• S.A.S v France : supporting 'living together' or forced assimilation?

      Yusuf, Hakeem O.; University of Strathclyde (Brill Academic Publishers, 2014-11-19)
      The Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights has upheld the French law which prohibits the concealment of one’s face in public places. The law is directed principally at prohibiting Muslim women covering their faces in public spaces in France. The decision of the Strasbourg Court is premised on the French notion of ‘le vivre ensemble’; ‘living together.’ This critical analysis of the judgment contends that the decision is flawed and retrogressive for women’s rights in particular and undermines the socio-cultural rights and freedoms of individuals who belong to minority groups in general. On wider implications of the decision, it is worrisome that the decision appears to pander to dangerous political leanings currently growing in many parts of Europe and beyond. The Court risks promoting forced assimilation policies against minorities in various parts of the world. To illustrate its implications, the article highlights the experience of the Uyghurs, a Turkic ethnic group in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China.
    • S.H.E.D

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby (2020-09-16)
      This research paper introduces S.H.E.D the Social Higher Education Depot and its various research-generation activities known as 'shedding' ; that has come out of that initial artistic research project. It addresses the research question of how do we design dialogue through socially and dialogically engaged practice. Thinking about the ‘Social Turn’ (Bishop 2010), placemaking (Courage, 2019) and the blend of design and performative approach to artistic practice. And how through site-specific practice to create a work of art, in this case S.H.E.D, was able to generate a reconfigurable space for socially motivated work, and as a vehicle for research and consultation space. In this presentation, Jones introduces her thinking about how the purpose of S.H.E.D as an artistic research project is seeking ways to bridges the gap between H.E and reach out to society to fulfil a civic duty. In this way, Jones considers how artist practice can offer insight into how we address the long term issues and impact of ‘shedding’ It is suggested that art is a social action model where S.H.E.D is the ‘mechanism for social engagement and change through participation’ (Sholette and Bass, 2018) . The talk blended the theoretical underpinning of S.H.E.D with its practice and community engagement, whilst introducing the impact and civic action that it has both supported and generated. The talk also describes the research journey to date - setting out its ambitions for 2021-23 and outlines how the project has become a CiC , and the first spin out company from the University of Derby. To date S.H.E.D has contributed to the KEF Shortlisted for Shed of the Year in the unexpected category 2020 Finalist for the GreenGown Awards for Benefiting Society Category, 2020 To date the project has engaged with over 4000 individuals. 187 artists, and 260 young people. Financial Research and Development Grants awarded by: Arts Council England Vice Chancellors Idea Forum Derby County Community Trust Derby Theatre This is Derby Reimagine This is Derby In Good Company BigHouse2 InDialogue
    • S.H.E.D at Departure Lounge Festival 2019

