Now showing items 1-20 of 6168

    • Gut-Derived Endotoxin and Telomere Length Attrition in Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes

      Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Abdi, Saba; Sabico, Shaun; Alnaami, Abdullah M.; Wani, Kaiser A.; Ansari, Mohammed G. A.; Khattak, Malak Nawaz Khan; Khan, Nasiruddin; Tripathi, Gyanendra; Chrousos, George P.; et al. (MDPI AG, 2021-11-14)
      Premature aging, as denoted by a reduced telomere length (TL), has been observed in several chronic inflammatory diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no study to date has addressed the potential inflammatory influence of the gut-derived Gram-negative bacterial fragments lipopolysaccharide, also referred to as endotoxin, and its influence on TL in low-grade inflammatory states such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The current study therefore investigated the influence of endotoxin and inflammatory factors on telomere length (TL) in adults with (T2DM: n = 387) and without (non-diabetic (ND) controls: n = 417) obesity and T2DM. Anthropometric characteristics were taken, and fasted blood samples were used to measure biomarkers, TL, and endotoxin. The findings from this study highlighted across all participants that circulating endotoxin (r = −0.17, p = 0.01) was inversely associated with TL, noting that endotoxin and triglycerides predicted 18% of the variance perceived in TL (p < 0.001). Further stratification of the participants according to T2DM status and sex highlighted that endotoxin significantly predicted 19% of the variance denoted in TL among male T2DM participants (p = 0.007), where TL was notably influenced. The influence on TL was not observed to be impacted by anti-T2DM medications, statins, or anti-hypertensive therapies. Taken together, these results show that TL attrition was inversely associated with circulating endotoxin levels independent of the presence of T2DM and other cardiometabolic factors, suggesting that low-grade chronic inflammation may trigger premature biological aging. The findings further highlight the clinical relevance of mitigating the levels of circulating endotoxin (e.g., manipulation of gut microbiome) not only for the prevention of chronic diseases but also to promote healthy aging.
    • ‘The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few’ Support for children with SEND in times of austerity

      Bloor, Andy; university of derby (Routledge, 2020-10-20)
      This chapter considers some of the moral and theoretical perspectives around the debate surrounding the allocation of resources in schools in recent times. It examines if there are any moral imperatives around the debates on how we fund education for all children, but particularly those with a Special Educational Need and Disability (SEND). The author explores what responses we can and should make when faced with difficult choices around funding and what current theory and argument can do to support us in making considered, proactive, positive and empowering choices.
    • Improving recognition and support for women experiencing the menopause

      Collier, Elizabeth; Clare, Alicia; University of Derby; BlueSCI Wellbeing Service (RCN, 2021-11-09)
      Menopause most commonly occurs in women aged 45-55 and may last for many years. The experience of menopause is a very individual one though many common symptoms are reported such as insomnia, hot flushes, anxiety and poor memory. Many workplaces have no recognition of the disabling effects that menopause can have nor any supportive infrastructure. Nor do workplaces have well informed managers or staff, unsurprising when women themselves often cannot recognise menopause. In addition, symptoms can be interpreted as mental illness. Medical research tends to conceptualise the psychological effects of menopause as psychiatric disorder, but this is not necessarily helpful when treatments for menopause will alleviate experiences rather than the potential inappropriate prescribing of antidepressants for example. Professional awareness is poor generally but there are many actions that can be taken to improve recognition and support; evaluate your services, introduction of specific assessment and information resources for staff and patients and also provide reasonable adjustments. Taking individual responsibility for improving knowledge and skills in this area will mean we can all contribute to a better and more effective environment for women where they feel that their needs are addressed, without having to wait for access to ‘specialist’ services, if available.
    • Patient-reported factors associated with degree of pain medication dependence and presence of severe dependence among spinal outpatients

      Elander, James; Kapadi, Romaana; Bateman, Antony H; University of Derby; Royal Derby Spinal Centre, Royal Derby Hospital (Future Medicine Ltd, 2021-11-03)
      To identify risk factors for pain medication dependence. Chronic spinal pain outpatients (n=106) completed the Leeds Dependence. Questionnaire (LDQ) and measures of potential risk factors. Participants with high (n=3) and low (n=3) dependence were interviewed. Mean LDQ score was 11.52 (SD 7.35) and 15/106 participants (14.2%) were severely dependent (LDQ ≥20). In linear regression, pain intensity (β=0.313, p<0.001), being disabled by pain (β=0.355, p<0.001), borrowing pain medication (β=0.209, p=0.006), and emergency phone calls or clinic visits (β=0.169, p=0.029) were associated with degree of dependence across the range of LDQ scores. In logistic regression, pain intensity (p=0.001) and borrowing pain medication (p=0.004) increased the odds of severe dependence. Interviewees described how their pain influenced their pain medication use and one described pain medication addiction. Interventions to reduce pain intensity and pain-related disability may reduce pain medication dependence.
    • Using patient feedback to adapt intervention materials based on acceptance and commitment therapy for people receiving renal dialysis

