• Getting Qualified in Woodwork: Young peoples reasons for choosing VET programmes in the UK

      Atkins, Liz; Northumbria University (NCVER, 10/07/2014)
      This paper reports on a qualitative study carried out in the UK during summer 2010 on behalf of City and Guilds Centre for Skills Development (CSD). The study formed part of a wider, international project which aimed to explore young people's perceptions of vocational education and training (VET), and as such is of significance in the Australian context: it also formed part of the evidence for the influential Wolf Review of Vocational Education which reported to the UK government in 2011. The study found that serendipity, contingent events and influence of significant others are most influential in choice of vocational programme and that young peoples understandings of possible career paths vary in sophistication, differentiated by age, programme level and subject area. Perceived attractiveness of VET was closely associated with societal perception of their courses (which the young people considered to be negative) suggesting that, in the UK, pre-Coalition policy (before May 2010) has been unsuccessful in addressing issues of parity of esteem, despite considerable policy investment in the VET sector. The paper explores the implications of these findings for the English models of Vocational Education in the context of current Coalition policy. It concludes that whilst some recent policy initiatives, such as the proposed introduction of University Technical Colleges may be successful in raising the esteem of some forms of specialised VET, broad vocational courses at lower levels will continue to be held in lower esteem and to confer little educational advantage on those young people, largely drawn from working class backgrounds and displaying multiple exclusionary characteristics, who pursue them.
    • A gift for Eleonora

      White, Christine; Oddey, Alison; University of Derby; Nottingham Trent University (2015-05-12)
      The performance, ‘A gift for Eleonora’ is a research output, which investigates the cultural value of the arts for health, happiness and well-being as a cultural health intervention for public engagement in an UNESCO World Heritage Site. This was performed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Basilica di Santa Croce, in the Cappella dei Pazzi, Florence, Italy on May 13-15, 2015.
    • Girls like that

      Lane, Kit; University of Derby (2015-02)
      A variety of source material was used including original photographic and video images, computer generated imagery and Creative Commons licensed images. Extensive use was made of projection mapping techniques. A wide-screen image was created at a short throw distance by edge-blending two projectors.
    • Give yourself the edge: Evaluation report.

      Dodd, Vanessa; Hanson, Jill; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2018-09-06)
    • Glacial history of Mt Chelmos, Peloponnesus, Greece

      Pope, R. J.; Hughes, P. D.; Skourtsos, E.; University of Derby; University of Manchester; University of Athens (Geological Society of London, 2015-11-11)
      Mount Chelmos in the Peloponnesus was glaciated by a plateau ice field during the most extensive Pleistocene glaciation. Valley glaciers radiated out from an ice field centred over the central plateau of the massif. The largest glaciations are likely to be Middle Pleistocene in age. Smaller valley and cirque glaciers formed later and boulders on the moraines of these glacial phases have been dated using 36 Cl terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide exposure dating. These ages indicate a Late Pleistocene age with glacier advance/stabilisation at 40-30 ka, glacier retreat at 23-21 ka and advance/stabilisation at 13-10 ka. This indicates that the glacier maximum of the last cold stage occurred during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3, several thousand years before the global Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; MIS 2) . The last phase of moraine building occurred at the end of the Pleistocene, possibly during the Younger Dryas.
    • The global graduate: developing the global careers service

      Neary, Siobhan; Thambar, N.; Bell, Sharon; University of Derby, iCeGS (CRAC, 2014-04)
      Graduate employability is an international issue. Students seek a higher education experience with added value in terms of employability and an international perspective. How do careers services meet the expectations that accompany these aspirations? The University of Nottingham, an established global university with campuses in Malaysia and China, attracts students from across the world. These students have diverse and culturally-specific career development needs, requiring skilled practitioners with knowledge of the global graduate opportunity structure. This article explores ways in which the Careers and Employability Services are being developed to meet a global market through support for staff and internationalised employer engagement.
    • Global HR IT development teams as liminal teams

      Tansley, Carole; Williams, Hazel; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2008)
    • Global Invasive Potential of 10 Parasitic Witchweeds and Related Orobanchaceae

