• D.I.Y: Hydrophonics.

      Locke, Caroline; University of Derby; University of Chichester (University of Chichester, 2015)
      D.I.Y Too is a new book about “do it yourself” performance, with contributions made by over 30 arts practitioners and collectives. It's a sequel of sorts - or rather; a continuation - to a recent text that platformed a growing community of voices in theatre, art, dance and performance making. Its aim is to articulate and contextualise an ethos and practice within contemporary art called "DIY" theatre and performance. This book is a text that provokes, prescribes, instructs, argues, plays, advises, promotes and describes. Its emphasis is on how theatre makers can encourage and evolve performance making by sharing their theories and practices, to help empower more artists to engage with this way of working. Critically (or theoretically) this book addresses a wide range of perspectives on "DIY" theatre and performance and identifies key axioms and dichotomies between ethos and style. Contributors: Accidental Collective: Pippa Bailey: Simon Bowes: Daniel Bye: Karen Christopher: Helen Cole: Dirty Market: Fictional Dogshelf: Emma Frankland and Keir Cooper: Gob Squad: Donald Hutera: Mamoru Iriguchi: Dan Koop: Lila Dance: Caroline Locke: LOW PROFILE: Rachel Mars: Harun Morrison: Hannah Nicklin: Joseph O'Farrell (JOF): Paper Cinema: Patternfight: Plastic Castles: Sh!t Theatre: Sleeping Trees: Sleepwalk Collective: Tassos Stevens: Shamira Turner, Little Bulb: Uninvited Guests: Hannah Jane Walker: Melanie Wilson: Greg Wohead: Caroline Wright and Helen Paris.
    • The dangerous rise of therapeutic education

      Hayes, Dennis; Ecclestone, Kathryn; Oxford Brookes University (Routledge, 2008-06)
      The silent ascendancy of a therapeutic ethos across the education system and into the workplace demands a book that serves as a wake up call to everyone. Kathryn Ecclestone and Dennis Hayes' controversial and compelling book uses a wealth of examples across the education system, from primary schools to university, and the workplace to show how therapeutic education is turning children, young people and adults into anxious and self-preoccupied individuals rather than aspiring, optimistic and resilient learners who want to know everything about the world. The chapters address a variety of thought-provoking themes, including •how therapeutic ideas from popular culture dominate social thought and social policies and offer a diminished view of human potential •how schools undermine parental confidence and authority by fostering dependence and compulsory participation in therapeutic activities based on disclosing emotions to others •how higher education has adopted therapeutic forms of teacher training because many academics have lost faith in the pursuit of knowledge •how such developments are propelled by a deluge of political initiatives in areas such as emotional literacy, emotional well-being and the 'soft outcomes' of learning The Dangerous Rise of Therapeutic Education is eye-opening reading for every teacher, student teacher and parent who retains any belief in the power of knowledge to transform people's lives. Its insistent call for a serious public debate about the emotional state of education should also be at the forefront of the minds of every agent of change in society… from parent to policy maker.
    • The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm.

      Gilbert, Paul; McEwan, Kirsten; Bellew, Rebecca; Mills, Alison; Gale, Corinne; University of Derby (British Psychological Society, 2009-06)
      This study was guided by the social rank theory of depression and aimed to explore the relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and self‐harm with striving to avoid inferiority, feelings of shame and styles of attachment. Participants diagnosed with depression (n=62) completed a series of questionnaires measuring striving to avoid inferiority, fears of missing out, being overlooked and active rejection, attachment, social rank and psychopathologies. Striving to avoid inferiority was significantly linked to social rank variables and anxious attachment. Mediator analyses revealed that the relationship between striving to avoid inferiority and depression was mediated by the social rank variable of external shame, and also anxious attachment. These findings suggest that elevated competitive behaviour can have a ‘dark side’. When people feel insecure in their social environments, it can focus them on a hierarchical view of themselves and others, with a fear of rejection if they feel they have become too inferior or subordinate. This may increase vulnerability to depression, anxiety and stress.
    • Data floes: Polar science as catalyst for the arts