      Elander, James; Kapadi, Romaana; Coyne, Emma; Taal, Maarten W.; Selby, Nicholas M.; Stalker, Carol; Mitchell, Kathryn; University of Derby (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-11-15)
      Theory-based intervention materials must be carefully adapted to meet the needs of users with specific physical conditions. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been adapted successfully for cancer, chronic pain, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and a range of other conditions, but not so far for people receiving renal haemodialysis. This paper presents findings from a study to adapt ACT-based intervention materials specifically for renal dialysis. Draft written materials consisting of four stories depicting fictitious individuals who used ACT-related techniques to help overcome different challenges and difficulties related to dialysis were adapted using a systematic patient consultation process. The participants were 18 people aged 19 to 80 years, with chronic kidney disease and receiving renal dialysis. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit participants’ views about how the content of the draft materials should be adapted to make them more realistic and relevant for people receiving renal dialysis and about how the materials should be presented and delivered to people receiving renal dialysis. The interview transcripts were analysed using a qualitative adaptation of the Delphi method in which themes are used as a framework for translating feedback into proposals for modifications. The analysis of patient feedback supported the use of patient stories but suggested they should be presented by video and narrated by real dialysis patients. They also indicated specific adaptations to make the stories more credible and realistic. Participant feedback was translated into proposals for change that were considered along with clinical, ethical and theoretical factors. The outcome was a design for a video-based intervention that separated the stories about individuals from the explanations of the specific ACT techniques and provided greater structure, with material organised into smaller chunks. This intervention is adapted specifically for people receiving renal dialysis while retaining the distinctive theoretical principles of ACT. The study shows the value of consulting patients in the development of intervention materials and illustrates a process for integrating patient feedback with theoretical, clinical and practical considerations in intervention design.
    • Facilitating the planning and evaluation of narrative intervention reviews: Systematic Transparency in All Intervention Reviews (STAIR)

      Gonot-Schoupinsky, Freda; Garip, Gulcan; Sheffield, David; Independent Researcher; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2021-11-17)
      Narrative reviews offer a flexible way to report intervention results and comprise the majority of reviews published in top medical journals. However variations in their transparency pose evaluation challenges, compromising their value and potentially resulting in research wastage. Calls have been made to reduce the number of narrative reviews published. Others argue narrative reviews provide an important platform and should even be placed on an equal footing to systematic reviews. We believe narrative intervention reviews can provide a vital perspective when transparent, and thus support Systematic Transparency Assessment in Intervention Reviews (STAIR). This research evaluates the transparency of 172 health-related narrative and literature reviews (K = 172), by assessing how they communicate information about the interventions they review. Eight points supporting transparency, relating to sample sizes, traceability, article numbers, and references, were assessed. Half of the reviews reported on at least four of the eight points, but 24% reported on none. Only 56% of the reviews clearly communicated full references. The STAIR* (Sample sizes, Traceability, Article numbers, Intervention numbers, References*) checklist comprises five sections, and nine points. It is proposed as a convenient tool to address STAIR and complement existing review guidelines to assist authors in planning, reviewers in evaluating, and scholars in utilising narrative reviews. The objectives of STAIR* are to: 1) encourage narrative review transparency and readability, 2) facilitate the incorporation of narrative reviews results into other research; and 3) enrich narrative review methodology with a checklist to guide, and evaluate, intervention reviews.
    • Sound Level Monitoring at Live Events, Part 1–Live Dynamic Range

