• Transformation of destination leadership networks

      Hristov, D; Minocha, S; Ramkissoon, H; Monash University (Elsevier, 09/10/2018)
      This paper investigates the transformation of a destination leadership network within a new funding and governance landscape for Destination Management Organisations (DMOs) and destinations in England. Current longitudinal evidence into the transformation of destination leadership networks and emergent Distributed Leadership (DL) in the literature domain of DMOs and destinations is thin. This study adopts a longitudinal case study and ego-network Social Network Analysis (SNA) approach, drawing on the perspectives of the founding and current Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) of a DMO coupled with semi-structured expert interviews with policy makers from VisitEngland. Longitudinal data findings provide useful insights into the transformation of DMOs and their wider networks through the enactment of DL in order to cope with change and uncertainty.
    • Transforming product labels using digital technologies to enable enhanced traceability and management of hazardous chemicals

      Takhar, Sukhraj; Liyanage, Kapila; University of Derby (Inderscience, 2021-06-08)
      Manufacturers that produce, distribute or market physical products are likely to be impacted by numerous chemical and product regulations. Manufacturers must identify chemical substances which appear within mixtures, materials, formulations, raw materials, components, assemblies and finished products. This results in a very manual and resource intensive process of collection of chemical substances in products data, where definitions arise from internal, industry standards, supplier and customer requirements and often sourced from multiple supply chain actors. This paper contributes to existing literature by identifying a research gap in transforming current manual state data collection tasks via the utilisation of digital technologies, leveraging real-time data collection using smart labels to identify chemicals contained within products. The proposed design enables manufacturers to identify the use of chemicals consumed in a automated manner and enabling appropriate risks to be identified and managed accordingly. The design can be further expanded in the proposed collaborative data sharing network.
    • Transgenerational business legacies and intergenerational succession among the Igbos (Nigeria)

      Igwe, Paul; Madichie, Nnamdi; Amoncar, Nihar; University of Lincoln; Abertay University Dundee; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2020-04-17)
      The main purpose of this study is to highlight the entrepreneurial exploits of an ethnic group within the African context. The research context is the Igbos in Eastern Nigeria who have been celebrated as the pinnacle of African entrepreneurship. The study also draws on the narratives of 25 experienced business owners, and the emerging data thematically analysed to identify key variables associated with transgenerational business legacies and succession. Additional insight on salient cultural and community nuances like the role of Di-okpara (first son), Umunna (sons of the land), Ikwu (members of a Kindred) and Umuada (daughters of the land) were unravelled through interview transcripts and validated by respondents. These insights inform a contribution to the discourse of ethnic or indigenous entrepreneurship, which has both theoretical and policy implications.
    • La transición del preescolar a la primaria ¿Cómo aprenden los niños a leer el contexto escolar?

      Delgado-Fuentes, Marco Antonio; Universidad Iberoamericana, Ciudad de México (Universidad Iberoamericana, Ciudad de México, 2017)
    • La transición del preescolar a la primaria: El papel de las familias y el rol activo de los niños.

      Delgado-Fuentes, Marco Antonio; González Peral, Adriana; Martínez Valle, Claudia Osiris; The Ibero-American University (Universidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosJuan Pablos Editor, 2014)
    • Transient performance investigation of different flow-field designs of automotive polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

      Choopanya, Pattarapong; Yang, Zhiyin; University of Derby, UK (International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer (ICHMT)., 2014-07-14)
      Transient performance of a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell in terms of the time-dependent current density profile that responds to the varying cell potential is of critical importance for an automotive PEM fuel cell. A step change in cell potential is applied to the cell terminals to simulate a sudden change in load demand due to an engine startup or very high acceleration. The transient responses of the three most commonly used flow-fields, namely, parallel, single-serpentine, and interdigitated designs in terms of the magnitude of current overshoot and time taken to adjust to the new equilibrium state are compared. The results suggest the serpentine flow-field outperforms its two counterparts as it balances the satisfactory transient performance with an expense of acceptable pressure drop across the cell and hence it is the most appropriate design to be used in automotive PEM fuel cells.
    • Transillumination of testicular hydrocele.