      Locke, Caroline; University of Derby (British Antarctic Survey, 2016-10-20)
      In the Autumn of 2016 Locke was invited to participate in a half day workshop where artists and scientists talked together about how they use climate and environmental data sets to explore issues around the communication of science. The workshop took place as part of The Cambridge Festival of Ideas and was an opportunity to meet and share information with researchers from different disciplines whose work involves creating awareness and understanding of nature and science. Connections were made with climate scientists. Consultation began here with Dr Gareth Rees (Cambridge University) and his research into remote sensing techniques and the monitoring of the dynamics of Arctic glaciated and vegetated terrain. This later became an important connection. Locke worked in consultation with Gareth, who facilitated her links with The Norwegian Polar Institute and The Arctic University of Norway in 2020. Data floes: polar science as catalyst for the arts ended with an evening public event as part of The Festival of Ideas.
    • Dead, dead, dead, dead, dead.

      Baker, Steve; University of Derby (Routledge, 2014-04-24)
    • Decadal environmental ‘memory’ in a reef coral?

      Brown, Barbara E.; Dunne, Richard P.; Edwards, Alasdair J.; Sweet, Michael J.; Phongsuwan, Niphon; University of Derby (Springer, 2014-12-12)
      West sides of the coral Coelastrea aspera, which had achieved thermo-tolerance after previous experience of high solar irradiance in the field, were rotated through 180o on a reef flat in Phuket, Thailand (7o50´N, 98o25.5´E), in 2000 in a manipulation experiment and secured in this position. In 2010, elevated sea temperatures caused extreme bleaching in these corals, with former west sides of colonies (now facing east) retaining four times higher symbiont densities than the east sides of control colonies, which had not been rotated and which had been subject to a lower irradiance environment than west sides throughout their lifetime. The reduced bleaching susceptibility of the former west sides in 2010, compared to handling controls, suggests that the rotated corals had retained a ‘memory’ of their previous high irradiance history despite living under lower irradiance for 10 years. Such long-term retention of an environmental ‘memory’ raises important questions about the acclimatisation potential of reef corals in a changing climate and the mechanisms by which it is achieved.
    • Decent work in the UK: Context, conceptualization, and assessment

      Dodd, Vanessa Nichole; Hooley, Tristram; Burke, Ciaran; University of Derby; Nottingham Trent University (Elsevier, 2019-04-03)
      Access to decent work is an important goal for policymakers and for individuals navigating theirworking lives. Decent work is a career goal for individuals and a priority for many employers andpolicy makers seeking to promote social justice. Decent work forms part of the United Nationssustainable development goals and the International Labor Organisation's (ILO) Decent WorkAgenda. Thefindings of the Taylor Review (2017) have helped to prioritize decent work as apolicy aim for the current UK government.Although macro-level indicators have been well developed to monitor access to decent work,there have been few studies which attempt to understand decent work at the individual level. Asa result, our studies explore the measurement and definition of decent work in the UK. Study 1investigates whether the Decent Work Scale (DWS) is a valid measure for use in the UK and Study2 uses a qualitative approach to further understand what decent work means to working peoplein the UK. Study results may have implications for the assessment and conceptualization of de-cent work among this specific population.
    • Decision making for risk evaluation: integration of prospect theory with failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA)

      Sagnak, M; Kazancoglu, Y; Ozkan Ozen, Y.D; Garza-Reyes, J.A.; Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey; Yasar University, Izmir, Turkey; University of Derby (Emerald, 2020-08-22)
      The aim of the present study is to overcome some of the limitations of the FMEA method by presenting a theoretical base for considering risk evaluation into its assessment methodology and proposing an approach for its implementation. Fuzzy AHP is used to calculate the weights of the likelihood of occurrence (O), severity (S) and difficulty of detection (D). Additionally, the Prospect Theory-based TODIM method was integrated with fuzzy logic. Thus, fuzzy TODIM was employed to calculate the ranking of potential failure modes according to their RPNs. In order to verify the results of the study, in-depth interviews were conducted with the participation of industry experts. The results are very much in line with Prospect Theory. Therefore, practitioners may apply the proposed method to FMEA. The most crucial failure mode for a firm’s attention is furnace failure followed by generator failure, crane failure, tank failure, kettle failure, dryer failure, and operator failure, respectively. The originality of this paper consists in integrating Prospect Theory with the FMEA method in order to overcome the limitations naturally inherent in the calculation of the FMEA’s Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs).
    • Decision modeling for evaluating risks in pharmaceutical supply chains

