• Which exercise and behavioural interventions show most promise for treating fatigue in multiple sclerosis? A network meta-analysis

      Harrison, Anthony M; Safari, Reza; Mercer, Tom; Picariello, Federica; van der Linden, Marietta L; White, Claire; Moss-Morris, Rona; Norton, Sam; University of Derby (SAGE Publications, 2021-04-20)
      Fatigue is a common, debilitating symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) without a current standardised treatment. The aim of this systematic review with network meta-analyses was to estimate the relative effectiveness of both fatigue-targeted and non-targeted exercise, behavioural and combined (behavioural and exercise) interventions. Nine electronic databases up to August 2018 were searched, and 113 trials (n = 6909) were included: 34 were fatigue-targeted and 79 non-fatigue-targeted trials. Intervention characteristics were extracted using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication guidelines. Certainty of evidence was assessed using GRADE. Pairwise meta-analyses showed that exercise interventions demonstrated moderate to large effects across subtypes regardless of treatment target, with the largest effect for balance exercise (SMD = 0.84). Cognitive behavioural therapies (CBTs) showed moderate to large effects (SMD = 0.60), with fatigue-targeted treatments showing larger effects than those targeting distress. Network meta-analysis showed that balance exercise performed significantly better compared to other exercise and behavioural intervention subtypes, except CBT. CBT was estimated to be superior to energy conservation and other behavioural interventions. Combined exercise also had a moderate to large effect. Treatment recommendations for balance and combined exercise are tentative as the certainty of the evidence was moderate. The certainty of the evidence for CBT was high.
    • White Syndrome in Acropora muricata: nonspecific bacterial infection and ciliate histophagy

      Sweet, Michael J.; Bythell, John C.; University of Derby; Molecular Health and Disease Laboratory; College of Life and Natural Sciences; University of Derby; Kedleston Road Derby DE56 0TA UK; University of the South Pacific; Laucala Campus; Suva Fiji (2015-02-23)
      Selective antibiotic treatment of white syndrome (WS)-affected corals (Acropora muricata) from Fiji was used to identify 3 potential bacterial pathogens of the disease. Interestingly, the suite of bacterial associates of the disease was different to that recently identified using identical primer sets for WS on the GBR and in the Solomon Islands. In addition to the three bacterial pathogenic candidates and as previously shown for WS and more recently for white band disease (WBD) in the Caribbean, all samples of the disease were specifically associated with the histophagous ciliate Philaster lucinda. From the pattern of disease progression and histopathology in relation to the selective elimination of microbial groups, we conclude that these ‘white’ dis-eases are a result of a nonspecific bacterial infection and a ‘secondary’ infection by the P. lucinda ciliate. Although we have not observed the initiation of infection, a nonspecific, multispecies bacterial infection appears to be a corequirement for WS lesion progression and we hypothesize that the bacterial infection occurs initially, weakening the defences of the host to predation by the ciliates. Such ciliate histophagy gives rise to the characteristic white band of denuded coral skeleton that gives these diseases their names. The characteristics of the microbial communities of WBD and WS appear identical, and since the bacterial associates of WS vary geographically (and/or tempo-rally), there appears to be no logical distinction between WS in the Indo-Pacific and WBD in the Caribbean.
    • Who Are We, Where Do We Come From, Where Are We Going To? Greek Cypriot Women Artists in Contemporary Cyprus

      Photiou, Maria; Loughborough University (Taylor & Francis Publishers, 2012)
      This article is about Greek Cypriot women artists. In particular it concerns their art, their careers, and their relation to politics; the way they were influenced by politics in Cyprus and how they represented the political upheavals of the time in their own practice. Although all these artists experienced the several phases of Cypriot history in a different way, they all have something in common: the fact that these artists were women living in a colonised, patriarchal country under Greek Cypriot nationality. Their practices are the result of what they experienced and an analysis of their work will reveal the artistic strategies they applied as a response to the politics in Cypriot society.
    • The Who of the I: Exhibition, Public Art Work