      Bryson, David; University of Derby (ClinMed International Library, 2017-11-01)
      Transillumination is a useful and inexpensive clinical tool that can be used for a range of conditions including testicular hydrocele. This paper gives a brief overview of the clinical use of transillumination in general, for testicular hydroceles and guidance for photography.
    • Transition distress: a psychological process

      Hughes, Gareth; University of Derby (BACP, 2016-09-01)
      It will come as no surprise to anybody working within higher education, that many students find the transition into university emotionally and psychologically difficult. We clearly understand that students going through transition can experience psychological distress, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, a reduction in self-esteem and isolation.1–5 Many students describe a loss of feelings of control, and doubts about whether or not to stay at their new university. This is particularly concerning for universities, as research has identified that successful transition is a key element in determining retention and future student success.6–10 While most of us probably recognise all of this, there is often less understanding about why some students find transition so difficult, and more importantly, what we can do about it. In the last few years, I and my colleagues in Student Wellbeing at the University of Derby have been researching student transition in order to develop better interventions to support new students. Our research, and the research of many others in the field, suggests that we may need to rethink some of the ways in which we approach transition, if we want to provide our students with the most effective support. In this article, I briefly describe some of our work so far (some of which has been published and presented elsewhere), and propose a new model of transition. I do this with one important caveat. As George Box said: ‘All models are wrong, but some models are useful.’11 I don’t pretend that this model encapsulates every single student’s experience but I hope it may provide a useful way of thinking about what our students may be experiencing, how we can target our support and how this learning can be used to good effect in the therapy room.
    • Transition programmes for young adults with SEND. What works?

      Hanson, Jill; Codina, Geraldene; Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby (Careers and Enterprise Company, 2017-10)
      This paper describes the evidence base for transition programmes for young adults with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND). Schools, colleges and providers of careers and enterprise programmes are invited to use this evidence to inform the programmes that they are running and developing. The paper draws together academic and ‘grey’ literature (such as policy papers, speeches and programme evaluation reports), with the aim of, first, clarifying the impacts from transition programming and, second, exploring what effective practice looks like.
    • The transition to a low carbon economy: a call for collaborative action towards the ‘new normal’.

      Conway, Elaine; Paterson, Fred; Baranova, Polina; University of Derby (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017-12)
    • Transition to a low carbon economy: an SME perspective.

      Baranova, Polina; Conway, Elaine; University of Derby (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017-09)
      This chapter provides in-depth insights into small and medium-sized enterprises’ (SMEs) organisational practices and strategies in the context of the transition to a low carbon economy. The focus is drawn towards the importance of SMEs’ role in the development of markets for low carbon products and services as well as their contributions towards a decarbonised economy (DECC 2008, 2011, 2013). A range of case studies presented in the chapter illustrates strategies adopted by SMEs towards achieving advantage in their respective industries through green and/or low carbon innovation and organisational practices towards sustainability. The chapter explores the complexity of challenges and opportunities presented by the transition to a low carbon economy in the UK and internationally. The chapter concludes by developing a range of recommendations towards strengthening SMEs' potential to ensure their competitiveness and their continuous pivotal role as an economic and social force in transition towards a low carbon economy.
    • Transition to a low carbon economy: on the cusp of the emerging challenges and opportunities.

      Baranova, Polina; University of Derby (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017-09)
      This chapter sets the context in which the present study of opportunities and challenges presented by the transition to a low carbon economy is undertaken. It outlines the significance of a low carbon economy and the benefits associated with the green growth. The theme of sustainability transitions is explored at the beginning of the chapter. The chapter provides a brief overview of the book chapters outlining their contribution to academic and professional debates. The chapter concludes with emphasising the importance of leadership for sustainability at various levels. It calls to widen the remit of sustainability initiatives associated with the transition to a low carbon economy from narrow view of cost cutting measures to broader initiatives that strengthen competitive success and organisational strategies towards sustainability.
    • Transition to nursing: Preparation for practice

      Whitehead, Bill; Brown, Michelle; University of Derby (Open University Press, 2017-12-16)
      This book is for you if you’re in the final stage of a pre-registration nursing course or if you are making the transition to becoming a registered nurse. It provides you with a toolkit of advice to help you deal with challenges you’ll face and prepare you with an understanding of what the university and NMC will be looking for. Clear advice is given on the academic skills you will need, how to face the rigours of the final year, and what you need to demonstrate in your behaviour and placements. Professional issues covered include using evidence in practice, managing a caseload, and how far to fi t into or question workplace culture. The features of this book include: • Guidance enriched by the latest research and expert knowledge of this transition period • Reflective learning boxes to help you identify how you can prepare • Case studies raising issues from student and registered nurses’ experience going through this transition • Short chapters enable quick learning to support you now • Knowledge that will build your confidence and enhance your ability to fit into your first job This book is recommended reading for all final year nursing students and nurses new to the profession.
    • Transitional justice in the Middle East and North Africa – taking account of Islam.

