• CaCO3 Composite Images

      Jones, Rhiannon; Kelly, Traci; University of Derby (2019-11)
      A series of composite images were created to explore research-creation as a methodology for Kelly + Jones, through which they embraced the unknown to inform and develop the series of works into conceptual thinking around chalk deposits from past marine lives and how this is distilled into visual and audial practice. Kelly + Jones worked in two sites - an old school stairwell and a chalk pit and used their own bodies as sculptural soundscapes to form fragile and precarious interplay with the site. The documentation from the explorative residencies in the two sites in turn became the artwork and formed the series of composite images that were then commissioned by The Glass Tank, Oxford. The composite images create a visual relationship that explores the interplay between the artists’ bodies as site and landscape as site.
    • Caenorhabditis elegans, a model organism for investigating immunity.

      Marsh, Elizabeth K; May, Robin C; University of Birmingham (2012-03-09)
      The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been a powerful experimental organism for almost half a century. Over the past 10 years, researchers have begun to exploit the power of C. elegans to investigate the biology of a number of human pathogens. This work has uncovered mechanisms of host immunity and pathogen virulence that are analogous to those involved during pathogenesis in humans or other animal hosts, as well as novel immunity mechanisms which appear to be unique to the worm. More recently, these investigations have uncovered details of the natural pathogens of C. elegans, including the description of a novel intracellular microsporidian parasite as well as new nodaviruses, the first identification of viral infections of this nematode. In this review, we consider the application of C. elegans to human infectious disease research, as well as consider the nematode response to these natural pathogens.
    • A cage for the muse and the limits of invention

      Brown, Michael; Wilson, Chris; University of Derby (KIE Conference Publications, 2016)
      This paper explores the notion that creativity in the arts, particularly music, benefits from constraints. Expressive freedom is often fostered within education to encourage the pursuit of artistic individualism, but straying too far from stylistic norms can often engender incoherence. This paper does not challenge the breaking of rules that define a style nor does it denigrate the benefits that may arise from conflicting ideas and unusual combinations, but explores the virtue and benefits of boundaries and suggests that freedom, from a creative perspective, is often an illusory construct; strong creative identities are achievable through and often defined by creative constraints. Conclusions focus on the potential profits of constraints that bind expressive ideas and the function and virtue of intuition within the creative process; theorizing upon whether creative confinement, or the awareness thereof, is ultimately a liberating or inhibiting experience. We determine that artistic creative freedom as a concept may indeed be illusory, but the perception of freedom for some is a necessary ingredient in the creative act.
    • Calibration and cross-validation of accelerometery for estimating movement skills in children aged 8–12 years

      Duncan, MJ; Dobell, A; Noon, M; Clark, CT; Roscoe, CMP; Stodden, D; Sacko, R; Eyre, ELJ; Faghy, Mark; Coventry University; et al. (MDPI, 2020-05-13)
      This study sought to calibrate triaxial accelerometery, worn on both wrists, waist and both ankles, during children’s physical activity (PA), with particular attention to object control motor skills performed at a fast and slow cadence, and to cross-validate the accelerometer cut-points derived from the calibration using an independent dataset. Twenty boys (10.1 ±1.5 years) undertook seven, five-minute bouts of activity lying supine, standing, running (4.5kmph−1) instep passing a football (fast and slow cadence), dribbling a football (fast and slow cadence), whilst wearing five GENEActiv accelerometers on their non-dominant and dominant wrists and ankles and waist. VO2 was assessed concurrently using indirect calorimetry. ROC curve analysis was used to generate cut-points representing sedentary, light and moderate PA. The cut-points were then cross-validated using independent data from 30 children (9.4 ± 1.4 years), who had undertaken similar activities whilst wearing accelerometers and being assessed for VO2. GENEActiv monitors were able to discriminate sedentary activity to an excellent level irrespective of wear location. For moderate PA, discrimination of activity was considered good for monitors placed on the dominant wrist, waist, non-dominant and dominant ankles but fair for the non-dominant wrist. Applying the cut-points to the cross-validation sample indicated that cut-points validated in the calibration were able to successfully discriminate sedentary behaviour and moderate PA to an excellent standard and light PA to a fair standard. Cut-points derived from this calibration demonstrate an excellent ability to discriminate children’s sedentary behaviour and moderate intensity PA comprising motor skill activity.
    • Calibration approaches for higher order ambisonic microphones