      Hill, Adam J.; Mulder, Johannes; Burton, Jon; Kok, Marcel; Lawrence, Michael; University of Derby; The National University of Australia; dBcontrol; Rational Acoustics (Audio Engineering Society, 2021-11-08)
      Musical dynamics are often central within pieces of music and are therefore likely to be fundamental to the live event listening experience. While metrics exist in broadcasting and recording to quantify dynamics, such measures work on high-resolution data. Live event sound level monitoring data is typically low-resolution (logged at one second intervals or less), which necessitates bespoke musical dynamics quantification. Live dynamic range (LDR) is presented and validated here to serve this purpose, where measurement data is conditioned to remove song breaks and sound level regulation-imposed adjustments to extract the true musical dynamics from a live performance. Results show consistent objective performance of the algorithm, as tested on synthetic data as well as datasets from previous performances.
    • Promoting Junior School Students’ Anti-bullying Beliefs with the CATZ Cross-age Teaching Zone Intervention

      Boulton, Michael J.; Macaulay, Peter J. R.; Atherton, Siobhan; Boulton, Louise; Colebourne, Tracey; Davies, Melanie; Down, James; Garner, Ian; Harriss, Bethan; Kenton, Laura; et al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-11-09)
      In tackling the widespread problem of bullying victimisation, researchers have acknowledged the value of focusing on changing bullying-related beliefs and using peer-based interventions. In three studies (N = 419, 237 intervention and 182 controls), we tested the effectiveness of the CATZ cross-age teaching programme by inviting small groups of 11-year-olds to incorporate information supporting positive beliefs (concerning non-physical forms of bullying, the value of disclosing being bullied to adults, and helping victims) into a lesson they devised for themselves and to deliver that to small groups of 9-year-olds. Specifically, we examined if the intervention would promote that (i) non-physical forms of bullying are unacceptable (study 1), (ii) disclosing bullying to adults and getting the right kind of help have value and importance (study 2), and (iii) victims can be assisted in safe ways (study 3). Self-reports of nine specific aspects of these beliefs were collected from CATZ tutors and age-matched controls prior to and following the intervention, and at five-week follow-up in one study, using both open and closed questions. Results indicated significant positive effects of CATZ on all nine outcome variables, with mostly medium and high effect sizes. These findings support the use of CATZ to foster positive anti-bullying beliefs, and issues related to its wider uptake are discussed.
    • Mission vs. Market: Theorizing the Tensions within Community Sport Trusts

      Bostock, James; woodward, jon; bull, mike; sibley, jonathan; university of derby; Manchester Metropolitan University (Common Ground Research Networks, 2021-11-17)
      With the withdrawal of the state from local sport provision in the UK, Community Sport Trusts (CSTs) have grown significantly. The growth of CSTs is a direct outcome of neoliberal and austerity policy contexts in the UK. Research on the commodification of services delivered by hybrid social organizations suggests tensions between mission and market (internal purpose versus external control). Yet little research to date has been conducted on CSTs, with even less research that takes a critical approach. We seek to begin to consider this research gap by theorizing the problem, by looking at the tensions in hybridity, social mission, enterprise objectives, and financial sustainability of CSTs. We approach this by theory building from an examination of multidisciplinary literature; community sport, nonprofit management, social enterprise, and social accounting literature to arrive at a conceptual model. This model contributes to knowledge by identifying and drawing out the tensions at play. We call for further theoretical and empirical research on CSTs that problematizes the “social” and draws attention to the inherent tensions in these hybrid business models, which are both academically under-explored and crucial to the success of a policy context where CSTs play a significant and expanding role in community sport delivery.
    • The (in)separability of matter: on prāṇa, energy and permeation

      Sharples, Victoria; University of Derby (2021-10-01)
      ‘The (in)separability of matter: on prāṇa, energy and permeation’ is a paper in response to a three-year practice-led study, which speculates on (non)human bodily ‘intra-activity’ (Barad, 2007) relative to cremation practices at Pashupatinath Temple and along the sacred and contaminated Bagmati River in Kathmandu through Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) ash analysis readings. It is the outcome of field research, laboratory experiments and a series of participatory projects which aim to unbalance asymmetric tendencies which assume the ontological separation of the human and non-human through collective; microperformative, practices. Realised between 2018–2020, Ash is an international (e)mail art project in which three pieces of Nepalese Lokta paper were placed on the surface of the Bagmati downstream from Pashupatinath. Once dried, participants sent their contributions to the UK using their closest postal service. Contributions were received from artists Sagar Manandhar and Pratima Thakali from Kathmandu University, and from Nepali musician Anil Shahi. On arrival, the substrates were incinerated and analysed through GC-MS and ICP-MS at the University of York and the University of Leeds. Through the intersection of art, ecology and New Materialism, this paper calls into question the permeability of organic and machinic matter as agential, osmotic and energetic (Salter, 2020). It builds on the assumed ‘aliveness’ of ‘live art’ practice (Hauser & Strecker, 2020), and calls on ‘passive’ matter to contribute to this discourse. For ENERGY: SLSA 2021, this paper unpacks the spiritual substance of prāṇa as an energy-current that permeates all.
    • Teach Public Health With a Sense of Humor: Why (and How to) Be a Funnier and More Effective Public Health Professor and Laugh All the Way to Your Classroom