      Moktadir, M. A.; Ali, S; Kumar Mangla, S; Sharmy, T; Luthra, S; Mishra, N; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo (Emerald, 2018-01)
      Purpose - Managing risks is becoming a highly focused activity in the health service sector. In particular, due to the complex nature of processes in the pharmaceutical industry, several risks have been associated to its supply chains. This paper therefore aims at identifying and analyzing the risks occurring in the supply chains of the pharmaceutical industry and proposing a decision model, based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, for evaluating risks in pharmaceutical supply chains. Design/methodology/approach – The proposed model was developed based on the Delphi method and AHP techniques. The Delphi method helped to select the relevant risks associated to pharmaceutical supply chains. Sixteen sub-risks within four main risks were identified through an extensive review of the literature and by conducting a further investigation with experts from five pharmaceutical companies in Bangladesh. AHP contributed to the analysis of the risks and determination of their priorities. Findings – The results of the study indicated that supply related risks such as fluctuation in imports arrival, lack of information sharing, key supplier failure and non-availability of materials should be prioritised over operational, financial and demand related risks. Originality/value – This work is one of the initial contributions in the literature that focused on identifying and evaluating PSC risks in the context of Bangladesh. This research work can assist practitioners and industrial managers in the pharmaceutical industry in taking proactive action to minimize its supply chain risks. To the end, we performed a sensitivity analysis test, which gives an understanding of the stability of ranking of risks.
    • Decision policy scenarios for just-in-sequence deliveries: A supply chain fluidity approach

      Cedillo-Campos, Miguel Gaston; Morones Ruelas, Dario; Lizarraga-Lizarraga, Giovanni; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Mexican Institute of Transportation; CEVA Logistics; Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; Ecole des Mines de Saint-Étienne; University of Derby (OmniaScience, 2018)
      Purpose: The Just-in-Sequence (JIS) approach is evidencing advantages when controlling costs due to product variety management, and reducing the risk of disruption in sourcing, manufacturing companies and third-party logistics (3PL). This has increased its implementation in the manufacturing industry, especially in highly customized sectors such as the automotive industry. However, despite the growing interest from manufacturers, scholarly research focused on JIS still remains limited. In this context, little has been done to study the effect of JIS on the fluidity of supply chains and processes of logistics suppliers as well as providing them with a decision making tool to optimise the sequencing of their deliveries. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to propose a genetic algorithm to evaluate different decision policy scenarios to reduce risks of supply disruptions at assembly line of finished goods. Consequently, the proposed algorithm considers a periodic review of the inventory that assumes a steady demand and short response times is developed and applied. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a literature review and real-life information, an abductive reasoning was performed and a case study application of the proposed genetic algorithm conducted in the automotive industry. Findings: The results obtained from the case study indicate that the proposed genetic algorithm offers a reliable solution when facing variability in safety stocks that operate under assumptions such as: i) fixed costs; ii) high inventory turnover; iii) scarce previous information concerning material requirements; and iv) replenishment services as core business value. Although the results are based on an automotive industry case study, they are equally applicable to other assembly supply chains. Originality/value: This paper is of interest to practitioners and academicians alike as it complements and supports the very limited scholarly research on JIS by providing manufacturers and 3PL suppliers competing in mass customized industries and markets, a decision support system to help decision making. Implications for the design of modern assembly supply chains are also exposed and future research streams presented.
    • A decision-support framework for lean, agile and green practices in product life cycle stages

      Udokporo, Chinonso; Anosike, Anthony; Lim, Ming; University of Derby; Coventry University (Taylor & Francis, 2020-05-19)
      Improving operations performance is often achieved through the application of practices such as Lean, Agility and Green (LAG) practices. However, the wide choice of LAG practices available to address customer requirements can be challenging for those with limited knowledge of LAG practices and their efficacy. Therefore, this research provides a framework for selecting appropriate LAG practices that considers product life cycle (PLC) stages for more effective application of practices. The framework was developed following thorough literature review to capture LAG practices. These form the basis for decision making tools incorporated within the framework including an analytic hierarchy process (AHP), statistical inference and regression analysis, ensuring a systematic approach to the analysis and decision support. The framework was verified and validated through a Delphi study and case study respectively. This research makes a contribution to the body of knowledge by providing a framework which could serve as a guide for businesses in the fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry to systematically integrate and adopt LAG to better manage their processes and meet customer requirements.
    • Decoding the Australian electricity market: New evidence from three-regime hidden semi-Markov model.

