• Early evaluation of Unistats: user experiences

      Hooley, Tristram; Mellors-Bourne, Robin; Sutton, Moira; University of Derby; Careers Research & Advisory Centre (CRAC) (UK Higher Education Funding Bodies, 2013)
    • The economic benefits of career guidance

      Hooley, Tristram; Dodd, Vanessa; University of Derby (Careers England, 2015-07)
      This research paper sets out the evidence on the economic benefits of career guidance. It argues that although career guidance is primarily concerned with the individual it also offers major social and economic benefits. It is these benefits that justify public investment in the area.The evidence base provides insights into the effective delivery of career guidance and highlights the three main policy areas that it can support: (1) the effective functioning of the labour market and through this the economy, (2) the effective functioning of the education system; and (3) social equity. This paper focuses on the first of these in the context of current UK (with a focus on England) policy aims around fiscal restraint and deficit reduction. Career guidance contributes to a range of individual outcomes which influence a number of primary and secondary outcomes which in turn lead to macro-economic benefits. The evidence shows that career guidance can have substantial benefits for the economy by supporting individuals to enhance their capacities in ways that contribute to enhanced jobs, skills and growth. This suggests that the government should re-examine current career guidance policy and consider how it can best maximise the aforementioned economic benefits. This may include widening access in general, considering how best to target provision and rethinking what departments might be involved in funding and influencing the development of a lifelong career guidance system in the UK.
    • Education and the digital revolution.

      Staunton, Tom; University of Derby (Routledge, 2017-08-23)
      This chapter explores how education could rise to the challenge of the digital world. This will explore the intersection between three different understandings of the digital world and consider the tensions the educator experiences in relation to these. This will highlight how debates around the nature of technology and how it interrelates to society creates debates which need to be engaged within the field of education studies. Technology places learners, educators and institutions at a precarious intersection created by technology where there is a need to navigate complexity more than take a single position.
    • Education Select Committee report on careers guidance for young people: Careers England policy commentary 18.

      Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (Careers England, 2013-01)
      This is the eighteenth in an occasional series of briefing notes produced for Careers England on key policy documents related to the future of career guidance services in England. This briefing note describes and provides context to the House of Commons Education Select Committee report, 'Careers Guidance for Young People: The Impact of the New Duty on Schools'.
    • Education, health and care plans: A qualitative investigation into service user experiences of the planning process.

      Adams, Lorna; Tindle, Angus; Basran, Sabrina; Dobie, Sarah; Thomson, Dominic; Robinson, Deborah; Codina, Geraldine; University of Derby; IFF Research (Department for Education, 2018-01)
      An Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan sets out the education, health and care support that is to be provided to a child or young person aged 0-25 years who has Special Educational Needs or a Disability (SEND). It is drawn up by the local authority after an EHC needs assessment of the child or young person, in consultation with relevant partner agencies, parents and the child or young person themselves. EHC plans, and the needs assessment process through which they are created, were introduced as part of the Children and Families Act 2014. The Act, and an accompanying SEND Code of Practice, sets out how local authorities must deliver EHC plans. In 2016, a national survey commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) found variations in how EHC plan recipients experienced the EHC planning process across different local authorities.1 Based on these results, DfE commissioned two further research projects: a multivariate analysis of factors affecting satisfaction with the EHC planning process, and this qualitative investigation of user experiences of the EHC planning process. The qualitative investigation consisted of two distinct exercises: • Twenty-five face-to-face in-depth interviews with parents involved in the 2016 survey, with the aim of better understanding factors that lead to satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the EHC plan process. Thirteen interviews were conducted in local authorities with above average satisfaction, and 12 were conducted in local authority areas with below average satisfaction. • An evaluation of EHC plan quality focussing on plans provided by 18 of the 25 parents interviewed. The evaluation was conducted by a panel of 10 SEND experts with wide experience as SEND policy advisors, strategic leaders in LAs, specialist advisory teachers, officers in SEN statutory services, Special Needs Co-ordinators, teachers in special and mainstream schools and lecturers. There was little evidence of a link between families’ satisfaction with the process of getting the EHC plan and experts’ evaluations of the quality of the plan: this report therefore discusses these two strands of research separately.
    • Effective inclusive teacher education for special educational needs and disabilities: Some more thoughts on the way forward