      Garip, Gulcan; Gonot-Schoupinsky, Freda; University of Derby (The Curious Academic Publishing, 2021-11-25)
      Whether you’re a new Public Health teacher/faculty just starting out or a professor looking to use humor for your next “serious” lecture, this book is for you. This book is NOT about boring academic theories. Reading it, not only will you learn how to discover practical humor techniques and teaching strategies to dramatically improve your sense of humor, you’ll also have plenty of healthy laughs along the way. This book will help you develop techniques for leveraging humor and take action to improve your teaching immediately today. Top contributing professors in this book will answer your hundreds of questions such as: Why is humor effective in teaching healthcare topics? How to teach on-line with humor? How to address isolation brought about by on-line teaching? (Chapter 1); Why (and how to) teach improv to healthcare practitioners over Zoom? What is the ‘golden rule’ about improv? (Chapter 2); How to use humor as a pedagogical tool in public health? How make use of situations and simulation games, and twist them into humor? (Chapter 3); Is humor in health education a laughing matter? How to think from big to small to entertain and educate your students? (Chapter 4); Why (and how to) teach more effectively through the application of humor and laughter to healthcare students? How to promote creativity and enhance short-term memory? How to reduce stress? (Chapter 5); What are the types of humor and what are the strategies for using humor? How to avoid bad humor? (Chapter 6); What is the (natural) link between humor and healthcare? What are the technical tips to use humor more effectively? (Chapter 7); How to teach students the use of humor with traumatized individuals? (Chapter 8); What are the little-known tips about writing jokes for your class? (Chapter 9); Exactly how to teach with a sense of humor? What humor techniques to use in the class and how? (Chapter 10); Why and laughter helps learning? How to use comedy in the classroom? How to use online humor? (Chapter 11); What is your own sense of humor? Can you translate this sense of humor to engage your audience? How to “keep it simply simple”? (Chapter 12); Exactly how to use humor techniques such as funny quotes, definitions, and abbreviations to infuse humor into your writing and presentation or lecture. (Chapter 13). If you want to minimize the teacher burnout and improve your teaching effectiveness, you could hire a bunch of professional development consultants – or you could just read this book.
    • The Effect of Self-Compassion on Job Burnout and Hours Worked in Employees’ Working from Home

      Cotterill, Matthew; Kotera, Yasuhiro; Garip, Gulcan; University of Derby (Concurrent Disorders Society, 2021-08-10)
      Working from home (WFH) has been associated with increased levels of job burnout; a psycho-physiological outcome of experiencing intense or extended periods of work-related stress. Individuals with higher levels of self-compassion have been shown to mitigate the effects of stress by reducing the negative affect associated with stressful situations. The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of self-compassion on job burnout and number of working hours in full time employees WFH. Fifty-eight full time WFH participants (37 females, 21 males; age M = 34, SD = 8 years) completed online self-report questionnaires. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that SC did not predict job burnout and number of working hours for this sample of WFH employees. The obtained evidence suggests that self-compassion was not enough to mitigate job burnout or number of working hours, therefore employers should not rely on employees to manage workloads and hours effectively but assist in developing schedules to reduce the negative impact of job burnout on their mental health.
    • Spatial construction for ideational meaning: An analysis of interior design students’ multimodal projects

      Di Monte-Milner, Giovanna; Gill, Andrew; University of Derby; University of Johannesburg (Cumulus, 2021-09-28)
      Multimodality is an inter-disciplinary approach that considers communication to be more than just language. Multimodal studies focus mostly on the analysis of twodimensional printed, digital, and screen production. This paper explores a multimodal pedagogic approach used to teach students to create interior design projects as threedimensional ensembles, which we reflect upon to contribute to the framework of multimodality. This qualitative research begins with a review of multimodal discourse establishing language as a system of choice, and a relationship between spatial design and language. A case-study of students’ multimodal ensembles reveals how the design choices of mode, semiotic resource, modal affordance and inter-semiosis led to students producing rich and inclusive meaning, supporting a reproductive health mandate. An interpretive semiotic framework based on Hallidayan principles of Systemic-functional linguistics is developed for spatial meaning-making analysis for future projects. The findings offer a narrative metalanguage for spatial meaning-making, contributing to broader interior design discourse.
    • Transcriptome profile of the sinoatrial ring reveals conserved and novel genetic programs of the zebrafish pacemaker