      Apergis, Nicholas; Gozgor, Giray; Lau, Chi Keung Marco; Wang, Shixuan; University of Piraeus; Istanbul Medeniyet University; University of Huddersfield; University of Reading (Elsevier, 2018-11-01)
      The hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM) is more flexible than the hidden Markov model (HMM). As an extension of the HMM, the sojourn time distribution in the HSMM can be explicitly specified by any distribution, either nonparametric or parametric, facilitating the modelling for the stylised features of electricity prices, such as the short-lived spike and the time-varying mean. By using a three-regime HSMM, this paper investigates the hidden regimes in five Australian States (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Tasmania), spanning the period from June 8, 2008 to July 3, 2016. Based on the estimation results, we find evidence that the three hidden regimes correspond to a low-price regime, a high-price regime, and a spike regime. Running the decoding algorithm, the analysis systemically finds the timing of the three regimes, and thus, we link the empirical results to the policy changes in the Australian National Electricity Market. We further discuss the contributing factors for the different characteristics of the Australian electricity markets at the state-level.
    • Decommissioning normal: COVID‐19 as a disruptor of school norms for young people with learning disabilities

      Beaton, Mhairi C.; Codina, Geraldene N.; Wharton, Julie C.; University of Derby; University of Winchester; Leeds Beckett University (Wiley, 2021-06-02)
      To slow the spread of COVID-19, on 20 March 2020, nurseries, schools and colleges across England were closed to all learners, apart from those who were children of key workers or were considered “vulnerable.” As young people with learning disabilities, families, professionals and schools become acquainted with the Erfahrung of the new horizon brought about by COVID-19, the negativity of altered social inclusion is becoming the “new normal.” Capturing this transitory moment in time, this paper reflexively analyses the curiously productive variables of altered ecological pathways to social inclusion for people with learning disabilities. Taking a hermeneutic stance, this paper draws on Gadamer's construction of the nature of new experiences. Focussed on the experience of social inclusion during the COVID-19 pandemic, semi-structured interviews were conducted with six key stakeholders. As the phenomenon in question was new, an inductive approach to thematic analysis was applied. The critical tenet of this paper is that the Erfahrung of COVID-19 has created the conditions for a “new normal” which have afforded children with learning disabilities altered opportunities for social inclusion, whether that be through increased power/agency for them and their families and/or new modes of connectedness leading to enhanced relationships. Whilst the impact of COVID-19 has been a negative one for many aspects of society, application of Simplican and Gadamer's theories on social inclusion and the nature of new experiences has permitted the surfacing of new possibilities for the social inclusion of children with learning disabilities.
    • Deep and disturbed: conditions for formation and eruption of a mingled rhyolite at Ascension Island, south Atlantic

      Chamberlain, Katy J.; Barclay, Jenni; Preece, Katie; Brown, Richard J.; McIntosh, Iona; EIMF; University of Derby; University of East Anglia; Swansea University; Durham University; et al. (Presses universitaires de Strasbourg, 2020-05-05)
      The generation of felsic melts (through open or closed system processes) within ocean island volcanoes has been a key area of study since their identification. At Ascension Island in the south Atlantic, explosively erupted felsic melts have, to date, demonstrated a marked absence of signs of magma mixing and crustal assimilation. Here we present the first observations of a fall deposit from Ascension Island recording both macro- and micro-scale evidence for magma mingling. Geochemical analyses of mineral and glass phases, coupled with volatile concentrations of melt inclusions highlight the role of lower-crustal partial melting to produce rhyolitic magmas. Glass textures and the lack of zoning in major mineral phases indicate that mingling with a mafic melt occurred shortly prior to eruption. These inferences of a deep rhyolite production zone, coupled with rapid ascent rates highlight the challenges in forecasting a similar style of eruption at Ascension Island in the future.
    • Deep Space

      Crossley, John; University of Derby (Sound on Sound Ltd., 2015)
      For this ambitious project, John Crossley had a full live band play through a 16-speaker system, to create an immersive performance inspired by the Rosetta spacecraft’s journey through the solar system.
    • Defining contributions: inspiration driving original research.

