• Advancing ambitions: the role of career guidance in supporting social mobility

      Hooley, Tristram; Matheson, Jesse; Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (The Sutton Trust, 2014-10)
      Career guidance describes activities which support individuals to learn about education and employment and plan for their future lives, learning and work. These activities contribute to social mobility, helping people to discover and access opportunities that might exist outside of their immediate networks. They also encourage individuals to challenge their pre-existing assumptions about what they are capable of and to develop practical strategies to operationalise their aspirations.
    • Advising on career image: perspectives, practice and politics

      Yates, Julia; Hooley, Tristram; University of East London; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2017-02-17)
      This article analyses qualitative data gathered from a survey of career practitioners on the issue of career image (n = 355, 75% female, 89% white and 78% from the UK). Findings reveal three key themes which represent how career image relates to practitioners’ values and beliefs, how practitioners make decisions about whether to address the topic in their practice and the strategies they use to address career image with their clients. Findings are discussed with reference to Watts’s socio-political ideologies of guidance. The data indicate that career practitioners are often uncomfortable about discussing career image, but address it where they believe that it is important to their clients’ success. While some practitioners believe the existing structures to be unjust, they generally seek to address this injustice at the individual level rather than seeking any kind of social transformation.
    • ‘ … and now it’s over to you’: recognising and supporting the role of careers leaders in schools in England

      Andrews, David; Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2016-11-11)
      There is a long history of teachers and schools being involved in the delivery of career education and guidance. As the breadth of career education and guidance activity in English schools grew throughout the twentieth century it became increasingly necessary to have an individual within the school responsible for leading and managing this activity (the careers leader). The transfer of responsibility for career guidance from local authorities to schools following the Education Act 2011 has intensified the need for this role. There have been various attempts to conceptualise and professionalise the role of careers leader and to develop appropriate training and support. This article defines the role and the rationale for the role, sets out its history and makes recommendations for the future professionalisation of the role. It is argued that this will include recognition of the role by policy, professionalisation and the development of a career structure and the development of appropriate training and CPD.
    • Are young people aged 16-19 using or expecting to use the gig economy for their careers

      Galfalvi, Esther; Hooley, Tristram; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby (NICEC, 2020-10)
      Amid growing precarity and zero hour contracts, the ‘gig economy’ represents a new way of working mediated by web technology. Workers can sign up to a work platform – a website or smartphone program that manages the work automatically – and take on work at the tap of a button. Some platforms manage labour, such as driving for Uber or delivering food for Deliveroo, while others manage retail activity, such as Ebay or Etsy. Recent research has shown that a significant number of people are using platform work to earn money, with over half being young people aged 16-34. While there are some data regarding satisfaction levels and attractors, there is little research examining specific age segments of workers, or the relationship between platform work and career. Using data from focus group interviews with school and Further Education college students, this paper will discuss findings from research investigating how young people in England aged 16-19 perceive the gig economy and whether they feel that it will be relevant to their careers, with a view to discussing whether it may be necessary to include in careers education programmes or guidance. The interview data indicate that these participants were occasionally using platforms to make money, and a few were earning regularly, usually on retail platforms. While some interviewees appreciated the autonomy and flexibility promised by gig economy work, the uncertainty, perceived low status, and lack of career progression prevented them from taking it seriously as a career option. Instead, they preferred traditional forms of work that provide more stability and organisational support - an increasingly rare commodity in a labour market that is changing rapidly in the opposite direction. We conclude that while there may be little value in giving detailed individual guidance on the gig economy, it could be valuable to use it as a way of teaching young people about the labour market and different types of employment
    • Beyond brexit

      Hooley, Tristram; Institute of Student Employers (Institute of Student Employers, 2019-04)
      The original Brexit timetable has fallen by the wayside. Given how the process to exit the EU has gone so far, this seems unlikely to be the final twist in the story. We are at the end of the beginning of Brexit rather than the beginning of the end. Negotiations about Britain’s future relationship with Europe will go on for years, possibly decades. And that is saying nothing of the way in which Britain’s own politics, policy and law might develop once it is untethered by EU regulation. The question for members of the ISE will be how this may make a difference to the way in which student recruitment and development works.
    • The ‘Blueprint’ framework for career management skills: a critical exploration