      Robinson, Deborah; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2016-10-29)
      This study sought to identify the principles and practices underpinning effective inclusive teacher education for special educational needs (SEN) in ordinary schools through an inclusive action research project. The findings demonstrate that where practitioner development involves critical-theoretical, reflexive, research-oriented collaborations among a professional learning community, practitioners become more confident and skilful in enacting inclusive practice. This community was formed in the context of a school-university partnership and included pre-service teachers, experienced teachers, teaching assistants and university tutors. Its findings cast serious doubt over the efficacy of de-intellectualised, ‘on the job’ training models favoured by policy makers in England and elsewhere.
    • Effective transitions for Year 8 students

      Morgan, Sandra; Hutchinson, Jo; Crompton, Nicole; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2007)
      With increased choice and flexibility in the curriculum at Key Stage (KS) 4, Year 9 students will be required to make decisions that could have implications for their future progression and career choices. The provision of good quality information, advice and guidance (IAG) from Year 7 onwards is, therefore, crucial. This project aimed to establish the extent to which current careers education and guidance (CEG) provision in Years 7 and 8 is effectively equipping students with the key skills they need to make realistic choices and successful transitions in Year 9. The research indicated concerns around the decision making skills gaps, variable quality of experiences, the role of mediation of key information, and the potential for personalised support.
    • Employers' experience of Higher Apprenticeships: benefits and barriers

      Mieschbuehler, Ruth; Hooley, Tristram; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby (iCeGS, University of Derby and Pera Training, Melton Mowbray, 2015)
      This report explores employers’ experience and understanding of Higher Apprenticeships. It is based on a survey of almost 200 companies and follow-up interviews with eleven employers. The findings suggest that there is strong support for Higher Apprenticeships amongst employers although there are many employers who have yet to engage with this programme. Employers that have implemented Higher Apprenticeships report a range of business benefits, but they were also clear that appropriate funding has to be in place to support these programmes. Employers generally thought that the introduction of Higher Apprenticeships would improve employee retention, help them to train people in the way they thought necessary and would enhance their company’s skills base. Barriers that had mitigated against the introduction of Higher Apprenticeships included the cost of introducing a Higher Apprenticeship programme, the work needed in making the business ‘higher apprentice friendly’ and findings appropriate apprenticeship frameworks and training providers. Companies that had successfully embedded Higher Apprenticeships had typically developed an approach to recruitment which enabled them to identify and select the best apprentices. Companies also set up management processes to ensure that higher apprentices were well supported and able to progress and developed effective partnerships with training providers.
    • ‘Empowerment at the higher level: the perspectives of learners and their tutors on critical professional reflection at Masters’ level’

      Poultney, Val; University of Derby (2008-09-03)
      This research aims to look at the perceptions of a cohort of professional teacher-learners and their University tutors regarding critical professional reflection and how it might be developed and incorporated within a Masters’ course. Tutoring a group of professional teacher-learners to be analytical, enquiring and evaluative requires skilling them with the scholarly processes that will enable them to be an effective part of the postgraduate workforce. Developing critical thinking skills may require a ‘learning conversation’ (Brookfield, 1987) but it might be that tutors could do more. Garrison’s (1991) concerns about role modeling critical thinking implies a lack of pedagogic expertise on the part of tutors, however tutors unwilling to adopt the characteristics of reflective critical thinkers or be role models for such may deprive teacher-learners of skills and qualities needed to become independent learners. Drawing on a survey approach using questionnaires, telephone interviews and focus groups, teacher-learners and tutors were invited to talk about their experiences of critical professional reflection. Early indications revealed that teacher-learners’ understanding of critical professional reflection is roughly in line with their ‘learning maturation’ and that more challenge and role modeling of this type of thinking by tutors is required, both at early and later stages of the course. It is also significant to note at this point that teacher-learners’ perception of their critical thinking has been highlighted as a result of this research. The data has raised issues for pedagogical practice within one institution and provides data for on-going pedagogical discussions. Teacher-learners engaging with knowledge from both academic and professional sources are beginning to understand that critical professional reflection skills will not only serve them well in the school context, but will also give them the resources to engage and disseminate their knowledge in a wider variety of academic and professional arenas.
    • Enhancing choice? The role of technology in the career support market

      Hooley, Tristram; Hutchinson, Jo; Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (UKCES, 2010-12)
      This report explores the role that technology has played in the development of the career support market. This market is conceived broadly to include all possible resources that individuals might draw upon to support them in their career development. A key element is the role that is played by public-sector career services and by careers professionals; though these resources are supplemented by services paid for in a wide range of ways and delivered by a range of professionals and non-professionals.
    • Enhancing professionalism - progressing the career development sector

