• Tackling religion or belief-related harassment and hate incidents: a guide for higher education providers

      Aune, Kristin; Cheruvallil-Contractor, Sariya; Osmond, Jane; Peacock, Lucy; Weller, Paul; Coventry University; University of Derby; University of Oxford (Coventry University, 2020)
      Higher education is not just a context for formal, curricula-based learning. Students also learn from their wider university experiences, as they meet and interact with people from different backgrounds, beliefs and values. The university and college experience helps students become people who respect the social diversity around them and thrive in religiously diverse and multicultural environments. Higher education providers have a duty to provide safe and secure environments for formal and informal learning. An important aspect of this is to act proactively in order, as far as possible, to prevent harassment and hate incidents and to provide mechanisms for dealing with them if they occur. This guidance document focuses specifically on religion or belief-related harassment and hatred and is informed by the ‘Tackling religion-based hate crime on the multi-faith campus’ project, carried out at Coventry University as one of 11 projects funded by the Office for Students (OfS) within its Catalyst initiative to tackle religion-based hate crime and support student safety and wellbeing. This guidance was developed in consultation with the other 10 projects, Advance HE (the Higher Education sector charitable body) and the Church of England’s Education Office (with expertise and responsibility for a large number of university chaplains). The guidance helps to unpack the sometimes complex terminologies, categories and legal distinctions relevant to work in this area. It offers advice on how higher education providers can set up and promote an effective reporting system for incidents of religion or belief-harassment and hate. This can then inform institutional action and/or referral to external agencies such as the police. It offers an example that higher education providers can interpret and apply in ways that suit their contexts.
    • Tackling the inescapable: Mental ill health in later life. Report on a series of conversations

      Collier, Elizabeth; Ahmed, J; Lamph, Gary; Ahmed, Anya; University of Salford (University of Salford, 2018-04-18)
      Older people with mental health problems (OPMHP) are a sub group of both mental health service users and older people service users. The specific voice OPMHP is therefore diluted within these general groups and there is little evidence to inform our understanding of the experiences of OPMHP. This project aimed to engage in conversation with older people who have experienced mental health problems with a view to hearing OPMHP perspectives and identifying priorities for future research. Twelve people met though contacts with local services and community contacts contributed. Their ages ranged from 52-86 and there were 7 men and 5 women. Six meetings/conversations were held (individually or in small groups) during a three month period April-July 2017. Each conversation built on findings from the previous meeting/conversation. The conversations were shaped by the questions: What does ‘older person’ mean to you? ‘What matters in mental health care for older people’? (Including discussion about what was meant by ‘age appropriate’) and ‘What should be researched’? Conversations about preliminary findings were continued at a feedback event on 3rd July 2017 attended by seven of the contributors. The predefined categories ‘older people’, mental health care and age appropriateness’ and ‘research’ shaped the conversations. The older people category found mixed and contradictory ideas about what older person meant. A content analysis of the categories ‘mental health care and age appropriateness’, and ‘research’ was conducted by ‘within’ and ‘across’ analysis of the transcribed notes from the six meetings/conversations and found eight themes: Mutuality, Sensitivity, Carers, Exclusion, Meaning and purpose, Politics, Physical and mental health integration, and Mortality. Although limitations include: a small number of people, lack of diversity, and took place in only one location, the depth of the discussions was wide ranging. The themes overlapped somewhat but some new insights emerged which are perhaps not well explored in literature or policy. The idea of age appropriateness was confusing and was not defined but was conflated with illness and frailty. There was an emphasis on ageism that is in contrast with mental health policy that does not address the complexity of (indirect) discrimination on the basis of age for OPMH. Although this report only includes the views of twelve people it raises a number of important issues that are worthy of further exploration. This is particularly important for policy and commissioners who need to progress on the basis of up to date evidence. The consultation will inform development for research proposals and bids following exploratory literature reviews on topics raised.
    • Tackling the personal tutoring conundrum: A qualitative study on the impact of developmental support for tutors

      Walker, Ben; University of Lincoln (SAGE Publications, 2020-06-10)
      The significance of personal tutoring continues to increase as a result of contextual developments and the outcomes of key research on student retention and success, and yet these developments simultaneously create significant challenges in delivery within the pastoral model of personal tutoring. In addition, it remains an under-developed and under-researched area. Personal tutors’ needs and concerns have been established, and assessment of an intervention to address them has been recommended. This study examines the impact of the intervention of tailored professional development materials for tutoring within a pastoral model created in response to these issues. It reveals the usefulness of this developmental support and the need for such guidance for this work. It is argued that there are implications in terms of approaches to tutoring within this pastoral model, developmental support provision and a need for consistency of standards in personal tutoring across the sector.
    • Tackling unemployment, supporting business and developing careers