      Middlicott, Charlie; Wiggins, Bruce; University of Derby; Sky Labs (Audio Engineering Society, 2019-10-08)
      Recent years have seen an increase in the capture and production of ambisonic material due to companies such as YouTube and Facebook utilizing ambisonics for spatial audio playback. Consequently, there is now a greater need for affordable high order microphone arrays due to this uptake in technology. This work details the development of a five-channel circular horizontal ambisonic microphone intended as a tool to explore various optimization techniques, focusing on capsule calibration & pre-processing approaches for unmatched capsules.
    • Calibration of GENEActiv accelerometer wrist cut-points for the assessment of physical activity intensity of preschool aged children

      Roscoe, Clare M. P.; James, Rob S.; Duncan, Michael J.; Coventry University; University of Derby (Springer, 2017-07-03)
      This study sought to validate cut-points for use of wrist worn GENEActiv accelerometer data, to analyse preschool children’s (4 to 5 year olds) physical activity (PA) levels via calibration with oxygen consumption values (VO2). This was a laboratory based calibration study. Twenty-one preschool children, aged 4.7 ± 0.5 years old, completed six activities (ranging from lying supine to running) whilst wearing the GENEActiv accelerometers at two locations (left and right wrist), these being the participants’ non-dominant and dominant wrist, and a Cortex face mask for gas analysis. VO2 data was used for the assessment of criterion validity. Location specific activity intensity cut points were established via Receiver Operator Characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. The GENEActiv accelerometers, irrespective of their location, accurately discriminated between all PA intensities (sedentary, light, and moderate and above), with the dominant wrist monitor providing a slightly more precise discrimination at light PA and the non-dominant at the sedentary behaviour and moderate and above intensity levels (Area Under the Curve (AUC) for non-dominant = 0.749-0.993, compared to AUC dominant = 0.760-0.988). Conclusion: This study establishes wrist-worn physical activity cut points for the GENEActiv accelerometer in pre-schoolers.
    • Call for papers: case studies of applied health psychology practice, implementation and knowledge translation experiences

      Cross, Ainslea; University of Derby (British Psychological Society, 2020-03-01)
      Since our Spring 2019 call for papers (Cross & Sheffield, 2019) for the new Health Psychology Practice, Consultancy and Training section of Health Psychology Update (HPU) we have been fortunate to receive articles highlighting the value and impact of health psychology in practice within varied settings and contexts. We have featured practice articles on working as a health psychologist in community settings for adults with learning disabilities (Bains & Turnbull, 2019), public health (Lawes-Wickwar & Begum, 2020), the NHS (Anderson 2019) and the development of a student-delivered University health coaching service (Cooper, Allan, Dunsmore, Johnston & Leighton-Beck, 2020). To build on our progress in raising the profile of applied health psychology practice, we would like to invite articles on the following themes: (1) knowledge translation, featuring experiences of translating research into practice; (2) implementation, experiences of designing and delivering applied health psychology practice or interventions. We invite a range of flexible formats for presenting your work such as reflective accounts, case study reports or protocols of works in progress and lessons learned to date. HPU aims to provide an opportunity for anyone working in applied health psychology to share their work and projects in order to raise the profile of health psychology. If you would like to share your work with the health psychology community, please email your expression of interest to: hpu.professional@outlook.com and hpu.editor@outlook.com.
    • A calling for standardised completion criteria in weight management

      Nobles, J; Pringle, Andy; Griffiths, C; Gately, P; Leeds Beckett University (2016-06)
      The criteria for participant completion of a weight management programme (WMP) is arbitrary. Programme commissioners (WMP purchasers) will frequently establish the percentage of attendance that classifies programme completion (e.g. 70% attendance). Differential criteria for WMP completion make it impossible for researchers, practitioners and policy makers to conclude what constitutes an effective programme and what factors predict WMP completion. This study exemplifies the impact of variable completion status on 1) BMI reduction, 2) volume of completers and 3) predictors of completion. Secondary data was obtained from MoreLife – a UK-based, community WMP for children (aged 4-17 years). 2948 children attended between 2009-2014 (Age 10.4±2.8 years, BMI 26.0±5.7kg/m2, Standardised BMI (BMI SDS) 2.48±0.87 units, White 70.3%). Separate analyses were conducted for research aims 1-2, and aim 3. Programme completion was adjusted incrementally by 10% (i.e. 10%, 20% attendance etc…) for research aims 1-2. The volume of programme completers and change in BMI SDS was calculated at each increment of the completion criteria (0-100%). For aim 3, programme completion was defined using five classifications from previous WMP studies (e.g. 50% sessions attended). Multivariable logistic regression determined participant and programme variables predictive of programme completion. Percentage difference between the odds ratio of the original model (completion = 70% attendance) and the four subsequent models was calculated. The volume of participants completing the programme decreased in a linear manner (r = -0.99, p = 0.00) when completion classification became more stringent (i.e. 70-100% attendance). Conversely, the change in BMI SDS became incrementally greater (r = 0.98, p = 0.00). Predictors of completion varied by up to 24.2% in certain variables (e.g. Programme Intake Period) when using five different completion classifications. Statistical significance of the predictor variables were reliant on completion classification (e.g. WMP Group Size was significant in two of five models). The volume of completers and change in BMI SDS were strongly associated with programme completion classification. Poor programme outcomes (e.g. minimal change in BMI SDS) can be masked by (un)demanding completion criteria. Moreover, completion criteria mediates participant and programme characteristics predictive of programme completion. Standardised completion criteria are called for.
    • Calling the judiciary to account for the past : transitional justice and judicial accountability in Nigeria.

