• Caenorhabditis elegans, a model organism for investigating immunity.

      Marsh, Elizabeth K; May, Robin C; University of Birmingham (2012-03-09)
      The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been a powerful experimental organism for almost half a century. Over the past 10 years, researchers have begun to exploit the power of C. elegans to investigate the biology of a number of human pathogens. This work has uncovered mechanisms of host immunity and pathogen virulence that are analogous to those involved during pathogenesis in humans or other animal hosts, as well as novel immunity mechanisms which appear to be unique to the worm. More recently, these investigations have uncovered details of the natural pathogens of C. elegans, including the description of a novel intracellular microsporidian parasite as well as new nodaviruses, the first identification of viral infections of this nematode. In this review, we consider the application of C. elegans to human infectious disease research, as well as consider the nematode response to these natural pathogens.
    • A cage for the muse and the limits of invention

      Brown, Michael; Wilson, Chris; University of Derby (KIE Conference Publications, 2016)
      This paper explores the notion that creativity in the arts, particularly music, benefits from constraints. Expressive freedom is often fostered within education to encourage the pursuit of artistic individualism, but straying too far from stylistic norms can often engender incoherence. This paper does not challenge the breaking of rules that define a style nor does it denigrate the benefits that may arise from conflicting ideas and unusual combinations, but explores the virtue and benefits of boundaries and suggests that freedom, from a creative perspective, is often an illusory construct; strong creative identities are achievable through and often defined by creative constraints. Conclusions focus on the potential profits of constraints that bind expressive ideas and the function and virtue of intuition within the creative process; theorizing upon whether creative confinement, or the awareness thereof, is ultimately a liberating or inhibiting experience. We determine that artistic creative freedom as a concept may indeed be illusory, but the perception of freedom for some is a necessary ingredient in the creative act.
    • Can (unusual) weather conditions in New York predict South African stock returns?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Gupta, Ragan; University of Piraeus; University of Pretoria (Elsevier, 2017-05-03)
      This paper investigates the explanatory power of certain weather variables, measured as deviations from their monthly averages, in a leading international financial trading centre, i.e., New York, for South African stock returns, over the daily period January 2nd, 1973 to December, 31, 2015. The empirical results highlight that these unusual deviations of weather variables have a statistically significant negative effect on the stock returns in South Africa, indicating that unusual weather conditions in New York can be used to predict South African stock returns, which otherwise seems to be highly unpredictable. In fact, a forecasting exercise recommends that a trading rule that considers those weather variables through a GARCH modelling approach seems to outperform the random walk model and thus beat the market.
    • Can aspiration kill local community? Challenges for young people and career practitioners in Sri Lanka

      Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, iCeGS (NICEC, 2013-10)
      Raising aspiration is a primary focus of careers work. However, in some circumstances enhanced aspirations may create tensions in situations of limited accessible opportunity. Additionally focusing on the autonomy of the individual and their choice can impact more broadly on local community. This article will explore the importance of locating career guidance in context, specifically in relation to some of the issues facing career practitioners working in Sri Lanka. These practitioners seek to inspire young people to a range of careers whilst remaining conscious of the individual and local impacts that may result. It will consider the concept of 'foundation' which encompasses the physical, social, religious and spiritual, cultural and political environment and the role this might play in providing a holistic model for career guidance.
    • Can compassion, happiness and sympathetic concern be differentiated on the basis of facial expression?

      Condliffe, Otto; Maratos, Frances A.; University of Shanghai; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2020-04-11)
      Recent research has demonstrated the importance of positive emotions, and especially compassion, for well-being. Via two investigations, we set out to determine if facial expressions of happiness, “kind” compassion and sympathetic concern can be distinguished, given limitations of previous research. In investigation one, prototypes of the three expressions were analysed for similarities and differences using the facial action coding system (FACS) by two certified independent coders. Results established that each expression comprised distinct FACS units. Thus, in investigation 2, a new photographic stimulus set was developed using a gender/racially balanced group of actors to pose these expressions of “kind” compassion, happiness, sympathetic concern, and the face in a relaxed/neutral pose. 75 participants were then asked to name the FACS generated expressions using not only forced categorical quantitative ratings but, importantly, free response. Results revealed that kind compassionate facial expressions: (i) engendered words associated with contented and affiliative emotions (although, interestingly, not the word “kind”); (ii) were labelled as compassionate significantly more often than any of the other emotional expressions; but (iii) in common with happiness expressions, engendered happiness word groupings and ratings. Findings have implications for understandings of positive emotions, including specificity of expressions and their veridicality.
    • Can flow state enhance learning on culinary arts programmes?