      Yusuf, Hakeem O.; University of Birmingham (De Gruyter, 2017-07-26)
      The core of the argument of this article is that the integration of Islamic notions of justice into transitional justice mechanisms in the MENA makes for a more viable and sustainable transitional justice process in the region. This would mean a critical cultural value in the MENA is given a place in dealing with the past and mapping out a sustainable future in the region. The argument here is premised on the logic that a social transformation-focused enterprise like transitional justice ought to engage with Islam for sustainable outcomes in societies in the MENA where Islam is very influential. Given the significant role and influence of Islam on cultural, socio-political and legal institutions in the MENA, a process of transitional justice that takes account of Islamic values and practices is important for negotiating justice and institutionalising reforms in societies in the region.
    • Transitioning to an ACP: a challenging journey with tribulations and rewards

      Reynolds, Julie; Mortimore, Gerri; University of Derby (MAG, 2021-02-10)
      Julie Reynolds and Gerri Mortimore, discuss the difficulties advanced clinical practitioners face when taking on this new role, and how drawing on their transferable skills can help them make the transition
    • Transitory literature or 'Brave New Text'? a comparative analysis of José Agustín's work

      Carpenter, Victoria; University of Derby (2007)
      This paper presents an aspect of an ongoing research project on the changing nature of the text in the works of the Onda literary movement in Mexico in the mid to late 1960s. The works analysed in this article are the stories 'La tumba' (1963) and '¿Cuál es la onda?' (1968) by José Agustín. The aim of the paper is to examine the triad of the creation/destruction/recreation of the text by identifying the changing roles played by the narrator(s) and the dissolution of the protagonists. The analysis also addresses multiple transcultural influences on the two texts and determines whether the conflicting combination thereof leads to the complete destruction of the text or the appearance of a new narrative form.
    • Transmission power control in WSNs: from deterministic to cognitive methods

      Chincoli, Michele; Liotta, Antonio (Springer, Cham, 2018)
    • The transparency of binaural auralisation using very high order circular harmonics

      Dring, Mark; Wiggins, Bruce; University of Derby (Institute of Acoustics, 2019-11)
      Ambisonics to binaural rendering has become the de facto format for processing and reproducing spatial sound scenes, but direct capture and software generated output is limited to low orders; limiting the accuracy of psycho-acoustic cues and therefore the illusion of a ‘real-world’ experience. Applying a practical method through the use of acoustic modelling software, this study examines the potential of using very high horizontal only Ambisonic orders (up to 31st) to binaural rendering. A novel approach to the scene capturing process is implemented to realise these very high orders for a reverberant space with head-tracking capabilities. A headphone based subjective test is conducted, evaluating specific attributes of a presented auditory scene to determine when a limit to the perceived auditory differences of varying orders has been reached.
    • Transport operations optimisation through lean implementation – a case study

      Deesrisak, Jose Arturo N., Garza-Reyes, J.A., Nadeem, S.P., Kumar, A., Kumar, V., Gonzalez-Aleu, F., Vil-larreal, B.; University of Derby (IEOM Society, 2019-07)
      Lean has benefited industries, however, the research regarding its implementation in the transportation sector is limited. Therefore, there is huge potential for the implementation of Lean in the transportation sector. With the growing population and production, traffic congestion is no surprise, placing constraints on transport operations. This research utilises two extensions of the Lean tools of Transportation Value Stream Mapping (TVSM) and Transportation Overall Vehicle Effectiveness (TOVE). This research presents a case study of company XYZ based in Thailand, to optimise their transport operations through utilisation of Lean and its extensions mentioned earlier. As a result, the TOVE index is projected to improve from 17% to 31% and TVSM from 51% – 70%. The empirical study presented in this research paves the way for further research and adoption of Lean in transportation operations.
    • Transport planning guidelines for vulnerable road user safety in emerging economies.

      Quigley, Claire; Sims, Ruth; Hill, Julian; Tripodi, Antonino; Persia, Luca; Pietrantonio, Hugo; Kharat, Mahendra; Loughborough University (2012)
      With the rapid expanse of motorised traffic in countries such as Brazil and India, the safety of vulnerable road users (VRUs) needs to be a key component in any transportation development. It should be considered what can be learnt from European transport planning experiences. This review identifies current good practice in Europe and considers how VRU safety is considered in the process. Based on this review, recommendations are given for:Stakeholder participation; •The development of a step by step planning process; •The implementation of VRU principles into the process. •An assessment of the feasibility and implications for safety of applying European practice to Emerging Economies is also given. Keywords Transport planning; European best practice; Vulnerable Road User Safety; Emerging Economies; India; Brazil