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby; Derby Theatre; In Good Company; Departure Lounge Festival 2019 (In Good Company, 2019-07-18)
      This was the premier outing for S.H.E.D which had been commissioned by In Good Company to be the outdoor venue for the Departure Lounge festival 2019. This installation provided the opportunity to explore how S.H.E.D could reconfigure to support multiple activities over the course of 3 days. Dr Jones was invited to commission works that would be appropriate to the research ambitions of S.H.E.D and the notion of how the projects presented are dealing with, or exploring through artistic practice ways to shed preconceptions about people and place. It was also a research-generation residency for the wider S.H.E.D team, to develop installation and design methods - test out the physical limits and possibilities for the installation. This project was funded by BigHouse2 and for Departure Lounge 2019, S.H.E.D was premiered as a Site-Specific installation, reconfigurable mobile arts space as an exploration of spatial and temporal limitations to time and It is concerned with the dialectic exchanges between S.H.E.D and the places in which its meaning is defined. Oppositions between space/place, place/non-place (Marc Auge), and immobility/movement, public/private to articulate the spatial and temporal limitations that delineate this site-specific practice and its experience. S.H.E.D positioned itself both as an artwork and outdoor venue for Departure Lounge, located in Debry Theatre car park. And, as a live research project through which Jones created an environment in which the spectator–object relationship was highlighted in relation to place, and ‘site-specificity’ (Kaye 2000: 3). The location was noted as a critical aspect for the research process as well as the activities that were delivered in S.H.E.D and the selected configurations. A triangulation for research methodology was established: place-space-design. In order to test this, three configurations were designed and works were commissioned to specially respond to the designs selected; and in turn to support the delivery of the activity / performance undertaken in S.H.E.D. To test this, the three designs created were: S.H.E.D performance space for Inspiration Exchange (Dr Alexander Kelly, Artistic Director Third Angel and Reader Performance from Leeds Beckett), S.H.E.D Closed space with pods as waiting areas (Jake Bowen, one to one performance Plea Bargain), S.H.E.D Cinema space (series of 11 artists film works co-curated with Transnational Dialogues). Changing the constructions and its purpose was part of the enquiry tested at Departure Lounge festival that saw over 800 visitors. As a result, the configuration created supported Jones in the delivery of a series of bespoke spaces, and activities and tested its design, conceptual and methodological underpinning. To this end, the project adopts the position that in this way, the artistic field itself can function as an ‘environment’ and the S.H.E.D offered a unique outdoor environment for the festival, whilst also supporting the transformation of the designs over the course of the festival. Every day S.H.E.D was encountered in a different configuration. Commissioned by Jones for S.H.E.D: Alexander Kelly, Jake Bowen, Phil Harris, UK; ;a place, of their own, UK/IR; Third Angel, UK; Kelly + Jones, Germany/UK; Francesca Steele, UK; Wellington Dias, Brazil; Marc Bosward, UK; Tom Estes, Spain; Zohu Bin, China. S.H.E.D Team: Sarah Webb, Mark Hawkhead, Simon Burrows, Victoria Barker, Ben Anderson. “The S.H.E.D became the perfect outdoor versatile venue, allowing us to present different works throughout the festival and handle the different weather conditions the festival always endures. From a shed, to a stage, to an outdoor cinema, it was a feature of the festival from 2019 and something we’ll always remember. To think that its legacy since that first premier has been cemented so spectacularly with tours across the region and providing work for artists, and space for artistic intervention. We are immensely proud to have played a pivotal role in that.” Ben Anderson, Creative Producer, In Good Company and Departure Lounge Festival.
    • S.H.E.D at InDialogue Symposium 2019

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby (2019-11-21)
      S.H.E.D was commissioned to be situated at Nottingham Contemporary to support a series of dialogic engagement between artists, researchers and InDialogue delegates. It hosted a series of bespoke activities to showcase the diversity of its design and demonstrate how the concept of S.H.E.D can work across mix-media and artists and performative disciplines. The programme of activity was presented through both the S.H.E.D (situated outside Nottingham Contemporary) and through the PODS, which are smaller developed spaces for engagement and in this case, they were curated to be positioned on the stairwell, as an in-between space. The Programme consisted of Photographic exhibition, Presentation of work in progress sharing by Pinchbeck and Smith for 'A Seventh Man', a new show designed for a limited capacity audience situated in the S.H.E.D. This sharing showed how they have adapted the space in relation to their show's themes on migration and work. Dr Alexander Kelly, performed a bespoke version of The Inspiration Exchange, for S.H.E.D - which provided an alternative site for artists, researchers and delegates to come together in the S.H.E.D and experience it as a communal space for discourse. The pods showed film footage from Huw Davis and Phil Basi and Dr Neil Powell from Norwich University of the Arts.
    • S.H.E.D launch research event