      Johnson, Claire; Neary, Siobhan; Career Development Institute; International Centre for Guidance Studies (iCeGS) (National Institute for Career Education and Counselling (NICEC), 2015-10)
      Much has changed in the career development sector since the launch of the Careers Profession Task Force report, ‘Towards a Strong Careers Profession’ in 2010. The report made recommendations for enhancing the professionalism of the career sector including the establishment of an overarching professional body, new qualification levels and common professional standards. The Careers Profession Alliance (CPA) and then the Career Development Institute (CDI), launched in April 2013 have striven to facilitate the sector to be stronger and more cohesive by addressing these recommendations. This article explores what was needed, what has been achieved and plans for the future.
    • Ensuring an independent future for young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND): a critical examination of the impact of education, health and care plans in England.

      Robinson, Deborah; Moore, Nicki; Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby; Centre for Educational Research and Innovation, University of Derby, Derby, UK; International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, Derby, UK; International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, Derby, UK (Taylor and Francis, 2018-01-03)
      This article examines the implications of the new education, health and care (EHC) planning process for career professionals in England. The new process comes in the wake of a succession of legislation relating to young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) in England. There is much to recommend the new process as it represents a shift to a more holistic and person-centred approach. However, there are four main criticisms which can be made of the new process: (1) the policy has an excessive focus on paid work as an outcome which is unrealistic (for some young people); (2) the resourcing in local authorities is too limited to successfully operationalise the policy; (3) there is a lack of clarity about the professional base delivering EHC planning (especially in relation to the career elements); and (4) the policy is too narrowly targeted. While the new legislation offers some major opportunities, realising these will be difficult. In this paper, questions are raised about the resources required to deliver these services; the responsibilities relevant to such services; and the role and scope of these services in supporting the transitions of vulnerable young people into learning and work in an environment where universal careers provision has been substantially diminished.
    • Ensuring quality in career guidance: a critical review

      Hooley, Tristram; Rice, Suzanne; University of Derby; University of Melbourne; International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, Derby, UK; Centre for Vocational and Educational Policy, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne, Australia (Taylor & Francis, 2018-07-06)
      In rapidly changing employment markets, career guidance has a vital role to play in supporting people in navigating transitions between education and employment across the lifespan. In this article, the issue of quality and quality assurance in career guidance is explored. Although there is no clear agreed international understanding of what quality career guidance looks like, through a review of current approaches we identify six main areas which may be quality assured and propose a new typology of approaches to assuring quality. The article concludes by considering critically some of the issues that quality assurance approaches in career guidance generate, highlighting the need for caution so that the pursuit of quality does not undermine the goals it seeks to achieve.
    • Enthusiasm Trust and Community Space Challenge: impact evaluation

      Moore, Nicki; Hutchinson, Jo; University of Derby (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2012-12)
      The aims of research were:- • To build a body of evidence of impact regarding environmental volunteering services on young people, and on the community • To provide an overview of the types of young people who have participated in the past • To document aspects of previous projects that encourage young people to participate and to achieve, and those that discourage young people from participation or from sustained engagement • To identify the key resources that underpinned successful project delivery • To identify specific achievements of young people that are attributable to the programme
    • Entrepreneurship and UK doctoral graduates

      Hooley, Tristram; Bentley, Kieran; Marriott, John; University of Derby (IP Publishing, 2011-06-01)
      This paper discusses the experience of UK doctoral graduates in pursuing entrepreneurial careers: there is evidence that this applies to a substantial number - about 10% - of doctoral graduates. The nature of their experience was explored using 37 interviews with doctoral entrepreneurs. The research was funded by Vitae (www.vitae.ac.uk), an organization championing the personal, professional and career development of doctoral researchers and research staff in UK higher education. The stories that the participants tell suggest that doctoral entrepreneurship develops out of a complex interaction between the personality and skills of the entrepreneurs and the environment in which they operate. In particular, the authors argue that the participants have mobilized a mix of financial, social and educational capital in order to create and sustain their enterprises successfully.
    • Establishing Croatia’s lifelong career guidance service

      Moore, Nicki; Zećirević, Mirjana; Peters, Simon; University of Derby (NICEC, 2014-04-01)
      On July 1st 2013, Croatia became the 28th member state of the European Union. One requirement for Croatia’s accession to the EU was the establishment of comprehensive life-long career guidance (LLCG) provision. In 2011, the Croatian Employment Service, the traditional provider of career guidance services to the unemployed, embarked on a programme to establish eight public facing pilot LLCG centres funded through EU transition funding. This article uses the results of an early evaluation of the new LLCG centres undertaken at the end of the pilot stage to explore the inter-relationship between this EU imperative and the policy and practice developments required to establish LLCG in a post-conflict and post command economy emerging EU country.
    • Evaluating the Legacy Careers Project.