      Minhas, Rashid; Loeffler-Wirth, Henry; Siddiqui, Yusra H; Obrębski, Tomasz; Vashisht, Shikha; Nahia, Karim Abu; Paterek, Alexandra; Brzozowska, Angelika; Bugajski, Lukasz; Piwocka, Katarzyna; et al. (Springer Nature, 2021-10-02)
      Sinoatrial Node (SAN) is part of the cardiac conduction system, which controls the rhythmic contraction of the vertebrate heart. The SAN consists of a specialized pacemaker cell population that has the potential to generate electrical impulses. Although the SAN pacemaker has been extensively studied in mammalian and teleost models, including the zebrafish, their molecular nature remains inadequately comprehended. To characterize the molecular profile of the zebrafish sinoatrial ring (SAR) and elucidate the mechanism of pacemaker function, we utilized the transgenic line sqet33mi59BEt to isolate cells of the SAR of developing zebrafish embryos and profiled their transcriptome. Our analyses identified novel candidate genes and well-known conserved signaling pathways involved in pacemaker development. We show that, compared to the rest of the heart, the zebrafish SAR overexpresses several mammalian SAN pacemaker signature genes, which include hcn4 as well as those encoding calcium- and potassium-gated channels. Moreover, genes encoding components of the BMP and Wnt signaling pathways, as well as members of the Tbx family, which have previously been implicated in pacemaker development, were also overexpressed in the SAR. Among SAR-overexpressed genes, 24 had human homologues implicated in 104 different ClinVar phenotype entries related to various forms of congenital heart diseases, which suggest the relevance of our transcriptomics resource to studying human heart conditions. Finally, functional analyses of three SAR-overexpressed genes, pard6a, prom2, and atp1a1a.2, uncovered their novel role in heart development and physiology. Our results established conserved aspects between zebrafish and mammalian pacemaker function and revealed novel factors implicated in maintaining cardiac rhythm. The transcriptome data generated in this study represents a unique and valuable resource for the study of pacemaker function and associated heart diseases.
    • An Analysis of Tanzania's Policies and whether they represent Gender Equity in Education

      Pepper, Laura; Spencer, Sophie; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021-11-03)
      To determine how educational gender equity is understood and constructed within the official publications of the Tanzanian Government and it’s agencies. 1. Exploring the equivocality of policies regarding commitments to educational equity for females. 2. Investigating degrees of equivocality in the policy documents regarding the acknowledged and unacknowledged barriers to educational equity for females. 3. Exploring the extent to which female rights and voices are present in the policies. We conducted text analysis using authentic texts, acknowledging any bias that may be present. Text was chosen based on: 1. Have they been published between 2011 and 2021? 2. What is the source of the document? 3. Is there sufficient data within the document to analyse in sufficient depth? 4. Acknowledge any bias within the document e.g. is it from a Government source? We then conducted thematic analysis using Braun and Clarke, followed by thematic reduction.
    • Towards ‘regenerative interior design’: exploring a student project

      Di Monte-Milner, Giovanna; University of Derby (Cumulus, 2021-09-28)
      Interior designers should design for regenerative systems in order to achieve advanced sustainability, beyond the current ‘neutral’ sustainable design approach. A broader and more positive regenerative design and development approach supports building social and natural capital within the new ecological paradigm. The interior design discipline has made little contribution to this agenda. This paper thus explores interior design strategies, which relate to regenerative design strategies, through a student project proactively implemented within the Interior Design department at the University of Derby, in an existing 3rd year module. A qualitative research design is used to analyse and code students’ proposals, using a constructivist, grounded theory approach. The results present ‘regenerative interior design strategies’. These varying strategies are used throughout the project, of which the most grounded tap into various social and environmental sustainability benefits. This can inform teaching about sustainability in interior design for a new ecological paradigm.
    • Design for Planet: Shedding

