• The Eag potassium channel as a new prognostic marker in ovarian cancer.

      Asher, Viren; Khan, Raheela; Warren, Averil; Shaw, Robert; Schalkwyk, Gerhard V.; Bali, Anish; Sowter, Heidi M.; Royal Derby Hospital, School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology; University of Derby (2010)
      Ovarian cancer is the second most common cancer of the female genital tract in the United Kingdom (UK), accounting for 6% of female deaths due to cancer. This cancer is associated with poor survival and there is a need for new treatments in addition to existing chemotherapy to improve survival. Potassium (K+) channels have been shown to be overexpressed in various cancers where they appear to play a role in cell proliferation and progression.
    • Early childhood studies: Principles and practice, 2nd ed.

      Johnston, Jane; Nahmad-Williams, Lindy; Wood, Val; Oates, Ruby; Bishop Grosseteste University; Sheffield Hallam University; University of Derby (Routledge, 2018-02-12)
      This fully updated new edition offers a comprehensive, accessible, yet rigorous introduction to the study of Early Childhood that will will add value to any Early Childhood Studies course at both foundation and degree level. Addressing both care and education in the Early Years, the book considers a range of multi-disciplinary aspects of Early Childhood; including health, social, educational, psychological and sociological perspectives.
    • Early detection of an emerging invasive species: eDNA monitoring of a parthenogenetic crayfish in freshwater systems

      Mauvisseau, Quentin; Sweet, Michael; Lyko, Frank; Andriantsoa, Ranja; Tonges, Sina; University of Derby; Surescreen Scientifics Ltd, Morley; German Cancer Research Center, Germany (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre Oy (REABIC), 2019-06-06)
      Procambarus virginalis, also known as the Marmorkrebs is a highly invasive crayfish species characterized by parthenogenetic reproduction. As conservation management plans rely on the accuracy of the presence and distribution information of invasive species, a reliable method is needed for detecting such species in aquatic systems. We developed and validated a qPCR-based assay for monitoring P. virginalis at low abundance, by detecting their eDNA traces left in freshwater systems. We were able to implement this new assay in-situ at two separate lakes in Germany, where the crayfish were known to be present. Furthermore, we did not detect the pathogenic fungus Aphanomyces astaci in the locations where the Marmorkrebs were detected. We conclude that the use of eDNA is therefore a reliable tool for the early detection of this “perfect invader”.
    • Early education

      Simmons, Helen; Nahmad-Williams, Lindy; University of Derby; Sheffield Hallam University (Routledge, 2018-02-12)
    • Early effects of the economic downturn on the Welfare to Work System in deprived areas (WP83)

      Nunn, Alex; Bickerstaffe, Tim; Jassi, Sukky; Wymer, Penny; Leeds Beckett University (Department for Work and Pensions, 2010)
      This report investigates the early effects of the recent economic downturn on the 'welfare to work infrastructure' in deprived areas, in particular how it is able to continue to provide support to the most disadvantaged groups. The report provides context that will inform the Department for Work and Pensions and Jobcentre Plus’ response to the recent (and future) recessions in relation to support for disadvantaged areas and groups. The evidence presented also functions as a qualitative baseline against which the perceived success, within deprived areas, of measures to minimise the long-term impacts of the recession (e.g. the Young Person's Guarantee) canbe considered.
    • Early evaluation of Unistats: user experiences

      Hooley, Tristram; Mellors-Bourne, Robin; Sutton, Moira; University of Derby; Careers Research & Advisory Centre (CRAC) (UK Higher Education Funding Bodies, 2013)
    • Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex

      Maratos, Frances A.; Senior, Carl; Mogg, Karin; Bradley, Brendan P.; Rippon, Gina (2012)
    • The early memories of warmth and safeness scale for adolescents: Cross-sample validation of the complete and brief versions

      Vagos, Paula; Ribeiro da Silva, Diana; Brazão, Nélio; Rijo, Daniel; Gilbert, Paul; University of Coimbra; University of Derby; Research Unit of the Cognitive-Behavioral Research and Intervention Center, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences; University of Coimbra; Coimbra Portugal; Research Unit of the Cognitive-Behavioral Research and Intervention Center, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences; University of Coimbra; Coimbra Portugal; Research Unit of the Cognitive-Behavioral Research and Intervention Center, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences; University of Coimbra; Coimbra Portugal; et al. (Wiley, 2016-12-06)
      This work presents psychometric analyses on the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale, which intends to evaluate the subjective perception of ones' early rearing experiences. Factor structure, measurement invariance, latent mean comparisons and validity in relation to external variables (i.e., forms of self-criticism/self-assurance, experiential avoidance and depressive, anxious and stress symptoms) were investigated. A sample of 1464 adolescents (52.3% male adolescents, mean age = 16.16, standard deviation = 1.51) was used, including 1064 participants recruited from schools, 192 participants recruited from foster care facilities and 208 boys recruited from juvenile justice facilities. A shortened version of the scale was also developed and subjected to the same psychometric analyses. A one-factor measurement model was a good fit for the data taken from both the complete and brief versions of the instrument. Such measures showed to be internally consistent with alpha values higher than 0.89. Evidence for their construct validity in relation to external variables was also found, with correlation values ranging from 0.19 to 0.45 for the complete version and from 0.18 to 0.44 for the brief version of the instrument. The brief version was the only one proving to be gender and sample invariant. Boys and girls scored similarly in their account of early memories, whereas community boys presented significantly higher scores when compared with referred and detained boys. Thus, the brief version of the instrument may be an appropriate alternative for use with diverse adolescent samples and may serve to advance knowledge on how early experiences impact on psychopathological outcomes. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    • The early years professional