      Hooley, Tristram; Devins, David; Watts, A. G.; Hutchinson, Jo; Marriott, John; Walton, Fiona; University of Derby, iCeGS; Leeds Metropolitan University, Policy Research Institute (PRI) (UKCES, 2012-05)
      The issue of unemployment remains high on the political agenda. However, there is evidence that employers can be wary of employing people who are out of work. Employer practice is key, both in terms of providing employment opportunities to job seekers, and in providing space for low-skilled people to develop their skills and cement their attachment to the labour market. This report discusses the role of career guidance in mediating between job seekers and employers to allow both to achieve their objectives.
    • A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

      Pepping, Christopher A.; Lyons, Anthony; McNair, Ruth; Kirby, James N.; Petrocchi, Nicola; Gilbert, Paul; La Trobe University; University of Melbourne; University of Queensland; John Cabot University; et al. (Biomed Central, 2017-03-01)
      Background: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults. This is despite research highlighting unique predictors of depressive symptomatology in this population. Here we outline a protocol for an RCT that will test the preliminary efficacy of a tailored compassion-focused therapy (CFT) intervention for young LGB adults compared with a self-directed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with no specific tailoring for LGB individuals.
    • Tailoring force-displacement characteristics in medium-stroke linear variable reluctance actuators

      Clark, Richard E.; Jewell, Geraint; Stewart, Paul; Howe, Dave; University of Sheffield (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2002-12-10)
      The paper is concerned with the design of medium-stroke variable reluctance actuators that exploit the tangential component of force. A method of compensating for the roll-off in force as the stator and armature come into full alignment is presented, and the scope which this offers to tailor the force-displacement characteristic to meet the demands of a particular application is illustrated by means of a case study. The case study includes finite element analysis and experimental measurements on an actuator having a stroke of 8 mm and a rated force capability of 60 N.
    • Tailoring the interfacial adhesion of anodised TiO2 nanotubes on Ti-6Al-4V alloy for medical implants

      Danookdharree, Urvashi; Le, Huirong; Handy, Richard; Tredwin, Christopher; University of Plymouth (2014-09)
      Self-assembled nano-structure on the surface of bone/dental implants has attracted significant interest in the last few decades. In this context, anodic TiO2 nanotubes have been shown to have a beneficial effect on osteoblast differentiation and bone formation around implant [1-2]. However, there is uncertainty about the interfacial adhesion to substrate as a surface coating for medical implants [3]. In this study, the effects of anodising conditions on the morphology, composition and interfacial adhesion of the nanotubes grown on titanium alloy were investigated with various electrolytes, pH values and voltage seep rate.
    • Taking crime seriously: Playing the weighting game

      Ignatans, Dainis; Pease, Ken; University of Derby (Oxford Academic, 2015-09-18)
      The advantages and problems of weighting crime counts by harm inflicted are detailed. To obtain a better understanding of crime trends and distributions, victim judgements of the seriousness of offences committed against them derived from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) were analysed and used as weights of crime counts. The data were used to check whether there was a seriousness drop paralleling the crime drop of recent decades. There was, albeit somewhat less precipitous. Series crimes (i.e. repeated crimes against the same targets and presumed to be by the same perpetrators) account for an astonishing 39% of all crime and around 42% of crime weighted by seriousness. The article focuses on distributions across households. In line with our earlier work on crime events per se, the most victimized households have benefited most from the seriousness ‘drop’ in absolute terms, but still account for a similar proportion of total harm over time. A case is made for the use of CSEW victim seriousness judgement for a variety of analytic and practical purposes.
    • A tale of two systems – Library Plus and Discover: EDS at the University of Derby

      Kay, James; Martindale, Graham; University of Derby (2016-07-06)
      In the autumn of 2013 the University of Derby Library launched Library Plus, our name for the EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS), aimed exclusively at HE students. The Library launched a second EDS tool named Discover in 2015, used by FE and Access Students attending our partner organisation Buxton & Leek College. As a member of the working team involved in the implementation of Discover, I had the opportunity to help set up, design and test a new EDS tool from scratch. This presentation will describe how Discover was created, the problems I encountered during implementation, and the successes and lessons I learnt from introducing EDS in an FE institution. Discover also presented the Library with new opportunities to look at the functionality of Library Plus, and how to promote it more effectively to our HE students. It also highlights the challenges of maintaining two similar, but altogether different EDS systems, for the needs of an increasingly diverse student body.
    • A tale of two systems: Discovery at the University of Derby

      Kay, James; University of Derby (2017-04-10)
    • Talent management and the HRIS specialist: a narrative analysis

      Tansley, Carole; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2010)
    • Talent management: research on practice