      Hooley, Tristram; Watts, A. G.; Sultana, Ronald G.; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2013)
      This article examines the Blueprint framework for career management skills as it has been revealed across sequential implementations in the USA, Canada and Australia. It is argued that despite its lack of an empirical basis, the framework forms a useful and innovative means through which career theory, practice and policy can be connected. The framework comprises both core elements (learning areas, learning model and levels) and contextual elements (resources, community of practice, service delivery approach and policy connection). Each of these elements is explored.
    • Building a progression culture: exploring learning organisations’ use of the Progression Matrix

      Moore, Nicki; Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2011-09)
      This research paper explores the implementation of The Progression Matrix in schools, colleges and other learning organisations such as training providers. The project builds on existing research on The Progression Matrix and finds evidence which suggests that the approach provides a useful conceptual model around which learning organisations can re-orientate their practice and deliver enhanced progression for learners.
    • Building motivation, achievement and progression online: evaluating Brightside's approach to online mentoring

      Hooley, Tristram; Hutchinson, Jo; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, iCeGS (iCeGS, University of Derby, 2014-08)
      This report sets out the findings of an independent evaluation of Brightside conducted by the International Centre for Guidance Studies. Brightside is a charity that seeks to raise young people’s aspirations and awareness about education and career pathways and enhance their capability to achieve those aspirations. A mixed methods approach to evaluation was taken which combined interviews with Brightside staff and partners (representatives of organisations that used Brightside) with analysis of existing web statistics collected by Brightside, an online survey of mentees and a detailed content analysis of a sample of online mentoring conversations. Overall the evaluation found that Brightside is well regarded by its partners, and provides a tool which delivers high quality mentoring and clear impacts for participants (mentees). It is particularly effective in helping young people to transition to higher education by helping them to think about which university they want to apply to, and supporting them through the application process.
    • Building motivation, achievement and progression online: evaluating Brightside's approach to online mentoring. Executive Summary.

      Hooley, Tristram; Hutchinson, Jo; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, iCeGS (iCeGS, University of Derby, 2014-08)
      This report sets out the findings of an independent evaluation of Brightside conducted by the International Centre for Guidance Studies. Brightside is a charity that seeks to raise young people’s aspirations and awareness about education and career pathways and enhance their capability to achieve those aspirations. A mixed methods approach to evaluation was taken which combined interviews with Brightside staff and partners (representatives of organisations that used Brightside) with analysis of existing web statistics collected by Brightside, an online survey of mentees and a detailed content analysis of a sample of online mentoring conversations. Overall the evaluation found that Brightside is well regarded by its partners, and provides a tool which delivers high quality mentoring and clear impacts for participants (mentees). It is particularly effective in helping young people to transition to higher education by helping them to think about which university they want to apply to, and supporting them through the application process.
    • Building online employability: a guide for academic departments

      Longridge, Debra; Hooley, Tristram; Staunton, Tom; University of Derby (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2013-06)
      This guide will help academic departments to support students to think about their careers and to use the online environment wisely. Used badly the array of social media and online technologies can seriously disadvantage a students’ career development, but if used well they can support students to find out about and transition into their future career.
    • Business games and enterprise competitions. What works?

      Hanson, Jill; Cox, Annette; Hooley, Tristram; The Careers and Enterprise Company; University of Derby (The Careers & Enterprise Company, 2017-11-03)
      This paper provides the underpinning evidence on business games and enterprise competitions. Schools, colleges and providers of careers and enterprise programmes are invited to use this evidence to inform the programmes that they are running and developing. The paper draws together academic and ‘grey’ literature (such as policy papers, speeches and programme evaluation reports), with the aim of, first, clarifying possible impacts from business games and enterprise competitions and, second, exploring what effective practice looks like.
    • Business games and enterprise competitions. What works?