      Johnston, Jane; Boldrin, Jenny; Oates, Ruby; University of Derby (Routledge, 2018-02-16)
    • Earth, water, air: Children meaning making: Using ceramics to give form to children’s ideas

      Yates, Ellen; Szenasi, Judith; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2019-04-03)
      This research project involved 120 young children aged 5-7 years old in ceramic workshops creating individual artefacts to form a final exhibition piece. The exhibition was curated by an internationally recognised ceramic artist and exhibited in an historic building in a disadvantaged inner city location to encourage social inclusion and access to the arts by the local community. Inspiration was taken from a permanent ceramic window exhibition at Royal Crown Derby Museum, completed by the artist during a residency in 2000. Royal Crown Derby have been producing bone china ceramics since 1750 and are currently one of the original factories still producing bone china in Britain. The children took inspiration from the ceramic window installation and artefacts within the museum for their designs through observations, drawings and photos. Further inspiration was gained from visits to Arboretum Park, the first publicly owned, landscaped, recreational park in England, opened in 1840 using donated land by Joseph Strutt. The project included children from the local community with a history of exclusion and isolation from cultural institutions and local heritage. The aim of the project was therefore to bring together children, community, local business and cultural institutions and university students through engagement in a collaborative arts project to facilitate access to Royal Crown Derby museum and other cultural institutions. The project gave value to children’s own ideas and supported their creativity, identity and agency. Early findings indicate that barriers exist within the UK education system which mitigate against children’s full participation in the arts and cultural activities, including time constraints due to curriculum pressure and expected outcomes. The location of the exhibition encouraged public reconsideration of the value and placing of children’s art by challenging the idea of separate spaces for the display of adults and children products.
    • Easing the transition from classroom to clinical placement

      Hyde, Emma; University of Derby (European First Year Experience conference, 2014-06-11)
      The findings of my research around the transition first year student radiographers undergo when they start their first clinical placement.
    • Easing the transition: the importance of high quality mentorship in placement support

      Hyde, Emma; University of Derby (UK Radiological Congress 2016, 2016-06-06)
      Poster presented at UKRC sharing the findings of my latest research on first year student Radiographers transition to their first clinical placement. As in my previous research, the difference made by high quality mentorship, was found to be key to student's successful transition.
    • East African theatres and performances

      Kasule, Samuel; Osita, Okagbue; University of Derby (Routledge, 2020)
      The focus of the book is primarily performance and its dialectical relationship with culture and society in East African theatre practices and traditions. A secondary interest pursued in the book is a broader exploration and articulation of the concept of performance, much in the same way that Schechner (2002: 34) proposes it to encompass a myriad of human activities that are perceived to be “restored behaviour” or “twice behaved behaviours”. The book explores the relationship between dance, dialogue, music, recitation, song, and the theatrical performance as inscribed in various indigenous concepts. It further centres on the insights into the nature of theatre and/or performance as a cultural practice and an art form, and theatre’s relationship to culture and identity. It examines indigenous performance processes and structures that include staging techniques, proxemic principles, design and its realisation, performer-spectator relationship, the non-professionalism of the different categories of performers and theatre makers in East Africa. The study takes account of the mix of representational and presentational modes of performance, aligned to predominantly non-script-based theatre practices, which sharply contrast with the often highly stylized forms of many Asian performance traditions as well as the often realistic modes of performance of some other non-African traditions. By examining both the indigenous performance forms and practices and the ways in which their work is conceptualized, developed, and staged, this study demonstrates the potential influence of African thought and aesthetics on aspects of global contemporary theatre and performance.
    • The eastern French Pyrenees: from mountain belt to foreland basin