      Mohamed, Kamal I.; Papes, Monica; Williams, Richard; Benz, Brett W.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Department of Biology, Oswego State University of New York, Oswego, NY 13126 USA; Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA. (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 2006-09-01)
      The plant family Orobanchaceae includes many parasitic weeds that are also impressive invaders and aggressive crop pests with several specialized features (e.g. microscopic seeds, parasitic habits). Although they have provoked several large-scale eradication and control efforts, no global evaluation of their invasive potential is as yet available. We use tools from ecological niche modeling in combination with occurrence records from herbarium specimens to evaluate the global invasive potential of each of 10 species in this assemblage, representing several of the worst global invaders. The invasive potential of these species is considerable, with all tropical and subtropical countries, and most temperate countries, vulnerable to invasions by one or more of them.
    • Global patterns of bioturbation intensity and mixed depth of marine soft sediments

      Teal, L. R.; Bulling, Mark T.; Parker, E. R.; Solan, Martin (2013-06-11)
      ABSTRACT: The importance of bioturbation in mediating biogeochemical processes in the upper centimetres of oceanic sediments provides a compelling reason for wanting to quantify in situ rates of bioturbation. Whilst several approaches can be used for estimating the rate and extent of bioturba- tion, most often it is characterized by calculating an intensity coefficient (D b ) and/or a mixed layer depth (L). Using measures of D b (n = 447) and L (n = 784) collated largely from peer-reviewed litera- ture, we have assembled a global database and examined patterns of both L and D b . At the broadest level, this database reveals that there are considerable gaps in our knowledge of bioturbation for all major oceans other than the North Atlantic, and almost universally for the deep ocean. Similarly, there is an appreciable bias towards observations in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly along the coastal regions of North America and Europe. For the assembled dataset, we find large discrepancies in estimations of L and D b that reflect differences in boundary conditions and reaction properties of the methods used. Tracers with longer half-lives tend to give lower D b estimates and deeper mixing depths than tracers with shorter half-lives. Estimates of L based on sediment profile imaging are significantly lower than estimates based on tracer methods. Estimations of L, but not D b , differ between biogeographical realms at the global level and, at least for the Temperate Northern Atlantic realm, also at the regional level. There are significant effects of season irrespective of location, with higher activities (D b ) observed during summer and deeper mixing depths (L) observed during autumn. Our evaluation demonstrates that we have reasonable estimates of bioturbation for only a limited set of conditions and regions of the world. For these data, and based on a conservative global mean (±SD) L of 5.75 ± 5.67 cm (n = 791), we calculate the global volume of bioturbated sediment to be >20 700 km 3 . Whilst it is clear that the role of benthic invertebrates in mediating global ecosystem processes is substantial, the level of uncertainty at the regional level is unacceptably high for much of the globe.
    • A global synthesis of plant extinction rates in urban areas.

      Hahs, Amy K.; McDonnell, Mark J.; McCarthy, Michael A.; Vesk, Peter A.; Corlett, Richard T.; Norton, Briony, A.; Clemants, Steven E.; Duncan, Richard P.; Thompson, Ken; Schwartz, Mark W.; et al. (Wiley, 2009-10-13)
      Plant extinctions from urban areas are a growing threat to biodiversity worldwide. To minimize this threat, it is critical to understand what factors are influencing plant extinction rates. We compiled plant extinction rate data for 22 cities around the world. Two‐thirds of the variation in plant extinction rates was explained by a combination of the city’s historical development and the current proportion of native vegetation, with the former explaining the greatest variability. As a single variable, the amount of native vegetation remaining also influenced extinction rates, particularly in cities > 200 years old. Our study demonstrates that the legacies of landscape transformations by agrarian and urban development last for hundreds of years, and modern cities potentially carry a large extinction debt. This finding highlights the importance of preserving native vegetation in urban areas and the need for mitigation to minimize potential plant extinctions in the future.
    • Globalisation, economic growth and energy consumption in the BRICS region: the importance of asymmetries.

      Shahbaz, Muhammad; Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain; Alam, Shaista; Apergis, Nicholas; Montpelier Business School; COMSATS Institute of InformationTechnology; University of Karachi; University of Piraeus (Taylor & Francis, 2018-06-19)
      This paper examines the asymmetric impact of globalisation and economic growth on energy consumption in BRICS countries, applying the NARDL bounds approach to explore the presence of asymmetric cointegration across variables. The empirical results reveals that energy consumption is positively and negatively affected by the positive and negative globalisation shocks, respectively. A positive shock in economic growth promotes energy consumption, while a negative shock reduces energy consumption.
    • Going further and higher together

      Atkins, Liz; Northumbria University (06/06/2014)
    • The good things children notice in nature: An extended framework for reconnecting children with nature