      Hanson, Jill; Hooley, Tristram; Cox, Annette; University of Derby (Careers and Enterprise Company, 2017-09)
      This paper provides the underpinning evidence on business games and enterprise competitions. Schools, colleges and providers of careers and enterprise programmes are invited to use this evidence to inform the programmes that they are running and developing. The paper draws together academic and ‘grey’ literature (such as policy papers, speeches and programme evaluation reports), with the aim of, first, clarifying possible impacts from business games and enterprise competitions and, second, exploring what effective practice looks like.
    • Career development and human capital theory: Preaching the “education gospel”

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (Oxford University Press, 2020-09-02)
      This chapter analyses the relationship between career development, education, and human capital theory. It argues that education lies at the heart of our understanding of how individuals develop their careers and how purposeful career development interventions can support them in this endeavour. Career development services are most evident and accessible in the education system. This relationship is not accidental but is rooted in both the historical development of the field and in the importance of human capital theory to the ideology of both education and career development. The chapter finishes by critiquing the dependence of policymakers and advocates for the field on human capital theory and by considering alternative relationships that could be built between education and career development.
    • Career Development Framework

      Hooley, Tristram; Career Development Institute (Career Development Institute, 2021)
      This document introduces the CDI’s Career Development Framework to careers professionals, educators and other professionals who work supporting people to develop their careers. Its main purpose is to clarify the skills, knowledge and attitudes that individuals need to have a positive career and to provide a framework for planning support for career development.
    • Career Development Framework: Using the Framework to support career education and guidance in secondary schools (Key stage 3 - post-16)

      Hooley, Tristram; Career Development Institute (Career Development Institute, 2021)
      This document introduces the CDI’s Career Development Framework for secondary schools. It clarifies the skills, knowledge and attitudes that individuals need to have a positive career and explores how secondary schools can support pupils to build their career development skills. A ‘positive career’ will mean something different to different people, but it will typically include being happy with the way you spend your time, being able to make a contribution to your community and being able to have a decent standard of living.
    • Career development in Canada

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2013-11-19)
      This report sets out the findings from a research study visit that I (Tristram Hooley) undertook in Canada during the summer of 2011. The study visit was made possible by the generous funding of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust. During the visit I was able to explore the career development systems in five Canadian provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia). I was also able to briefly visit another two provinces (Prince Edward Island and Quebec) and to talk to a number of organisations with national remits.
    • Career development policy and practice: the Tony Watts reader

      Hooley, Tristram; Barham, Lyn; University of Derby (Highflyers, 2015)
    • Career guidance and inspiration in schools

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (Careers England, 2015-04-07)
      This is the thirtieth in an occasional series of briefing notes on key policy documents related to the future of career guidance services in England. The note has been prepared for Careers England by Professor Tristram Hooley.
    • Career guidance for social justice: Contesting neoliberalism.

      Hooley, Tristram; Sultana, Ronald; Thomsen, Rie; Hooley, Tristram; Sultana, Ronald; Thomsen, Rie; University of Derby; University of Malta; Aarhus University (Routledge, 2017-11-30)
      This edited collection examines the intersections between career guidance, social justice and neo-liberalism. Contributors offer an original and global discussion of the role of career guidance in the struggle for social justice and evaluate the field from a diverse range of theoretical positions. Through a series of chapters that positions career guidance within a neoliberal context and presents theories to inform an emancipatory direction for the field, this book raises questions, offers resources and provides some glimpses of an alternative future for work. Drawing on education, sociology, and political science, this book addresses the theoretical basis of career guidance’s involvement in social justice as well as the methodological consequences in relation to career guidance research.
    • A career postcode lottery? Local authority provision of youth and career support following the 2011 Education Act

      Langley, Emma; Hooley, Tristram; Bertuchi, Denise; University of Derby; University of Derby, iCeGS (2014-01-15)
      Since the election of the Coalition Government, England has seen a major change in the delivery of career support for young people. Cuts in funding for Connexions, Aimhigher and Education Business Partnerships have been accompanied by a shift in statutory responsibility from local authorities (LAs) to schools. Such policy has been criticised by a wide range of stakeholders and subjected to some scrutiny. This study focuses attention on the experiences of LAs and their staff in dealing with these changes. The aim was to explore the current scale and nature of LA careers activities with a view to providing a picture of LA responses to the policy changes. The report explores several themes: the resourcing of career and youth support, the provision of universal career support, and how targeted services have been affected. It also discusses the implications of the changes on specific groups such as careers professionals and young people, and suggests ways forward.