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby (2019-07-03)
      Principle Investigator Dr Rhiannon Jones created a S.H.E.D panel and launch event as a research-generation activity in order to address the question ‘how does artistic research engage or engineer alternative sites for practice?’ Panelists were invited to discuss this question alongside Jones and with a live audience of key stakeholders, public and artists, researchers and industry to galvanise the initial concept and reflect on the design process ahead of piloting S.H.E.D and placing the live research process into the public domain. The panel members discussed the impact that mobile projects have on cultural, social and political discourse on placemaking for cities. Reference was made to the thinking of Ezio Manzini (2019), Marc Auge (2006) and Grant Kester (2009) and the role of art in the public realm and notions of placemaking, see Cara Courage (2018). This research-generation event also provided an opportunity to reflect on the ambitions for S.H.E.D to be a literal and metaphorical vehicle for the transformation of dialogue. Alongside the panel Jones invited CAMEo from the University of Leicester to present their initial findings for the first time about ‘How it takes a Region to Raise an Artist’. This work supported by CVAN was presented exclusively by Dr Antoinette Burchill who shared the findings with this key group of individuals in attendance who would feed into this dissemination process. The findings of this research undertaken by CAMEo provided an important contextual framework on the timely application of the research enquiry being undertaken through S.H.E.D. and for Jones’ ambitions for S.H.E.D to engage with others through its use as a mobile research incubation space, public venue and mobile arts space. Panelists: Professor Alex Nunn, University of Derby; Dr Vishalakshi Roy, Centre for Cultural & Media Policy Studies, University of Warwick; Ben Anderson, Creative Producer, In Good Company; Dr Rhiannon Jones, University of Derby; Rebecca Beinart, Engagement Curator for Primary & artist, Nottingham; Dr Victoria Barker, University of Derby; Dr. Nick Owen MBE, CEO The Mighty Creatives; Chaired by: Dr Michael Pinchbeck, University of Lincoln. It was the first public showcasing of the S.H.E.D and PODS with over 100 members of the public in attendance at the launch event, from academia, cultural sector, industry and the independent arts sector. The panel was followed by a series of live works presented on S.H.E.D music (Chloe Rogers), performance reading by (actor Hayley Doherty) and digital projection works (Marc Bosward). Attendees came from a range of cities including: Sheffield, Manchester, London, Nottingham, Derby, Lincoln, Mansfield. There was also opportunity at the event to reflect on the build process, panel discussion and future scoping for research and development. It brought together academics, researchers, industry partners, funders and students who had worked on the project with lead principal investigator Dr Rhiannon Jones. Partners: Big House2, In Good Company, Derby County Community Trust, Cultural Campus, Primary. Dr Nick Owen MBE, CEO of The Mighty Creatives: “This is a fascinating project because it’s going to enable local communities, in the strangest of places, to engage with artists in the strangest of ways. We’re going to find out a lot about those communities and those places in ways we’ve not anticipated.”
    • S.H.E.D Models