      Cseh, Leonard; University of Derby, Buxton (Council for Hospitality Management Education, 2012-05-09)
      The research conducted investigates who is marketing what, to whom, and why. Finally conclusions/theories will be suggested as to the future of a ‘new’ form of culinary artistry as a form of academic rigour and relevance in terms of sustainability and growth of a 20 credit framework. “Repression is not the way to virtue. When people restrain themselves out of fear, their lives are by necessity diminished. Only through freely chosen discipline can life be enjoyed and still kept within the bounds of reason."[ Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1998)
    • Can gold prices forecast the Australian dollar movements?

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Elsevier, 2014-05-07)
      This paper explores whether gold prices have a reliable out-of-sample relationship with the Australian dollar/US dollar nominal and real exchange rates using daily and quarterly data, respectively, spanning the period 2000–2012. Through an Error Correction Model (ECM), the empirical findings suggest that the out-of-sample predictive ability is strong and robust across short- and long-run horizons. The results could offer informational availability for monetary policymakers, hedge fund managers and international portfolio managers. They also provide additional support to the hypothesis that both markets are driven by the same information sets.
    • Can I help you? Exploring service quality in a health and beauty retailer

      Resnick, Sheilagh; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2010)
    • ‘Can I play with madness?'.The psychopathy of Evil, leadership, and political mis-management.

      Faulkner, Frank; University of Derby, Society, Religion and Belief Research Group (Rodopi Press, 2010-06)
      This paper will examine the psychopathy of evil as an aspect of political leadership, and noting Machiavelli’s treatment of the subject as it applies to leaders, often juxtaposed by Chomsky’s pronouncements. The rationale for this approach is within the observation that GW Bush and A Blair, as contemporary examples, have evaded prosecution for civilian deaths in Iraq, despite mounting evidence that they are directly responsible for the conduct of the Coalition military in that region. The above must be viewed in the context of opposition groups, such as Stop the War, The Lancet medical journal, Iraqbodycount.com, and Military Families Against the War, as supposed moral entrepreneurs and self-appointed ethical guardians, who consistently argue for an immediate withdrawal of troops amid mounting concern over non-combatant casualties. Moreover, evil as a concept in this scenario is apparently being ‘normalised’ in the media as an everyday or trivial event, often below celebrity indiscretions in news running orders. So, is this a deliberate ’downplaying’ of evil, or merely an acceptance of the banality of pernicious political leadership? This paper will unearth the facts versus the rhetoric, and come to a suitable judgement based on available evidence.
    • Can the Covid-19 pandemic and oil prices drive the US partisan conflict index?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Apergis, Emmanuel; University of Derby; University of Huddersfield (Asia-Pacific Applied Economics Association, 2020-05-29)
      This paper investigates the effect of the Covid-19 and oil prices on the US partisan conflict. Using daily data on world Covid-19 and oil prices, monthly data on the US Partisan Conflict index, January 21 to April 30, 2020, and the MIDAS method, the findings document that both Covid-19 and oil prices mitigate US political polarization. The findings imply that political leaders aim low for partisan gains during stressful times.
    • Can we work together and still be friends?