      Marriott, John; Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (2014-03-18)
      The Legacy Careers Project was a five day programme of career enrichment activities for schools in East London. The programme ran from June to December 2013 with students moving from Year 8 to Year 9. It provided information and activities to support students to better understand their future career options. The project takes its inspiration from the Olympic Games and is informed by the opportunities offered by Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. This paper sets out the findings of an evaluation of the project conducted by the International Centre for Guidance Studies. The evaluation concludes that the project was successful. Evaluators noted the delivery of an effective and coherent career learning programme that aligned well with best practice in the sector. Key indicators of success are as follows: • Students who participated in the programme reported that they enjoyed the experience and found it useful; • A high level of learning could be observed throughout the programme; • Students reported that they had developed their skills and attributes through the programme; • There was evidence of greater purposefulness in thinking about their next career destination; • The programme exceeded the initial target of 200 participants by providing 770 students (year 8, moving to year 9) and an additional 70 team leaders (year 12) with career enrichment activities outside of the classroom; • There was a high level of positive engagement from the schools involved in the programme; and • The programme also provided opportunities for a group of sixth form team leaders. These students also reported improvements in their self-confidence (53%), leadership skills (47%) and other skills and attributes.
    • Evaluation of Careers Yorkshire and the Humber Inspiration activity and good practice guide

      Artess, Jane; Hanson, Jill; University of Derby (2017-03)
      The research suggests that Careers Yorkshire and the Humber (CYH) is continuing to make good progress in its inspiration work and fulfilling the expectations that it set itself in its Inspiration plans. Whilst celebrating its continuing achievements CYH is set on a journey of improvement and is actively seeking to continue to work collaboratively with partners, to make the most of its networks, to continue to provide impartial, labour market information and to grow the infrastructure to meet the needs of young people and their parents and advisers for reliable career-related information and support activities. The context for CYH’s inspiration work during 2016-2017 has become more complex as more organisations and services become available. This presents challenges but also opportunities which CYH appear to have grasped with enthusiasm.
    • Evaluation of outreach interventions for under 16 year olds: Tools and guidance for higher education providers.

      Harrison, Neil; Vigurs, Katy; Crockford, Julian; McCaig Colin; Squire, Ruth; Clark, Lewis; International Centre for Guidance Studies (Office for Students (OfS), 2018-12-13)
      During 2017-18, OFFA commissioned research that aimed to understand the nature of outreach activities for under 16 year olds (which were funded through access and participation investment) and how these were evaluated. This document, developed from the research, is intended to act as a resource for pre-16 outreach practitioners and evaluators, drawing both on the data collected by this project and the wider literature around evaluation and outreach. It seeks to recognise the complexity of pre-16 outreach work and eschews a prescriptive approach in favour of establishing important principles and actions that are likely to underpin good practice. Our discussion is broadly positioned within a ‘social realist’ worldview (Archer, 2008; Pawson, 2013) that seeks to understand the fuzzy nature of the cause-and-effect relationships that exist within complex social fields, where individuals construct their own realities in reference to those around them. There is a particular focus on epistemology – the pathways to creating dependable, if contingent, knowledge – as a vehicle for making meaning from data that is usually incomplete, compromised or mediated through young people’s emergent constructions of their worlds. Fundamentally, outreach is predicated on the ability of practitioners to influence young people in a planned way, albeit that the plan will not always work for every young person in every cohort. An important element in this epistemology is that it is not concerned with finding single ‘solutions’ that exist outside time and context. Rather, it is concerned with understanding how young people are influenced by their life experiences – not ‘what works’, but what works in a given context and, importantly, why. It is only through understanding the latter element that practices can become robustly effective in the long-term and potentially transferable to other contexts. This is particularly appropriate to pre-16 outreach work due to the lengthy time lag between activity and application to higher education (HE).
    • Evaluation of premiership rugby’s HITZ learning academy programme

      Defeyter, Greta; Graham, Pamela; Atkins, Liz; Harvey-Golding, Louise; Crilley, E; Northumbria University (Premiership Rugby/Northumbria University, Healthy Living Lab, 2017-06)