      Clark, Robert Casselton (2013-04-30)
    • Who thrives under pressure? predicting the performance of elite academy cricketers using the cardiovascular indicators of challenge and threat states

      Turner, Martin J.; Jones, Marc V.; Sheffield, David; Slater, Matthew J.; Barker, Jamie B.; Bell, James J.; Staffordshire University, Centre for Sport, Health and Exercise Research; University of Derby, Centre for Psychological Research (2013-08)
      This study assessed whether cardiovascular (CV) reactivity patterns indexing challenge and threat states predicted batting performance in elite male county (N = 12) and national (N = 30) academy cricketers. Participants completed a batting test under pressure, before which CV reactivity was recorded in response to ego-threatening audio instructions. Self-reported self-efficacy, control, achievement goals, and emotions were also assessed. Challenge CV reactivity predicted superior performance in the Batting Test, compared with threat CV reactivity. The relationships between self-report measures and CV reactivity, and self-report measures and performance were inconsistent. A small subsample of participants who exhibited threat CV reactivity, but performed well, reported greater self-efficacy than participants who exhibited threat CV reactivity, but performed poorly. Also a small subsample of participants who exhibited challenge reactivity, but performed poorly, had higher avoidance goals than participants with challenge reactivity who performed well. The mechanisms for the observed relationship between CV reactivity and performance are discussed alongside implications for future research and applied practice.
    • Why do student nurses want to be nurses?

      Holt, Paula; Perkinton, Louise; Davies, Fiona; University of Derby (EMAP, 2014-01-01)
      Nursing became an all graduate entry profession in September 2013; this move and the publication of the Francis report have brought the debate around nurse education and nurses' capacity to care into sharper focus. There is much debate over what makes a good nurse and whether graduate nurses lack care and compassion.
    • Why higher apprenticeships are critical to business

      Hooley, Tristram; Institute of Student Employers; University of Derby (Open Access Government, 2019-09-06)
    • Why important education research often gets ignored

      Hayes, Dennis; University of Derby (The Conversation Trust (UK), 2014-10-16)
    • Why we need to share our ideas about connecting career development to social justice

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (CERIC, 2021-01)
      An article introducing key ideas of social justice in career guidance.
    • Why we've all got to be digital career practitioners

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (2015)
      This article discusses effective strategies for career development on the internet.
    • Wide-area psychoacoustic correction for problematic room-modes using nonlinear bass synthesis

      Hill, Adam J.; Hawksford, Malcolm O. J.; University of Essex (Audio Engineering Society, 2011-11)
      Small room acoustics are characterized by a limited number of dominant low-frequency room-modes that result in wide spatio-pressure variations that traditional room correction systems may find elusive to correct over a broad listening area. A psychoacoustic-based methodology is proposed whereby signal components coincident only with problematic modes are filtered and substituted by virtual bass components to forge an illusion of the suppressed frequencies. Although this approach can constitute a standalone correction system, the impetus for development is for use within well-established correction methodologies. A scalable and hierarchical approach is studied using subjective evaluation to confirm uniform wide-area performance. Bass synthesis exploits parallel nonlinear and phase vocoder generators with outputs blended as a function of transient and steady-state signal content.
    • William Melville: Eve of war

      McMahon, Daithi; O'Connor, Fred; University of Derby (Raidió Chiarraí Teoranta, 08/01/2015)
      This detective drama was written and produced to educate the Irish audience about one of their greatest historical heroes, the spymaster William Melville, a.k.a. ‘M’, whose exploits have been largely overlooked by historians. The script, audio style, performances and soundscape were carefully designed to recreate the classic detective radio dramas of the 1940s, offering a unique nostalgic experience for the listener, rarely heard on radio today. Synopsis: It’s 1914. Europe is on the brink of a war that will define the 20th century, and the fledgling British Secret Service, under the command of Kerryman William Melville, must stop a German spy ring operating covertly throughout London before they carry out their deadly operation. Based on real events this drama recreates the plot that pitted the legendary detective, who hailed from Sneem, Co. Kerry, against the Kaiser's ruthless spymaster, Gustav Steinhauer. Once colleagues but now adversaries, each man will stop at nothing to complete his mission. The German plot is to destroy the gold reserves in the Bank of England, thereby shattering Britain's economy and severely hampering or nullifying Britain's war effort. The events are thought to have inspired Ian Fleming to write his best-selling James Bond novel Goldfinger. This programme is part of a special ongoing series of dramas on spymaster William Melville. This production was selected to compete for the Prix Europa 2016 in the Radio Fiction category and won Silver for Best Radio Drama at the New York Festivals International Radio Program Awards 2016.
    • William Melville: The Queen's detective.