      Jones, Rhiannon; Slabbert, Barend; Simon, Burrows; Jones, Kevin; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2019-06)
      Dr Jones commissioned three scale models of S.H.E.D the Social Higher Education Depot, to be created as a research generation tool (in consultation with Barend Slabbert and Simon Burrows). The models were built in collaboration with Simon Burrows and Barend Slabbert. The most popular 3 designs out of the 15 designs were focused on. By doing this, Jones was able to study them as objects and assess their shape, form and purpose. The models pushed the role of model design in that they extended their purpose beyond being a scale model to see, but rather, they were created to be engaged with, to touch and play with and to observe how a co-creative approach to the design process could be identified at a model scale level. To do this, the models were shared with cultural partners, industry and other researchers involved in the project. As a result, it was noted that the concept of a reconfigurable space – even in model form - acted as a trigger point for discourse. Furthermore, the understanding of social practice (placemaking) is defined by the granular and nuanced, the models in their construction worked with this and so there was synergy between the theoretical underpins of the project and the design of the models. The local understanding of how the models were formed, shaped and re-shaped alluded to this conceptualisation for placemaking through the act of model making. As a structure, the models came to represent elements of co-existence, every element adjoining to another specific component. As Michel du Certeau defined place is being “an instantaneous configuration of positions” p173. To this end, the models were a research-generating design process to both further the understanding of how S.H.E.D could be reconfigured and used as a site (even in small scale) for designing discourse. It also became a sculptural form that exposed the theoretical and conceptual underlings for the project. To this end, the generation of the models created: Provided an opportunity to study the three most selected configurations of S.H.E.D in 2019 for the pilot activities that took place with cultural partners and industry; Sought to observe how individuals engaged with the models in order to think about re-configurable spaces; Generated discourse on the potential for other S.H.E.D designs and proposed activities which could occur in the S.H.E.D. In addition to the above noted outcomes and as a result of these findings, the models are commissioned by National Justice Museum (autumn 2020 - winter 2021) to use them as an engagement tool and as a method for inviting the public to talk about play, reconfiguration, reform, justice and protest through playful encounter with the models. This will be done to the design of the museums 'on the road museum' bike which they have commissioned to widen participation with the museum and it will be branded as a shedder bike for the purpose of this project, where the laser cut models will be toured on the back of the bike, taken to different sites, to generate dialogue. The models had also been selected and designed for presentation for the UK Pavilion at Business of Design Week (BODW) 2019, in Hong Kong (cancelled due to riots in Hong Kong) alongside a seminar entitled’The Connected Maker: Shaping the Future’ in which Dr Jones and Head of School of Arts David McGravie were to articulate the benefits of Derby’s trans-disciplinary approach to learning and teaching, which is best demonstrated through the School of Arts in which ‘creative risk taking, creative resilience and ambition’ develop a question led approach to study and equips students with the right ethos and approach to ensure that they are adaptable and ready to respond to new challenges and opportunities. This approach was to be explored through S.H.E.D as a case study, to illustrate how the research is focused around modelling / designing a defined space to bring together groups of individuals who have diverse backgrounds and experiences with a view that in doing that, it can start to question and answer some of the yet unasked questions that will affect society, culture and individuals. How does artistic design research engage or engineer alternative sites for practice? This presentation will explore the impact that mobile projects have on cultural, social discourse on placemaking for cities. An opportunity to reflect on the ambitions for S.H.E.D to be a literal and metaphorical vehicle for the transformation of dialogue. #SheddingPreconceptions #Shed. the creator of the exhibition design material for BODW was Kevin Jones, University of Derby, 2019.
    • S.H.E.D panel at InDialogue 2019

      Jones, Rhiannon; Courage, Cara; Nunn, Alex; Barker, Victoria; Tate Exchange; Derby Theatre; University of Derby (InDialogue, 2019-11-19)
      This panel will discuss the impact that mobile projects have on cultural, social and political discourse and notions of placemaking (Courage, 2017) or place shaping for cities. It is an opportunity for reflection on the ambitions and lessons learnt for S.H.E.D as a literal and metaphorical vehicle for the design of dialogue. Professor Alex Nunn will describe the way in which intersectional inequalities are produced and reproduced across space and time and explore the ways in which these dynamics might shape the way that we collect and analyse data about inequality. Dr Rhiannon Jones will focus her input on the impact that artistic practice has on engaging or engineering alternative sites for social, creative and cultural engagement. Dr Victoria Barker will draw on her research into the creation of cultural ecosystems and the interdisciplinary nature of artistic practice. To this end, Barker will focus on how cities are a site for cultural policy and dialogue. Together, Barker and Jones will reflect on how their individual areas of research weave together through their collaboration on the interdisciplinary project S.H.E.D.
    • S.H.E.D This is Derby