      Yusuf, Hakeem O.; University of Glasgow (2008-03-19)
      Institutional and individual accountability is an important feature of societies in transition from conflict or authoritarian rule. The imperative of accountability has both normative and transformational underpinnings in the context of restoration of the rule of law and democracy. This article argues a case for extending the purview of truth-telling processes to the judiciary in postauthoritarian contexts. The driving force behind the inquiry is the proposition that the judiciary as the third arm of government at all times participates in governance. To contextualize the argument, I focus on judicial governance and accountability within the paradigm of Nigeria’s transition to democracy after decades of authoritarian military rule.
    • Can (unusual) weather conditions in New York predict South African stock returns?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Gupta, Ragan; University of Piraeus; University of Pretoria (Elsevier, 2017-05-03)
      This paper investigates the explanatory power of certain weather variables, measured as deviations from their monthly averages, in a leading international financial trading centre, i.e., New York, for South African stock returns, over the daily period January 2nd, 1973 to December, 31, 2015. The empirical results highlight that these unusual deviations of weather variables have a statistically significant negative effect on the stock returns in South Africa, indicating that unusual weather conditions in New York can be used to predict South African stock returns, which otherwise seems to be highly unpredictable. In fact, a forecasting exercise recommends that a trading rule that considers those weather variables through a GARCH modelling approach seems to outperform the random walk model and thus beat the market.
    • Can aspiration kill local community? Challenges for young people and career practitioners in Sri Lanka

      Neary, Siobhan; University of Derby, iCeGS (NICEC, 2013-10)
      Raising aspiration is a primary focus of careers work. However, in some circumstances enhanced aspirations may create tensions in situations of limited accessible opportunity. Additionally focusing on the autonomy of the individual and their choice can impact more broadly on local community. This article will explore the importance of locating career guidance in context, specifically in relation to some of the issues facing career practitioners working in Sri Lanka. These practitioners seek to inspire young people to a range of careers whilst remaining conscious of the individual and local impacts that may result. It will consider the concept of 'foundation' which encompasses the physical, social, religious and spiritual, cultural and political environment and the role this might play in providing a holistic model for career guidance.
    • Can compassion, happiness and sympathetic concern be differentiated on the basis of facial expression?

      Condliffe, Otto; Maratos, Frances A.; University of Shanghai; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2020-04-11)
      Recent research has demonstrated the importance of positive emotions, and especially compassion, for well-being. Via two investigations, we set out to determine if facial expressions of happiness, “kind” compassion and sympathetic concern can be distinguished, given limitations of previous research. In investigation one, prototypes of the three expressions were analysed for similarities and differences using the facial action coding system (FACS) by two certified independent coders. Results established that each expression comprised distinct FACS units. Thus, in investigation 2, a new photographic stimulus set was developed using a gender/racially balanced group of actors to pose these expressions of “kind” compassion, happiness, sympathetic concern, and the face in a relaxed/neutral pose. 75 participants were then asked to name the FACS generated expressions using not only forced categorical quantitative ratings but, importantly, free response. Results revealed that kind compassionate facial expressions: (i) engendered words associated with contented and affiliative emotions (although, interestingly, not the word “kind”); (ii) were labelled as compassionate significantly more often than any of the other emotional expressions; but (iii) in common with happiness expressions, engendered happiness word groupings and ratings. Findings have implications for understandings of positive emotions, including specificity of expressions and their veridicality.
    • Can compassion-focused imagery be used as an attention bias modification treatment?

