Urban Design and Studio practices modules, too. She often shared research activities with her students and observed specific activities during which the students managed to capture hidden codes and messages from built and natural environment, which are regulated by powerful thermodynamic laws of nature, providing for future cityscapes’ evolution.
    • ‘Performing in Corso Palladio’ in DAS 2013-VICENCE

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby (Éditions de l’Espérou, 2014)
    • Hidden agenda in the last decade Localism and Housing Acts in the UK. Where is the good practice in East and West Midlands case studies?

      Tracada, Eleni; Spencer, Siobhan; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby; Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group; University of Derby (University of Pécs, Research Centre of Romology, 2014)
      Localism acts such as Act 2011 have always accompanied and reinforced Planning Acts. For example, in Planning Act 2008, National Policy Statements describe clearly a single commissioner’s role and tasks to handle application; they also define the cases in which the Secretary of State is a final decision-maker. Planning acts describe the meaning of ‘owner’, allocation of housing accommodation and acquisition of land. On the other hand, with the help of Localism Acts enforcing rules, regulations and continuous amendments, some local communities have successfully challenged Gypsy planning applications as in our case studies in East and West Midlands. Since several years and looking back in time, policy-makers and extremely conservative locals have always challenged planning applications of Gypsy individuals and communities by successfully repealing provisions of local authorities through petitions and other abusive behaviour at times. Although Housing Act promises to make provisions about housing, secure tenancy and also about mobile homes and the accommodation needs of Gypsies and Travellers, it may also contain contradictory content in ‘schedules’, ‘service notices’ and ‘appeals to prohibition notices’, ‘management orders’, which may encourage locals to oppose local authorities decisions about Gypsy protected sites. However the most sinister decisions and campaigns against Gypsy sites and planning permissions have been triggered mainly by the Localism acts and by notions of who has the right to be a ‘local person’ having the right to make an application and/or acquire land to be used as a protected site.
    • AIA CPD Workshop to Edra44 Providence: 'Neuroergonomics and Urban Design'

      Tracada, Eleni; Caperna, Antonio; Serafini, Stefano; University of Derby; President, International Society of Biourbanism; Director of Studies, International Society of Biourbanism (2013-10-17)
    • Presentation in Renewbuild Conference 2013 in Gazi University Ankara

      Tracada, Eleni; Caperna, Antonio; University of Derby; International Society of Biourbanism, Rome, Italy (2013-10-17)
    • The fractal urban coherence in biourbanism: the factual elements of urban fabric

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby (Common Ground Publishing, 2013-09-24)
      During the last few decades, modern urban fabric lost some very important elements, only because urban design and planning turned out to be stylistic aerial views or new landscapes of iconic technological landmarks. Biourbanism attempts to re-establish lost values and balance, not only in urban fabric, but also in reinforcing human-oriented design principles in either micro or macro scale. Biourbanism operates as a catalyst of theories and practices in both architecture and urban design to guarantee high standards in services, which are currently fundamental to the survival of communities worldwide. Human life in cities emerges during connectivity via geometrical continuity of grids and fractals, via path connectivity among highly active nodes, via exchange/movement of people and, finally via exchange of information (networks). In most human activities taking place in central areas of cities, people often feel excluded from design processes in the built environment. This paper aims at exploring the reasons for which, fractal cities, which have being conceived as symmetries and patterns, can have scientifically proven and beneficial impact on human fitness of body and mind; research has found that, brain traumas caused by visual agnosia become evident when patterns disappear from either 2D or 3D emergences in architectural and urban design.
    • A new paradigm for deep sustainability: biourbanism

      Tracada, Eleni; Caperna, Antonio; University of Derby; International Society of Biourbanism, Rome, Italy (2013-09-23)
      Biourbanism introduces new conceptual and planning models for a new kind of city, valuing social and economical regeneration of the built environment through developing and healthy communities. Thus, it combines technical aspects, such as zero-emission, energy efficiency, information technology, etc. and the promotion of social sustainability and human well being. In effect, this new paradigm endorses principles of geometrical coherence, Biophilic design, BioArchitecture, Biomimesis, etc. in practices of design and also new urban policies and, especially Biopolitics to promote urban revitalization by ensuring that man-made changes do not have harmful effects to humans. Green city standards start inside the designs of each building and continue either in unbuilt spaces surrounding buildings or inside complex infrastructural networks, connecting buildings and people. The proposed presentation should illustrate how new exciting developments recently, such as fractals, complexity theory, evolutionary biology and artificial intelligence are interrelated and constantly stimulate interaction between human beings and the surrounding environment. New Biophilic solutions in designs of buildings have been proved as attractive opportunities for new markets of housing. Thus, some new infrastructural projects start embracing Biophilic advanced solutions which finally aim at energy efficiency and optimal performance. As parallel activity we can now see emerging new innovative monitoring systems of building health not only in small scale, but also in large scale buildings, such as rail stations, for example, and commercial centres or even sometimes entire educational complexes integrated to new infrastructural projects. Some important case studies are going to be presented; they have been analysed and evaluated by Biourbanism and Biophilia principles and applied methods of design.
    • Harmonious architecture and kinetic linear energy

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby (montpellier.archi.fr, 2013-07-05)