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby; This is Derby; Derby County Community Trust (University of Derby, 2019-07-13)
      This research enquiry positioned S.H.E.D as a city-based site responsive socio-political and public space that consciously disrupted the institutional and cultural market place context for artistic practice. In partnership with Opportunity Area and Derby County Community Trust S.H.E.D was commissioned for This is Derby Celebration Event to install S.H.E.D as a pilot outing. The event was entitled “There’s nothing to do in Derby” – was a one-day celebration event like no other. Saturday 13 July 3-8pm at Derby’s Market Place celebrated the talents and achievements of our young people in a vibrant takeover in Derby’s city centre. A fusion of arts, culture and sports activities and performances brought the Market Place to life for everyone to enjoy and inspire our city – that actually does have a lot to offer! The day concluded with a spectacular finale. Every school & youth group across the city that engaged with This is Derby helped support the young people we have been working with to take part in the celebration. To do this, the S.H.E.D project developed a research process that brought together a broad range of contributors including schools, musicians, dance, sport, fine and performing arts and design academic theorists and political and social science, in addition to practicing artists, architects, and designers, young person mentors, and cultural partners from across Derby. The project required Jones and her team to working with The Paper Birds Theatre Company, This is Derby Cultural Producers, Will Turner and Alix Manning-Jones, PlusOne and Professor Alex Nunn from University of Derby. Through this collaborative and co-creative approach to working a devised show was created with PlusOne Care leavers dealing with notions of home and place and reflect on their relationship to Derby. By attending rehearsals, a work in progress sharing at BabyPeople where Dr Jones was able to talk with the young persons about the design of S.H.E.D to support the development and delivery of the show.,a performance configuration was codesigned which generated a safe space that was co-created with them to enable them to feel confident to perform to over 1500 people in attendance at the celebration event. Working with the project partners, Dr Jones generated a bespoke configuration. To do this, it required an in depth understanding of the parameters of the show, the themes and personal challenges that the young people were facing about performing. Linked with this was thinking about S.H.E.D in terms of its practical and logistical requirements as a public installation in the city centre of Derby for the market place. Working then with Walk the Plank, producers of the city centre event we were able to discuss the location and how the space would be engaged during the day when the show was not taking place. To do this, Dr Jones worked with Professor Alex Nunn to use the S.H.E.D as a consultation space for research-generation activity. This was a new development for S.H.E.D to be a vehicle for research. In addition to this, and to support this through thinking about a new approach to how design can facilitate dialogue, Dr Jones proposed that three pod spaces could be created, which were commissioned by Derby County Community Trust to be created as sustainable 3x3m pods to offer additional site-responsive areas to extend the footprint of S.H.E.D in the market place and to also offer alternative spaces for contemplation and interaction outside of the main structure of S.H.E.D – these pods became additional micro-sites for discourse into the impact of This is Derby, which in turn, extended the role of S.H.E.D as a consultation space. S.H.E.D tested out the question to what extent can a mobile, site specific and co-creative space generate discourse with the public about how design can support dialogue – in this case, centred on the impact of how pop up spaces offer a fundamental platform for unheard voices. Of note, was the added discourse on notions of home and placemaking – linking to gathered reflections on the housing crisis in the UK, care-leavers experiences and their ideas about home and for their own future and that of others. The presence of S.H.E.D at this event, the level of interaction and engagement with members of the public and cultural partners in the city led to a further invitation to conduct a schools’ tour across Derby to take the S.H.E.D to continue to engage with young people and provide a platform for access to arts and cultural activity
    • S.H.E.D. – Design for Emergency

      Jones, Rhiannon; Barker, Victoria; Colombo, Sara; Ciuccarelli, Paolo; CHEAD (CHEAD, 2021-03-17)
      This presentation introduces the Design for Emergency research project, an open design platform launched in 2020 at the Center for Design (Northeastern University, Boston) to collaborate on design solutions and confront the COVID-19 emergency. Design for Emergency is led by Dr Sara Colombo and Prof Paolo Ciuccarelli and gathers a global team of researchers across 11 countries. They will discuss the first design activity built on results of an international survey and a design challenge in Brazil. As well as offering insights into how this research project reconfigures design needs and purpose, their introduction provides a refreshing take on a global understanding of the role that design challenges perform in order to build solutions that address the problems and challenges of the pandemic. Dr Rhiannon Jones and Dr Victoria Barker are the lead UK Research partners. Dr Rhiannon Jones and Dr Victoria Barker will share plans for the UK research for this project, building further survey insights and creating a S.H.E.D open design challenge for UK-based designers and artists to test out some of the internationally proposed designs generated as a result of this research initiative.
    • S.H.E.D: A Case Study: Acting locally, thinking globally