      Poultney, Val; University of Derby (2011-04)
      Recently at my institution, the University of Derby, we have recognised a burgeoning increase in the number of academic staff undertaking postgraduate courses which requires tutoring or supervision from other academic colleagues. Increasingly the postgraduate team is undertaking ‘colleague to colleague’ supervision for Master’s and Doctoral programmes. While this may be nothing new in Higher Education (HE) institutions I was interested in some of the ways in which this pedagogy impacted on professional relationships. There appeared to be little written in the academic literature at least about ‘colleague to colleague’ supervision, but at a recent University Council for the Education of Teachers (UCET) conference the theme was widely recognised by many university staff. There are increasing constraints on the CPD budgets in secondary schools that goes nowhere near covering professional development requirements for all staff. Schools must therefore turn ‘in house’ and make full use of existing teacher capacity to cover the shortfall perhaps under the auspices of coaching and mentoring. This drive for getting ‘value for money’ would require teachers to work more closely together, perhaps on a one to one basis over longer periods of time. How do teachers manage one to one professional relationships; which can be improved when they work but difficult to sustain if they do not.
    • Captive rearing of the deep-sea coral Eguchipsammia fistula from the Red Sea demonstrates remarkable physiological plasticity

      Roik, Anna; Röthig, Till; Roder, Cornelia; Müller, Paul J.; Voolstra, Christian R.; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST); Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia; Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia; Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia; Coastal and Marine Resources Core Lab, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia; et al. (2015-01-20)
      The presence of the cosmopolitan deep-sea coral Eguchipsammia fistula has recently been documented in the Red Sea, occurring in warm (>20 ◦C), oxygen- and nutrient-limited habitats. We collected colonies of this species from the central Red Sea that successfully resided in aquaria for more than one year. During this period the corals were exposed to increased oxygen levels and nutrition ad libitum unlike in their natural habitat. Specimens of long-term reared E. fistula colonies were incubated for 24 h and calcification (G) as well as respiration rates (R) were measured. In comparison to on-board measurements of G and R rates on freshly collected specimens, we found that G was increased while R was decreased. E. fistula shows extensive tissue growth and polyp proliferation in aquaculture and can be kept at conditions that notably differ from its natural habitat. Its ability to cope with rapid and prolonged changes in regard to prevailing environmental conditions indicates a wide physiological plasticity. This may explain in part the cosmopolitan distribution of this species and emphasizes its value as a deep-sea coral model to study mechanisms of acclimation and adaptation.
    • Capturing attention in the epoch of the media savvy

      Benedetto, Stephen Di; Oddey, Alison; White, Christine; University of Derby (Intellect, 2013-07-01)
      There has been a revolution in the critical scholarship concerning the altered ways in which we describe and theorize the designed visual elements of production, artworks and events. No longer are we satisfied with the boundaries between installation, live performance, television and cinema. Like our media-savvy contemporary audiences, artists are experimenting with novel combinations of media to create new collaborative relationships between artists and audiences.
    • Capturing habitus: theory, method and reflexivity.

      Costa, Cristina; Burke, Ciaran; Murphy, Mark; University of Strathclyde; University of Derby; University of Glasgow; School of Education, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Taylor and Francis, 2018-01-11)
      Bourdieu’s career long endeavour was to devise both theoretical and methodological tools that could apprehend and explain the social world and its mechanisms of cultural (re)production and related forms of domination. Amongst the several key concepts developed by Bourdieu, habitus has gained prominence as both a research lens and a research instrument useful to enter individuals’ trajectories and ‘histories’ of practices. While much attention has been paid to the theoretical significance of habitus, less emphasis has been placed on its methodological implications. This paper explores the application of the concept of habitus as both theory and method across two sub-fields of educational research: graduate employment and digital scholarship practices. The findings of this reflexive testing of habitus suggest that bridging the theory-method comes with its own set of challenges for the researcher; challenges which reveal the importance of taking the work of application seriously in research settings.
    • Capturing user sentiments for online Indian movie reviews.