      Satterfield, Dorothy; Rollinson, Hugh; Suthren, Roger; University of Derby (Wiley, 2019-12-09)
      The Pyrenees is a young mountain belt formed as part of the larger Alpine collision zone. This excursion explores the development of the Pyrenean Mountain Belt in southern France, from its early extensional phase in the mid‐Cretaceous and subsequent collisional phase, through its uplift and erosion in the Late Cretaceous and again in the Eocene, which led to the development of the Aquitaine‐Languedoc foreland basin. One of the complexities of the Pyrenean Belt is that thrusting, uplift and erosion during the Pyrenean orogeny exposed older Variscan basement rocks in the central core of the mountains, rocks which were metamorphosed during an earlier event in the late Carboniferous. Thus, this orogenic belt also tells the story of an earlier collision between Laurussia in the north and Gondwana in the south at c. 300 Ma, prior to the onset of the Pyrenean events at c. 100 Ma. Here we seek to unravel these two separate orogenic stories.
    • Easy to say, difficult to do: diversity management in retail

      Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Nottingham Trent University (Blackwell Publishing LimitedOxford, 2005)
    • Eating attitudes and striving to avoid inferiority.

      Bellew, Rebecca; Gilbert, Paul; Mills, Alison; McEwan, Kirsten; Gale, Corinne; Kingsway Hospital; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2006-09-22)
      Vulnerability to some psychopathologies may be related to feeling the need to compete, strive, and achieve in order to avoid inferiority and rejection. This study explored “insecure striving”, (relating to a perceived need to strive to avoid inferiority and its consequence, rejection) in relationship to eating attitudes and appearance anxiety in students. Eating attitudes and appearance anxiety were associated with judgments of inferiority, insecure striving to avoid inferiority, and fear of losing out and were negatively associated to secure non-striving (social acceptance). Further work exploring the way people understand and react to the competitive dynamics of their social groups may illuminate important processes linked to eating disorders.
    • ‘Eating, sleeping, breathing, reading’: the zoella book club and the young woman reader in the 21st Century

      Branagh-Miscampbell, Maxine; Marsden, Stevie; University of Stirling; University of Leicester (Participations, 2019-05-01)
      This article considers the development and promotion of WH Smith’s Zoella Book Club and its success in developing an online community who share a reading experience through their engagement with the club. The Zoella Book Club is considered in relation to contemporary celebrity book club culture, as well as within an historical context that appraises the Zoella Book Club in terms of the construction and promotion of ideal(ised) notions of the young woman reader. Through its aesthetic, choice of books and rhetoric, the Zoella Book Club propagated, commodified, and ultimately perpetuated, highly feminised and domestic imagery to construct an image of the ideal woman reader in the twenty-first century.
    • ECG encryption and identification based security solution on the Zynq SoC for connected health systems

      Zhai, Xiaojun; Ait Si Ali, Amine; Amira, Abbes; Bensaali, Faycal; University of Derby; Qatar University; Qatar University (Elsevier, 2017-08)
      Connected health is a technology that associates medical devices, security devices and communication technologies. It enables patients to be monitored and treated remotely from their home. Patients’ data and medical records within a connected health system should be securely stored and transmitted for further analysis and diagnosis. This paper presents a set of security solutions that can be deployed in a connected health environment, which includes the advanced encryption standard (AES) algorithm and electrocardiogram (ECG) identification system. Efficient System-on-Chip (SoC) implementations for the proposed algorithms have been carried out on the Xilinx ZC702 prototyping board. The Achieved hardware implementation results have shown that the proposed AES and ECG identification based system met the real-time requirements and outperformed existing field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based systems in different key performance metrics such as processing time, hardware resources and power consumption. The proposed systems can process an ECG sample in 10.71ms and uses only 30% of the available hardware resources with a power consumption of 107mW.
    • ECG security identification system on the Zynq SoC Platform

      Zhai, Xiaojun; Amira, Abbes; Bensaali, Faycal; University of Derby (IEEE, 2015-10-26)
      Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most safety-relevant biometrics due to its live indication and the unique specific waveform. This paper presents an approach for a security identification system and its System-on-Chip (SoC) implementation. The design of the proposed solution has been validated using both MATLAB and Vivado high-level synthesis tools. The achieved implementation results show that the proposed ECG identification method has not only met the real-time processing requirements, but it also consumes only 33% of the available on-chip logic resources of a Xilinx Zynq 7010 SoC with a high identification accuracy.
    • The echo of Tlatelolco in contemporary Mexican protest poetry

      Carpenter, Victoria; University of Derby (2005)
      The shooting of a student demonstration in La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in the Tlatelolco district of Mexico City on 2 October 1968 has been the subject of many literary works, among which the Tlatelolco poetry addresses not only the event itself but also the aftermath of the massacre. Both approaches examine the relationship between the ‘yo’/‘nosotros’ and ‘ellos’ constructs, focusing on the ‘nosotros’ construct as the result of this interaction. The following analysis of this process is based on the theory of self and Other, especially René Girard's theory of the mimetics of violence and the process of scapegoating as a basis for the relationship between the individual and society within the context of a violent conflict.