      Jones, Rhiannon; Roy, Hanney; Gaio, Ana; Price, Lada; University of Derby; City University, UK; Sheffield Hallam University (Springer/ Palgrave Macmillan, 2020-11-05)
      The research enquiry into how we design for dialogue through the design of a mobile arts and public space, taking the premise of an old garden shed as a starting point presented an opportunity for students at University of Derby to work on the live artist led research project entitled S.H.E.D, the Social Higher Education Depot. Through this live project Dr Rhiannon Jones was able to explore how this live project functioned as a model of best practice. As a result of this, it was invited to be a case study in this new book by Palgrave on 'Applied Pedagogies for Higher Education' in the chapter that focuses on 'Making Projects Real in a Higher Education Context'. It provides a clear critique and example of how a live project, such as S.H.E.D can be an engaged practice-led-research activity that can also work as a project that directly engages students in the Higher Education Context. The Case Study provides an overview of the S.H.E.D Social Higher Education Depot teaching engaged aspects of the project and lessons learnt.
    • S.H.E.D: Design for Emergency

      Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby (DESIS, 2020-11)
      Design for Emergency is a global research enquiry, looking at Covid19, as a design challenge, and is building solutions that address the problems, needs and emotions of people living in confinement in different countries. It is an open design platform launched in 2020 at the Center for Design (Northeastern University, Boston) to collaborate on design solutions and confront the COVID-19 emergency. Design for Emergency is led by Dr Sara Colombo and Prof Paolo Ciuccarelli and gathers a global team of researchers across 11 countries. For this global research project, Jones was invited, to test out S.H.E.D, as reconfigurable and mobile space, as a methodological design solution; to demonstrate how its, (S.H.E.D’s), design has supported delivery of cultural activity and provided researchers with a mobile consultation space for research projects through a pandemic. S.H.E.D has successfully adapted its design potential and specifications to be able to operate in a covid secure manner. Led by Jones, and working with the S.H.E.D team, Simon Burrows, Sarah Webb, Byron Manning, Ollie Smith and Victoria Barker they developed a design and tour-able project. This was shared by Jones, and disseminated with the research leads by Dr Sara Colombo and Prof Paolo Ciuccarelli, to provide the global research partners with a case study of how to engage in discourse with the public and each other as a research-generation space and design object. As a result of this initial research, Dr Jones’ was invited to be the UK research lead partner for the Design for Emergency Project. S.H.E.D will continue to contribute to the capturing of data about the impact globally of covid19 from a design perspective, and on daily life for the UK public. Working with DESIS Design for Emergency, the first research project was undertaken in 2020, entitled S.H.E.D: Design for Emergency, Jones designed a project where S.H.E.D worked in partnership with The Gramophones Theatre Company and designer Cory Shipp, to create a unique S.H.E.D experience, for parents and child through the creation of a digital soundscape performance at Lakeside Arts, Nottingham, UK. Supported by Arts Council England, S.H.E.D and The Gramophones created a site and sound specific experience, to put playfulness and fun back into parenting / home-schooling balance as a result of the impact of lockdown. To capture this, members of the public, (parent and child) who were to attend the show / site specific experience hosted at S.H.E.D, would be asked to complete the UK, version of the Design for Emergency research survey, led by Dr Jones and Dr Victoria Barker, as part of the global knowledge exchange and consultation process for the wider DESIS Design for Emergency project. To this end, Jones’ has been able to provide S.H.E.D as a design solution example, within this international context. Through its continued touring activity and engagement with the public, through tier3 and 4 in Lockdown, due to its innovative outdoor design solutions that have been re-designed and can adapt to Covid19 safety measures. An additional impact and outcome of this project, can be already noted is that it offers insights into how this research project reconfigures design needs and purpose, S.H.E.D provides a refreshing take on a global understanding of the role that design challenges perform in order to build solutions that address the problems and challenges of the pandemic. To this end, Dr Rhiannon Jones and Dr Victoria Barker have now been invited to provide a paper at CHEAD Annual conference 2021, to share plans for the UK research for this project, building further survey insights and creating a S.H.E.D open design challenge for UK-based designers and artists to test out some of the internationally proposed designs generated as a result of this research initiative. Contributors Hannah Stone Ria Ashcroft Patricia Davenport Cory Shipp Rebecca Peyton Anna Clock Simon Burrows Sarah Webb Mark Hawkhead Ollie Smith Byron Manning Victoria Barker Partner Venue The Gramophones Lakeside Arts Delayed due to Covid.
    • S/Z/COOPER/COOPER: Barthes with Twin Peaks: The Return