      Trivedi, Shrawan Kumar; Dey, Shubhamoy; Kumar, Anil; Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Sirmaur, India; Indian Institute of Management Indore, Indore, India; University of Derby; Department of IT and Systems, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Sirmaur, India; Department of Information Systems, Indian Institute of Management Indore, Indore, India; Department of Decision Science, BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India (Emerald Insight, 2018-08-06)
      Sentiment analysis and opinion mining are emerging areas of research for analysing Web data and capturing users’ sentiments. This research aims to present sentiment analysis of an Indian movie review corpus using natural language processing and various machine learning classifiers. In this paper, a comparative study between three machine learning classifiers (Bayesian, naïve Bayesian and support vector machine [SVM]) was performed. All the classifiers were trained on the words/features of the corpus extracted, using five different feature selection algorithms (Chi-square, info-gain, gain ratio, one-R and relief-F [RF] attributes), and a comparative study was performed between them. The classifiers and feature selection approaches were evaluated using different metrics (F-value, false-positive [FP] rate and training time).The results of this study show that, for the maximum number of features, the RF feature selection approach was found to be the best, with better F-values, a low FP rate and less time needed to train the classifiers, whereas for the least number of features, one-R was better than RF. When the evaluation was performed for machine learning classifiers, SVM was found to be superior, although the Bayesian classifier was comparable with SVM. This is a novel research where Indian review data were collected and then a classification model for sentiment polarity (positive/negative) was constructed.
    • Carbon dioxide emissions intensity convergence: Evidence from central American countries

      Apergis, Nicholas; Payne, James; University of Derby; University of Texas, El Paso (Frontiers, 2020-01-08)
      This paper extends the literature on the convergence of carbon dioxide emissions intensity and its determinants (energy intensity and the carbonization index) for six Central American countries over the period 1971 to 2014. Using the Phillips-Sul club convergence approach, the results indicate two distinct convergence clubs with respect to carbon dioxide emissions intensity and energy intensity with the first convergence club consisting of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras and the second convergence club consisting of Nicaragua and Panama. However, in the case of the carbonization index, only one convergence club emerges that includes Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua with Panama exhibiting non-convergent behavior.
    • Care + attend.

      Watts, Lisa; University of Derby (Society of Artistic Research, 2015-02)
      Care + Attend comprises a constellation of fragments and extracts - of different intensities and durations - where the exposition of research emerges as poetic and performative, generating moments of potential resonance and dialogue. We explore the theme Unconditional Love through the principles (perhaps even methodologies) of care and attention, as applied within specific (artistic) practices of both the everyday and of the self. Beginning with the observation that both curate and curiosity have shared etymology in the term ‘care’, Care + Attend seeks to develop a research vocabulary based on receptivity, openness, fidelity, integrity, intimacy, friendship and commitment (whilst not ignoring the parallel principles of distraction, inattention, the act of closing one’s eyes or of looking away). Cocker and Lee have invited a range of artists & writers to share and reflect on their own processes, philosophies and politics of care and attention, and to present these through live performance, screenings and spoken word. Contributors include Kate Briggs, Daniela Cascella, Belén Cerezo, Emma Cocker, Steve Dutton + Neil Webb, Victoria Gray, Rob Flint, Mark Leahy, Joanne Lee, Martin Lewis, Sarat Maharaj, Brigid McLeer, Hester Reeve, and Lisa Watts [Society for Artistic Research website].
    • Care of the person with dementia : interprofessional practice and education

      Forman, Dawn; Pond, Dimity; University of Derby; Newcastle University Australia (Cambridge University Press, 2015-11)
      Care of the Person with Dementia responds to the urgent need for health practitioners to take an innovative approach to the challenge of dementia. The first Australian text of its kind, it combines evidence-based resources with interprofessional education and practice, exploring the ethical, social and environmental repercussions of dementia to provide a comprehensive overview of dementia care in an Australian context. The text is structured around a model of interprofessional education and practice (IPE) tailored to dementia care. This model incorporates the context of care, an important element missing from other recognised models of IPE. Throughout the book, principles of IPE are explained within the context of dementia, drawing on exemplars from a body of current, well-researched and evaluated dementia practice. Written by experienced academics, and providing national and international perspectives, this is a unique and crucial resource to develop collaborative skills and professional knowledge in the management of dementia.
    • Career capital: Building our mobility within an evolving world of work.

      Brown, Cathy; Wond, Tracey; University of Derby (The Career Development Institute, 2018-04)
    • Career development in Canada

      Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, 2013-11-19)
      This report sets out the findings from a research study visit that I (Tristram Hooley) undertook in Canada during the summer of 2011. The study visit was made possible by the generous funding of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust. During the visit I was able to explore the career development systems in five Canadian provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia). I was also able to briefly visit another two provinces (Prince Edward Island and Quebec) and to talk to a number of organisations with national remits.