      McMahon, Daithi; O'Connor, Fred; University of Derby (Radio Kerry, 2014-05)
      In this classic detective drama, set in the summer of 1889, Melville’s skills are put to the test as he is assigned to protect the visiting Shah of Persia as Fenian anarchists aim assassinating the royal guest. This drama is based on actual events and creates an intriguing insight into the world of political intrigue, criminality, and espionage that would have existed in late Victorian London. The drama was produced for the audience in county Kerry where William Melville was from and was intended to educate and entertain the listeners young and old about one of the county's most decorated sons.
    • With a little help from my friends: The Irish radio industry's strategic appropriation of social network sites for commercial growth.

      McMahon, Daithi; University of Derby (IGI Global, 2017)
      Ireland has faced significant economic hardship since 2008, with the Irish radio industry suffering as advertising revenues evaporated. The difficult economic circumstances have forced radio station management to devise new and cost effective ways of generating much-needed income. The answer has come in the form of Facebook, the leading Social Network Site (SNS) in Ireland. Using Ireland as a case study, this chapter looks at how radio station management are utilising the social network strategically in a bid to enhance their audiences and revenues. Radio station management consider Facebook to be an invaluable promotional tool which is very easily integrated into radio programming and gives radio a digital online presence, reaching far greater audiences than possible through broadcasting. Some radio stations are showing ambition and are realising the marketing potential that Facebook and other SNSs hold. However, key changes in practice, technology and human resources are required to maximise the profit-making possibilities offered by Facebook.
    • Woman's Work

      Rushton, Stephanie; University of Derby (2016-09-30)
      An exhibition of photography as the result of an ACE funded 3-week residency at the Airspace Gallery and Potteries Museum in July 2016, looking at gender stereotypes in industry in the Potteries district. The exhibition juxtaposes imagery of women's work from the C19th from the PMAG photographic archive with imagery from 2016 taken by Stephanie Rushton.
    • Women in marketing: a European exploration

      Foster, Carley; Brindley, Clare; Wheatley, Dan; Nottingham Trent University (2011)
    • Women in retail face barriers to progression for working part-time

      Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Whysall, P.; Nottingham Trent University (Chartered Institute of Personnel and DevelopmentLondon, 2006)
    • Women in the marketing profession: an exploration

      Foster, Carley; Wheatley, Dan; Brindley, Clare; Nottingham Trent University (Wiley, 2014-06-25)
      Hunt (2002:305) expounded that a key "recurring theme" in marketing is the gap between the academic discipline and those practising it. When this debate is extrapolated to the issue of marketing careers, then a further side of the prism is exposed, namely what is the gap between what the academic discipline promises in terms of careers and the reality that practice offers. Indeed the debate about whether marketing is a profession (Brown et al, 2005; Enright, 2006) further complicates the topic. A useful starting point is Hagberg and Kjellberg (2010:1036) work which calls for "a broader understanding of marketing practice." It is to this "heterogeneity of marketing practitioners" (Hagberg and Kjellberg,2010:1036) that we subscribe to when undertaking our research. Marketing is considered to be a feminised industry yet there is little knowledge about the careers these women have in the profession. Typically research in the field has focused on the planning and implementation of marketing rather than the experiences of those doing the marketing. Drawing on an analysis of the UK Labour Force Survey this paper argues that women working in marketing are younger and more highly qualified than in other sectors but are less likely to be in senior decision-making roles. A proportion of older women in the industry are also self-employed suggesting that marketing talent may be being lost to corporate marketing but not necessarily to the industry. The paper presents a picture of the employment of women in marketing in the UK and discusses reasons for this and also attempts to contextualise these findings in the profession from a European perspective. Suggestions for future research directions are also given.
    • Women's careers in marketing: self-employment in Europe