      Sims, Robin; University of Derby (Cardiff University, 2020-11-12)
    • SafeWeb: a Middleware for securing Ruby-based web applications

      Hosek, Petr; Migliavacca, Matteo; Papagiannis, Ioannis; Eyers, David M.; Evans, David; Shand, Brian; Bacon, Jean; Pietzuch, Peter; Imperial College London; University of Cambridge; et al. (Springer, 2011-12-12)
      Web applications in many domains such as healthcare and finance must process sensitive data, while complying with legal policies regarding the release of different classes of data to different parties. Currently, software bugs may lead to irreversible disclosure of confidential data in multi-tier web applications. An open challenge is how developers can guarantee these web applications only ever release sensitive data to authorised users without costly, recurring security audits. Our solution is to provide a trusted middleware that acts as a “safety net” to event-based enterprise web applications by preventing harmful data disclosure before it happens. We describe the design and implementation of SafeWeb, a Ruby-based middleware that associates data with security labels and transparently tracks their propagation at different granularities across a multi-tier web architecture with storage and complex event processing. For efficiency, maintainability and ease-of-use, SafeWeb exploits the dynamic features of the Ruby programming lan- guage to achieve label propagation and data flow enforcement. We evaluate SafeWeb by reporting our experience of implementing a web-based cancer treatment application and deploying it as part of the UK National Health Service (NHS).
    • SAHARA: A Simplified AtmospHeric Correction AlgoRithm for Chinese gAofen Data: 1. Aerosol Algorithm.

      She, Lu; Mei, Linlu; Xue, Yong; Che, Yahui; Guang, Jie; University of Derby; Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Bremen (2017-03-09)
      The recently launched Chinese GaoFen-4 (GF4) satellite provides valuable information to obtain geophysical parameters describing conditions in the atmosphere and at the Earth’s surface. The surface reflectance is an important parameter for the estimation of other remote sensing parameters linked to the eco-environment, atmosphere environment and energy balance. One of the key issues to achieve atmospheric corrected surface reflectance is to precisely retrieve the aerosol optical properties, especially Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD). The retrieval of AOD and corresponding atmospheric correction procedure normally use the full radiative transfer calculation or Look-Up-Table (LUT) methods, which is very time-consuming. In this paper, a Simplified AtmospHeric correction AlgoRithm for gAofen data (SAHARA) is presented for the retrieval of AOD and corresponding atmospheric correction procedure. This paper is the first part of the algorithm, which describes the aerosol retrieval algorithm. In order to achieve high-accuracy analytical form for both LUT and surface parameterization, the MODIS Dark-Target (DT) aerosol types and Deep Blue (DB) similar surface parameterization have been proposed for GF4 data. Limited Gaofen observations (i.e., all that were available) have been tested and validated. The retrieval results agree quite well with MODIS Collection 6.0 aerosol product, with a correlation coefficient of R2 = 0.72. The comparison between GF4 derived AOD and Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations has a correlation coefficient of R2 = 0.86. The algorithm, after comprehensive validation, can be used as an operational running algorithm for creating aerosol product from the Chinese GF4 satellite.
    • Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert: ‘Le Bout du monde’, ‘Inferno’ and ‘Purgatorio’ in landscape