      Tansley, Carole; Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Nottingham Trent University (CIPDLondon, 2007)
    • Talent management: the executive view

      Tansley, Carole; Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Stewart, Jim; Sempik, Anne; Turner, Paul; Williams, Hazel; Nottingham Trent University (CIPDLondon, 2007)
    • Talent management: understanding the dimensions change agenda

      Tansley, Carole; Harris, Lynette; Stewart, K.; Turner, Paul; Foster, Carley; Williams, Hazel; Nottingham Trent University (CIPDLondon, 2006)
    • Talent: strategy, management, measurement

      Tansley, Carole; Turner, Paul; Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Stewart, James; Sempik, Anne; Williams, Hazel; Nottingham Trent University (CIPDLondon, 2007)
    • Talk about success: BU women academics speak.

      Ashencaen Crabtree, Sara; Speith, Nivien; Choe, Jae; Bournemouth University (Women's Academic Nework, Catford Print Centre, 2018-01)
      Established in 2013 the Women’s Academic Network (WAN) at Bournemouth University is a non-corporate, collegial nexus of women academics and female postgraduate researchers drawn from across the four Faculties. The aim of WAN is to act as a support group, while promoting the profiles of women scholars and lobbying on a range of institutional barriers that impact upon women’s academic careers. WAN has enjoyed considerable success in pursing these goals during its short lifespan. Annually WAN co-convenors have held a range of important speaker, panel and conferences events and promotional activities, as well as acting as patrons of local cultural exhibitions and performances serving to highlight the extraordinary talent of women, as well as their gendered oppression - both of which too often goes unrecognised. In this book, inspired by Jo Bostock’s (2016) The Meaning of Success: Insights from women at Cambridge, WAN co-convenors wondered how women colleagues would respond to what they think the loaded term ‘success’ means at Bournemouth University – and so we decided to ask them. Invited to participate from across ranks, disciplines, ethnicity, nationality and age, the reader will find numerous narratives from a diverse group of women academics, all of whom, regardless of differences, reflect deeply on what success means for them. Taken together the collection is illuminating, surprising, witty, moving, punchy and, ultimately, inspiring.
    • Talking about career: the language used by and with young people to discuss life, learning and work

      Moore, Nicki; Hooley, Tristram; University of Derby, iCeGS (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby., 2012-04-25)
      This report describes the findings of research conducted by the International Centre for Guidance Studies (iCeGS) at the University of Derby on behalf of the national HE STEM programme. The research set out to understand how young people conceptualise career vocabulary in order to help those tasked with supporting their career decision making to do so in a way which was both engaging and effective. The research found that there is considerable confusion about a range of career vocabulary both amongst young people themselves and between young people and the adults who seek to influence and inform their careers. This report has also argued that confusion about vocabulary cannot simply be solved by teaching young people the “correct” meaning of different words. The report explores the relationship between the words that we use to talk about career and the way that we think about career. In particular it examines how the different vocabulary and conceptions of career held by young people and adults complicate the career learning that takes place both in school and outside of school. The report notes that current policy suggests that schools are going to have to take increasing levels of control over careers education and a key element of this is supporting teachers and other adults working with young people to talk more effectively about careers and related issues. The report argues that it is important that career educators attend to the career literacy levels of learners and pay close attention to the career vocabularies that they utilise. In particular an argument is made that those young people who are considering STEM careers have additional vocabulary and concepts to learn that relate to the disciplines and sectors within which STEM careers are pursued. The report explores how people talk about career and identifies a range of factors that are likely to influence this. It demonstrates that there is considerable diversity in the ways in which people define and use a word like “career”. It notes that people often use metaphors to describe the concept of career and identifies a wide range of different metaphors that people use. As with the choice of particular vocabulary, the choice of metaphor suggests different ideas about career which educators are likely to want to explore and, at times, challenge. The research was conducted during autumn 2011 and involved interviews with 82 young people, and nine career helpers from schools and organisations largely based in the Midlands. This is a small scale study and the results are therefore presented to open up debate and thinking in this area and do not constitute an exhaustive exploration of the subject. The main findings of the research are presented under five headings each of which represents a major theme of the research.
    • Targeted ensemble machine classification approach for supporting IOT enabled skin disease detection