      Wheatley, Dan; Foster, Carley; Brindley, Clare; Nottingham Trent University (2011)
      Marketing is considered to be a feminised industry yet there is little knowledge about the careers women have in this sector, especially the self-employed. This paper focuses on women in the marketing sector in six countries from the 2009 EU LFS sample, where countries were selected for analysis on the basis of the Economic Intelligence Unit’s Overall Women’s Economic Opportunity rankings. The analysis builds upon prior work conducted using the UK LFS, to present a picture of the employment of women in marketing within the EU. The EU6 selected are: Belgium, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the UK. Our analysis suggests that women working in marketing are younger and more highly qualified than in other sectors but are less likely to be in senior decision-making roles. A number of older and often highly educated women in the industry, many of which report being married and having dependent children, are self-employed suggesting that marketing talent may be being lost to corporate marketing but not necessarily to the industry. In addition, many of these women report secondary employment, suggesting that this talent may retain close connections with corporate marketing. Overall patterns among self-employed women in marketing are comparable across the EU6 suggesting women face similar working patterns across Europe, but with some important and statistically significant variations. The overall picture is one of women in marketing pursuing self-employment when they reach a particular life and/or career stage for the added flexibility this offers, often driven by caring responsibilities.
    • Wonderland

      Jones, Rhiannon; Nottingham Trent University (2015)
      Wonderland was a research project investigating an artistic methodology into the design of conversation as an artistic practice. The project was launched at New Art Exchange 17 July 2013 to start the 15 month project. It had a specially developed session that considers the impact of modern day life.The public’s voice and ideas were used to provoke a series of events over the duration of 15 months hosted at New Art Exchange to discuss issues that need to be had, from war to politics to Social Cohesion and Restorative Justice. Wonderland: Investing in every part of our diverse heritage and community.The large scale community engaged project embraces learning and participation through the creative arts.Orchestrated by Rhiannon Jones, audience participation was at the heart of all the public events. Key members of the public took part from a wide range of local communities, police force, social workers, academics, refugee organisation, local politicians, local resident and tenants group members, charity organisations, international community representatives, artists, residents, students and writers.Wonderland delivered a series of 90 workshops for diverse community and social groups from across Nottingham city and county. It directly engaged with over 1500 members of the public who attended a range of workshops, live vocal events and pop up exhibitions hosted across the city of Nottingham. These voices and ideas were used to provoke a series of VOCAL events hosted at New Art Exchange to discuss issues that need to be had, from war to politics to Social Cohesion and Restorative Justice. The large scale community engaged project embraces learning and participation through the creative arts, hosted by NAE until summer 2014. Wonderland commissioned 3 artist residences and other training opportunities for emerging artists and graduates. There was a public exhibition of work at Bromley House in 2014. Permanent totem pole sculptures have been installed across the Meadows area in the city. Impact of the research has resulted in two permanent public art sculptures in the city of Nottingham. The international paper delivered at Cumulus Portugal and the findings of the project fed into the PhD research The Artistry of Conversation (2016) The hopes and dreams of Nottingham’s many voices were gathered, discussed and this project stimulated different perspectives through participation and engagement. Rhiannon said a key aspect to the project’s success was its inclusiveness.“ Everyone’s voice matters and can be shared through participating in workshops, vocal events, and large exhibition in summer 2014 at NAE. The project aims to bring people together who care about the impact of modern-day on the people from Nottingham and to give time for everyone to reflect and come together through art to share hopes and aspirations for the future.” Having an honest discussion that challenges us to understand and rethink society in a safe place is an important moment.“As an art space we would encourage creative interventions including debates from diverse communities in order to stimulate new art that transcends and produces knowledge and understanding to create a better place for future generations,” Chief Executive, New Art Exchange, Skinder Hundal.