      Tracada, Eleni; University of Derby, College of Engineering and Technology (�ditions de l�Esp�rou., 2015-06)
    • Samadhi spa & wellness retreat

      Ramkissoon, H; Monash University (Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 23/08/2013)
    • The same sky - A musical

      Ellis, Daniel; University of Derby; Harvey, Tim; Baggaley, Phil (Guildhall Theatre, 28/06/2016)
      THE SAME SKY is a ‘live’ on-going Musical Theatre project. This research investigates, from the perspective of the composer, the entire creative and technical process of producing a musical, from conception through to performance. The creative collaborative dialogue between composer, author and theatrical director in the production of a new musical will be presented and discussed. Each step has been documented allowing the investigation of the developmental mechanisms, planning, communication and practicalities involved in the launching of such a project. Considerations of the technical practicalities, theatrical possibilities within constrained budgets and how these also effect the compositional and artistic decisions made. It additionally explores the subjective nature of the creative process and questions how the combination of tried and tested compositional methodologies might combine with newer creative skill sets to ignite the development and evolution of a new project. Each step along the production timeline will be illustrated with musical examples to offer insight into the creative process. It is hoped that the research will demonstrate that it is indeed possible to produce a musical with little experience of the genre, providing the appropriate supporting expertise is in place; but this should not diminish the author’s many years experience in the related area of song-writing without which such a venture would be ill-advised.
    • Sample size determination algorithm for fingerprint-based indoor localization systems

      Kanaris, Loizos; Kokkinis, Akis; Fortino, Giancarlo; Liotta, Antonio; Stavrou, Stavros (Elsevier, 2016)
    • Sampling and Describing Glacier Ice

      Toubes-Rodrigo, Mario; Cook, Simon J.; Elliott, David R.; Sen, Robin; University of Derby; Manchester Metropolitan University (British Society for Geomorphology, 2016-02-02)
      Determination of the physical, chemical and biological properties of glacier ice is essential for many aspects of glaciology and glacial geomorphology. In this chapter, we draw principally on examples of the description and sampling of the basal zone of glaciers where the ice is in direct contact with its substrate, and hence is where a great deal of geomorphological work is achieved. Whilst a pre-determined sampling strategy is essential to inform sampling equipment requirements, flexibility in data collection is necessary because of the dynamic nature of glaciers, and variability of ice exposure. Ice description is best achieved through stratigraphic logging, section drawing and photography. Detailed description can include a variety of information about the nature of layering, structures and sediment distribution; the size, shape and roundness of included debris; ice crystallography; and bubble content. It is common practice to categorise descriptively different ice types into cryofacies, so that comparisons can be made between studies. Sample extraction may be required for more detailed analyses of the physical, chemical and microbiological composition of the ice. We outline the use of a number of tools for ice sample extraction, including chainsaws, ice axes, chisels and ice screws.
    • Satellite-like CdS nanoparticles anchoring onto porous NiO nanoplates for enhanced visible-light photocatalytic properties.

      Hu, Hanmei; Wang, Man; Deng, Chonghai; Chen, Jianli; Wang, Aiguo; Le, Huirong; Anhui Jianzhu University; Hefei University; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2018-04-15)
      Novel CdS/NiO nanocomposites assembled by satellite-like CdS nanoparticles anchoring onto porous NiO nanoplates have been fabricated by a step synthesis process, which involves a chemical bathing method followed by a heat treatment, and a microwave-assisted aqueous chemical reaction. The structure and photocatalytic properties of products were characterized by various techniques. More significantly, benefiting from the synergistic effect of CdS/NiO heterojunction, the as-prepared CdS/NiO architectures exhibited superior photocatalytic activity for decolorization of Congo red. The degradation rate on CdS/NiO nanocomposites achieves about 3.5 times higher than that of pure CdS nanocrystals under visible light irradiation for 30 min, suggesting a promising application in water purification.