      Yu, Hong Qing; Reiff-Marganiec, Stephan; University of Derby (IEEE, 2021-03-26)
      The fast development of the Internet of Things (IoT) changes our life in many areas, especially in the health domain. For example, remote disease diagnosis can be achieved more efficiently with advanced IoT-technologies which not only include hardware but also smart IoT data processing and learning algorithms, e.g. image-based disease classification. In this paper, we work in a specific area of skin condition classification. This research work aims to provide an implementable solution for IoT-led remote skin disease diagnosis applications. The research output can be concluded into three folders. The first folder is about dynamic AI model configuration supported IoT-Fog-Cloud remote diagnosis architecture with hardware examples. The second folder is the evaluation survey regarding the performances of machine learning models for skin disease detection. The evaluation contains a variety of data processing methods and their aggregations. The evaluation takes account of both training-testing and cross-testing validations on all seven conditions and individual condition. In addition, the HAM10000 dataset is picked for the evaluation process according to the suitability comparisons to other relevant datasets. In the evaluation, we discuss the earlier work of ANN, SVM and KNN models, but the evaluation process mainly focuses on six widely applied Deep Learning models of VGG16, Inception, Xception, MobileNet, ResNet50 and DenseNet161. The result shows that each of the top four models for the major seven skin conditions has better performance for the specific condition than others. Based on the evaluation discovery, the last folder proposes a novel classification approach of the Targeted Ensemble Machine Classify Model (TEMCM) to enable dynamically combining a suitable model in a two-phase detection process. The final evaluation result shows the proposed model can archive better performance.
    • Targeted transgene integration overcomes variability of position effects in zebrafish.

      Roberts, Jennifer Anne; Miguel-Escalada, Irene; Slovik, Katherine Joan; Walsh, Kathleen Theodora; Hadzhiev, Yavor; Sanges, Remo; Stupka, Elia; Marsh, Elizabeth Kate; Balciuniene, Jorune; Balciunas, Darius; et al. (2014-01-21)
      Zebrafish transgenesis is increasingly popular owing to the optical transparency and external development of embryos, which provide a scalable vertebrate model for in vivo experimentation. The ability to express transgenes in a tightly controlled spatio-temporal pattern is an important prerequisite for exploitation of zebrafish in a wide range of biomedical applications. However, conventional transgenesis methods are plagued by position effects: the regulatory environment of genomic integration sites leads to variation of expression patterns of transgenes driven by engineered cis-regulatory modules. This limitation represents a bottleneck when studying the precise function of cis-regulatory modules and their subtle variants or when various effector proteins are to be expressed for labelling and manipulation of defined sets of cells. Here, we provide evidence for the efficient elimination of variability of position effects by developing a PhiC31 integrase-based targeting method. To detect targeted integration events, a simple phenotype scoring of colour change in the lens of larvae is used. We compared PhiC31-based integration and Tol2 transgenesis in the analysis of the activity of a novel conserved enhancer from the developmentally regulated neural-specific esrrga gene. Reporter expression was highly variable among independent lines generated with Tol2, whereas all lines generated with PhiC31 into a single integration site displayed nearly identical, enhancer-specific reporter expression in brain nuclei. Moreover, we demonstrate that a modified integrase system can also be used for the detection of enhancer activity in transient transgenesis. These results demonstrate the power of the PhiC31-based transgene integration for the annotation and fine analysis of transcriptional regulatory elements and it promises to be a generally desirable tool for a range of applications, which rely on highly reproducible patterns of transgene activity in zebrafish.
    • Targeting complement cascade: an alternative strategy for COVID-19

      Ram Kumar Pandian, Sureshbabu; Arunachalam, Sankarganesh; Deepak, Venkataraman; Kunjiappan, Selvaraj; Sundar, Krishnan; Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil, Tamilnadu, India; University of Derby (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-10-19)
      The complement system is a stakeholder of the innate and adaptive immune system and has evolved as a crucial player of defense with multifaceted biological effects. Activation of three complement pathways leads to consecutive enzyme reactions resulting in complement components (C3 and C5), activation of mast cells and neutrophils by anaphylatoxins (C3a and C5a), the formation of membrane attack complex (MAC) and end up with opsonization. However, the dysregulation of complement cascade leads to unsolicited cytokine storm, inflammation, deterioration of alveolar lining cells, culminating in acquired respiratory destructive syndrome (ARDS). Similar pathogenesis is observed with the middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS), severe acquired respiratory syndrome (SARS), and SARS-CoV-2. Activation of the lectin pathway via mannose-binding lectin associated serine protease 2 (MASP2) is witnessed under discrete viral infections including COVID-19. Consequently, the spontaneous activation and deposits of complement components were traced in animal models and autopsy of COVID-19 patients. Pre-clinical and clinical studies evidence that the inhibition of complement components results in reduced complement deposits on target and non-target tissues, and aid in recovery from the pathological conditions of ARDS. Complement inhibitors (monoclonal antibody, protein, peptide, small molecules, etc.) exhibit great promise in blocking the activity of complement components and its downstream effects under various pathological conditions including SARS-CoV. Therefore, we hypothesize that targeting the potential complement inhibitors and complement cascade to counteract lung inflammation would be a better strategy to treat COVID-19.