      Abbas, Jabbar; Blood, Kate; Coulbert, Esme; Dallabona, Alice; Gamble, Rebecca; Roddis, Melissa; Silcock, Neil; Wijetunge, Nishan; Nottingham Trent University (Nottingham Trent University, 2012)
      Defining Contributions: Inspiration Driving Original Research was a postgraduate conference held at Nottingham Trent University on 18th May 2012. This conference was part of the Research Practice Course (RPC) in which students engage with research methods, theories and philosophies alongside their individual PhD research. This conference was organised by the third year students, papers were given by the second year students, and posters were presented by the first year students. This conference also included a paper from guest speaker Julius Ayodeji and was open for attendees from across the University. Publishing articles and presenting conference papers is an important component of any PhD programme. In view of this, the aim of this conference was to provide students with the opportunity to present a piece of useful material linked to their research in front of an audience within the friendly framework of the University, before embarking on the wider world of national and international conferences and publishing. This conference encouraged new multi-disciplinary papers about the originality, motivations, inspirations and contributions of students research.
    • Defining Landscape Resistance Values in Least-Cost Connectivity Models for the Invasive Grey Squirrel: A Comparison of Approaches Using Expert-Opinion and Habitat Suitability Modelling

      Stevenson, Claire D.; Watts, Kevin; Bellamy, Chloe; Nevin, Owen T.; Ramsey, Andrew; University of Derby (PLOS, 2014-11-07)
      Least-cost models are widely used to study the functional connectivity of habitat within a varied landscape matrix. A critical step in the process is identifying resistance values for each land cover based upon the facilitating or impeding impact on species movement. Ideally resistance values would be parameterised with empirical data, but due to a shortage of such information, expert-opinion is often used. However, the use of expert-opinion is seen as subjective, human-centric and unreliable. This study derived resistance values from grey squirrel habitat suitability models (HSM) in order to compare the utility and validity of this approach with more traditional, expert-led methods. Models were built and tested with MaxEnt, using squirrel presence records and a categorical land cover map for Cumbria, UK. Predictions on the likelihood of squirrel occurrence within each land cover type were inverted, providing resistance values which were used to parameterise a leastcost model. The resulting habitat networks were measured and compared to those derived from a least-cost model built with previously collated information from experts. The expert-derived and HSM-inferred least-cost networks differ in precision. The HSM-informed networks were smaller and more fragmented because of the higher resistance values attributed to most habitats. These results are discussed in relation to the applicability of both approaches for conservation and management objectives, providing guidance to researchers and practitioners attempting to apply and interpret a leastcost approach to mapping ecological networks.
    • Defining the female artist: Marion Adnams and surrealism

      Forde, Teresa; University of Derby (07/03/2018)
      Marion Adnams’ work can be placed into different periods and subject matter and curating her work involves making decisions about such criteria. But to what extent are wider grouping useful in defining an artist’s work and does placing Marion Adnams in the context of Surrealism offer any insights into her practice? The relationship of women artists to Surrealism and the female/male dichotomies within the movement will be considered in relation to the ways in which they resonate with motifs and themes within Marion Adnams’ own work. French Surrealism was largely envisaged as a collective movement, encapsulated in its British counterpart in the work of artists such as Nash and Agar, in painting, found objects and poetry, which may provide an understanding of Marion’s individual yet surrealist approach to her work.
    • ‘A definite feel-it moment’: Embodiment, externalization and emotion during chair-work in compassion-focused therapy

      Bell, Tobyn; Montague, Jane; Elander, James; Gilbert, Paul; University of Derby (Wiley, 2019-07-08)
      Chair-work is an experiential method used within compassion-focused therapy (CFT) to apply compassion to various aspects of the self. This is the first study of CFT chair-work and is focused on clients’ lived experiences of a chair-work intervention for self-criticism. Twelve participants with depression were interviewed following the chair-work intervention and the resulting data was examined using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Three superordinate themes were identified: ‘embodiment and enactment’, ‘externalizing the self in physical form’ and ‘emotional intensity’. The findings suggest the importance of accessing and expressing various emotions connected with self-criticism, whilst highlighting the potential for client distress and avoidance during the intervention. The role of embodying, enacting and physically situating aspects of the self in different chairs is also suggested to be an important mechanism of change in CFT chair-work. The findings are discussed in terms of clinical implications, emphasizing how core CFT concepts and practices are facilitated by the chair-work process.