      Jones, Rhiannon; Slabbert, Barend; VandA Dundee; University of Derby (Design Council, UK, 2021-11-08)
      Dr Rhiannon Jones was invited by the Design Council, UK to design a bespoke S.H.E.D Installation for Design for Planet, which was commissioned by the Design Council for installation at the V&A Dundee. The research activity was divided into four distinctive elements: A workshop with local Dundee schools to engage with the local community on climate change. A bespoke S.H.E.D that was created and positioned outside the V&A Dundee, for public engagement and interaction. A bespoke pledge wall that was designed for, and installed inside the V&A to capture pledges from design leaders as a call for action A sound pod installation designed for, and installed inside the V&A, that had original podcasts created by children aged 6 - 18 with EmprezU from Derby, on the subject of Climate Change. The combination of these elements resulted in a dynamic creative placemaking methodology for engaging the public of Dundee, local schools in Dundee and global leaders in design experts through the use of a co-designed civic space. . The installation addressed how to co-design S.H.E.D for the V&A and the Design Councils theme of climate Change. The installation responded to the themes of co-creation with communities, and content displayed on S.H.E.D reflected the local community of Dundee, allowing for public consultation and engagement with artistic content on display from a range of artists and partners from the UK. Barend Slabbert supported this research activity with creating the visualisation of the designs and install processes along side the Designing Dialogue CIC which delivers S.H.E.D.
    • Arts Imagining Communities To Come

      Jones, Rhiannon; Universidad de las Artes del Ecuador (UArtes); University of Derby (Cumulus Association, 2021-11-11)
      Dr Rhiannon Jones was invited to chair an online workshop that was designed to provide a call to action for the art and design industry to commit to a sustainable, climate-first future. The workshop provided an opportunity for academics to participate in a discussion about Imagining communities of the future. In order to enable this, Dr Jones shared learnings from DesignforPlanet where she had returned from the Design Council, UK summit, for COP26 as a guest speaker. A landmark event to galvanise and support the UK’s design industry to commit to a sustainable, climate-first future in response to COP26, hosted at the VandA Dundee; the only UNESCO Design City in the UK. This workshop provided time to disseminate key objectives and reposition these within the art and design global network of Cumulus. Colleagues from the UK, Finland, Italy, Ecuador, Germany. This international research activity allowed Dr Jones to discuss artistic approaches for co-designing with communities in urban and rural locations. This, workshop resulted in perspectives on the industrialisation of countries and perceptions of the impact of the climate crisis being shared and reinvigorated the questioning of the value of art and design, as an instigator and leader for climate change. The workshop led by Dr Rhiannon Jones sat at the heart of Cumulus Conference Guayaquil 2021: Arts Imagining Communities To Come. It promoted academic reflections and artistic performances focusing on different ways of working with local communities. It invited artists, scholars, professors, and researchers to share their experiences and reflections on this matter, pre, during and after the pandemic.
    • Cocreate with community

      Jones, Rhiannon; V&A Dundee; University of Derby (2021-11-08)
      Dr Rhiannon Jones was invited to present her research at the Design Council, UK summit hosted at the V&A Dundee. Dr Jones spoke of codesign and cocreation with communities, and the methodology of the S.H.E.D as a reseraxhc process to work between communities and H.E and how it can work towards creating influnce and driving policy change. It also gave example of how design is conceptualised in terms of the root, greek definition for dialogue - as something that is moving, living, and transforming. This application towards an object, such as a shed in order to create a transformative/reconfigurable arts space as a way to consult with and problem solve matters such as climate change. 120 Global design leaders and innovators were invited to the Design Council Summit to listen to the talk, in response to COP26. Along with an online audience of over 5,500. Design for Planet was a landmark festival to galvanise and support the UK’s design industry to commit to a sustainable, climate-first future. The two-day event will give a platform for visionaries across the sector who are leading the way in sustainability and climate action, and will support others in the industry to prioritise the welfare of our planet in their work. Design for Planet welcomed over 100 invited experts and was live streamed to thousands of online participants.
    • Evidence to the Parliamentary Inquiry on the Future of Journalism

      Conboy, Martin; Firmstone, Julie; Fox, Carl; Elliott-Harvey, Charlotte; Mulderrig, Jane; Saunders, Joe; Wragg, Paul; University of Derby (UK Parliament, 2020-04-30)
      Submission to the call for evidence to the House of Lords Select Committee on Communications and Digital: The future of Journalism.