• The impact of supply chain integration on performance: Evidence from the UK food sector

      Kumar, Vikas; Chibuzo, Esinaulo Nwakama; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumari, Archana; Rocha-Lona, Luis; Lopez-Torres, Gabriela Citlalli; University of the West of England; University of Warwick; University of Derby; Instituto Politécnico Nacional; et al. (Elsevier, 2017-09)
      Supply chain Integration has emerged as a major field of interest over the years that involve the strategic alignment of functions and processes within an organization. However, there have been major debates regarding the true design of the kinds of integration that would lead to performance of supply chains. This study develops a conceptual framework from the literature and defines four constructs of integration (customer, supplier, internal, and information integration) to see how this would lead to improved supply chain performance (such as production flexibility, inventory turns, order fulfillment rate, total logistics costs, and operational performance).
    • Knowledge management as intellectual property: evidence from Mexican manufacturing SMEs

      Madonado-Guzman, Gonzalo; Lopez-Torres, Gabriela Citlalli; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, Vikas; Martinez-Covarrubias, Juan Luis; The University of Derby (Emerald, 2017-07)
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between knowledge management and creation of intellectual property within the context of small and medium size manufacturing enterprises. Design/methodology/approach – A hypothesis was formulated and tested using structural equation modelling. Data were collected through an instrument that was developed based on key constructs adapted from the literature and that was first validated using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. A Cronbach’s alpha test was also conducted and the Composite Reliability Index was calculated to ensure reliability of the theoretical model. The instrument was distributed among manufacturing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the Aguascalientes region of Mexico, from were 125 valid responses were obtained. Findings – In general, the results indicate that knowledge management has positive effects on the creation of intellectual property in manufacturing SMEs. This suggests that SMEs can create more intellectual property if they dedicate more efforts to the management of knowledge. Practical implications – The implication of this research and its findings may inform the strategies formulated by policy makers, and the managerial practices that manufacturing SMEs can adopt to protect their knowledge. Originality/value – Evidence suggests that studies focused on investigating the relationship between knowledge and intellectual property are limited. This paper provides a refined understanding of the relationship between knowledge management and intellectual property creation.
    • Measuring business sustainability maturity-levels and best practices

      Meza-Ruiz, Itzel D.; Rocha-Lona, Luis; del Rocío Soto-Flores, María; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, Vikas; Lopez-Torres, Gabriela Citlalli; Instituto Politécnico Nacional; University of Derby; University of the West of England; Ciudad Universitaria Aguascalientes (Elsevier, 2017-09)
      There has been an increasing interest in corporate sustainability (CS) and how companies should strive for it in order to satisfy stakeholders’ demands concerning social, economic, and environmental impacts. The purpose of this paper was to identify the best sustainability practices and the sustainability maturity levels that allow manufacturing and service companies to contribute to sustainable development in the long run. Based on a qualitative approach, a comparative study of five large companies was deployed in order to determine their sustainability maturity levels and best practices. The research method consisted of a critical review of the literature and category analysis concerning corporate sustainability trends and some of the best well-known performance frameworks such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), business excellence models (BEMs), and international standards. The main findings reveal that companies’ sustainability maturity levels range from satisfactory to sophisticated in several sustainability aspects. Best sustainability practices found in this sample include the use of certifications such as ISO 9000, ISO 14001, GRI, and CSR, among others, combined with the systematic use of BEMs over many years. Finally, several key processes such as self-assessment, benchmarking, corporate reporting, strategic planning, and systematic training were found to be significant in helping manufacturing and service organisations achieve their business sustainability objectives.