      Harvey, Caroline; Hallam, Jenny; Richardson, Miles; Wells, Rachel; University of Derby (Elsevier BV, 2019-12-23)
      This research identifies themes emerging from a children’s writing task, where they wrote about good things they noticed in nature over a five day period. Eighty four children aged nine to eleven participated, resulting in 847 written statements. Content analysis using an emergent coding approach identified ten themes, with “Active Animals” being the most frequently occurring theme. Combining the themes with Author (2017a, b, c) pathways to nature connection provides an extended framework to inform children’s activity programmes, design of school grounds and urban spaces, aiming to connect children with nature. Future research could extend the framework into a practitioner’s tool kit.
    • Good timing: Implementing STEM careers strategy in secondary schools

      Finegold, Peter; Stagg, Peter; Hutchinson, Jo; Isinglass Consultancy; Warwick University; University of Derby (Centre for Education and Industry, University of Warwick, 2011)
      Good Timing is the final report of a three-year programme of work, commissioned by the Department for Education, and carried out by the Centre for Education and Industry at the University of Warwick (CEI), the International Centre for Guidance Studies at the University of Derby (iCeGS) and Isinglass Consultancy Ltd. The programme explored potential to embed STEM careers awareness in the early stages of secondary education.
    • Good volatility, bad volatility: what drives the asymmetric connectedness of Australian electricity markets?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Baruník, Jozef; Lau, Chi Keung Marco; University of Piraeus; Charles University; Northumbria University (Elsevier, 2017-06-22)
      Efficient delivery of network services and the electricity infrastructure to meet the long-term consumer's interests are the main objectives and the strategies of a national electricity market, while the main interests of generators are to maximize their profit through pricing strategies. Therefore, the objective of this study is to explore whether electricity prices across the four Australian States display symmetric price volatility connectedness. The study is the first attempt in the literature to make use of intraday 5-min Australian dispatch electricity prices, spanning the period December 8th, 1998 to May 5th, 2016 to quantify asymmetries in volatility connectedness emerging from good, and bad volatility. The results provide supportive evidence that the Australian electricity markets are connected asymmetrically implying the presence of some degree of market power that is exercised by generators across regional electricity markets.
    • Google scholar and e-journals.

      Bryson, David; University of Derby (2010-09)
    • Governance options for effective interprofessional education: Exposing the gap between education and healthcare services

      O’Keefe, Maree; Forman, Dawn; Moran, Monica; Steketee, Carole; The University of Adelaide, Australia; University of Derby; The University of Western, Australia; The University of Notre Dame Australia (Informa UK Limited, 2020-07-24)
      The increase in interprofessional models of collaborative practice and identification of health services as interprofessional organisations, sits somewhat awkwardly with traditional governance systems for both health services and educational institutions. Whereas health services have a primary focus on assuring competence and safety for health care practice, educational institutions have a primary focus on assuring academic standards within specific qualifications. Bridging the gap between these two systems with a workable option has proven challenging, especially in relation to interprofessional education (IPE). Given the need to ensure ‘work ready’ graduates within a more interprofessional and collaborative workforce, it is important to review the quality assurance governance models that are in place and to consider which of these existing governance systems, if either, is the more appropriate model for enabling and supporting IPE. This paper describes current issues in relation to governance for quality assurance, summarises the current state of research in the field and discusses potential governance options moving forward. Given that existing governance models are not meeting the challenges of IPE, there is a need to achieve greater alignment between the academic and health service governing systems.
    • Government inspiration vision statement and other recent developments: Policy Commentary 24

      Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (Careers England, 2013-11-24)
      This is the twenty-fourth in an occasional series of briefing notes on key policy documents related to the future of career guidance services in England. the Government also published an Inspiration Vision Statement. This has clearly been the basis for Ministerial statements in two recent Parliamentary question sessions: in the House of Lords on 23 October 2013; and in the House of Commons on 11 November 2013. This Policy Commentary analyses these various statements. It demonstrates that the Government, despite its earlier promises to achieve a renaissance of the careers profession, appears now to be writing careers professionals out of the policy script.
    • Government response to Education Select Committee Report : Careers England Policy Commentary 20

      Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (Careers England, 2013-04)
      This is the twentieth in an occasional series of briefing notes produced for Careers England on key policy documents related to the future of career guidance services in England. This briefing note describes and provides context to the Government response to Education Select Committee Report.
    • Government response to Heseltine Review: Careers England Policy Commentary 19

      Watts, A. G.; University of Derby (Careers England, 2013-03)
      This is the nineteenth in an occasional series of briefing notes produced for Careers England on key policy documents related to the future of career guidance services in England. This briefing note describes and provides context to the Heseltine Review report, 'No Stone Unturned: In Pursuit of Growth'.