      Leboeuf, Isabelle; McEwan, Kirsten; Rusinek, Stéphane; Andreotti, Eva; Antoine, Pascal; Université Lille Nord de France; University of Derby (Springer, 2021-01-06)
      Compassion focused-imagery (CFI), one of the psychological interventions of compassion-focused therapy, is receiving increasing attention. It is a therapeutic tool that targets the process of self-criticism by prompting individuals to imagine themselves as compassionate or to imagine receiving compassion from an ideal compassionate other. This research examines the role of self-criticism in the attentional processing of emotional stimuli, namely, critical and compassionate facial expressions. It is hypothesized that the activation of positive social emotions through CFI plays a role in broadening attention in the processing of emotional stimuli. The McEwan Faces stimulus set, which includes critical, neutral and compassionate faces, was used to create an attentional bias task called the dot probe task. The processing of emotional faces was assessed before and after exposure to either CFI or neutral imagery, controlling for the process of sensory integration (n = 80). A between-subject analysis was used to test the hypothesis. Before the imagery task, participants tended to look away from critical faces, and their level of self-criticism played a role. Both types of imagery significantly reduced the bias away from critical faces when the stimuli were presented for 1200 ms. This effect was reversed in the neutral condition for participants with high levels of self-criticism but not in the CFI condition. Interestingly, self-criticism impacts the attentional treatment of critical faces and the effect of imagery entailing sensory integration on this treatment. CFI seems to preserve this effect for participants with high levels of self-criticism, possibly due to the activation of positive social emotions.
    • Can Facebook improve students’ engagement in flipped classes? Community of inquiry approach

      Talaei-Khoei, Amir; Daniel, Jay; Dokhanchi, Mohsen; University of Nevada; University of Derby; University of Queensland (HICSS, 2020-01-07)
      This paper aims at using Facebook to improve the students’ engagements with the flipped learning materials through implementation of a socially enabled peer learning environment. The article reports an experiment comparing the online quizzes and Facebook to increase the students’ engagement with the online materials in flipped classes. The study looks at the students’ perceptions. The current study utilizes the Community of Inquiry (RCOI) to analyze the students’ opinions about using Facebook for implementation of flipped learning. The paper provides recommendations to the instructors on how to use Facebook for increasing the students’ engagement with the flipped materials. This study also motivates teaching practitioners in Information Systems to improve flipped learning by using social networking sites in their courses.
    • Can flow state enhance learning on culinary arts programmes?

      Cseh, Leonard; University of Derby, Buxton (Council for Hospitality Management Education, 2012-05-09)
      The research conducted investigates who is marketing what, to whom, and why. Finally conclusions/theories will be suggested as to the future of a ‘new’ form of culinary artistry as a form of academic rigour and relevance in terms of sustainability and growth of a 20 credit framework. “Repression is not the way to virtue. When people restrain themselves out of fear, their lives are by necessity diminished. Only through freely chosen discipline can life be enjoyed and still kept within the bounds of reason."[ Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1998)
    • Can gold prices forecast the Australian dollar movements?

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Elsevier, 2014-05-07)
      This paper explores whether gold prices have a reliable out-of-sample relationship with the Australian dollar/US dollar nominal and real exchange rates using daily and quarterly data, respectively, spanning the period 2000–2012. Through an Error Correction Model (ECM), the empirical findings suggest that the out-of-sample predictive ability is strong and robust across short- and long-run horizons. The results could offer informational availability for monetary policymakers, hedge fund managers and international portfolio managers. They also provide additional support to the hypothesis that both markets are driven by the same information sets.
    • Can I help you? Exploring service quality in a health and beauty retailer

      Resnick, Sheilagh; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2010)
    • ‘Can I play with madness?'.The psychopathy of Evil, leadership, and political mis-management.

      Faulkner, Frank; University of Derby, Society, Religion and Belief Research Group (Rodopi Press, 2010-06)
      This paper will examine the psychopathy of evil as an aspect of political leadership, and noting Machiavelli’s treatment of the subject as it applies to leaders, often juxtaposed by Chomsky’s pronouncements. The rationale for this approach is within the observation that GW Bush and A Blair, as contemporary examples, have evaded prosecution for civilian deaths in Iraq, despite mounting evidence that they are directly responsible for the conduct of the Coalition military in that region. The above must be viewed in the context of opposition groups, such as Stop the War, The Lancet medical journal, Iraqbodycount.com, and Military Families Against the War, as supposed moral entrepreneurs and self-appointed ethical guardians, who consistently argue for an immediate withdrawal of troops amid mounting concern over non-combatant casualties. Moreover, evil as a concept in this scenario is apparently being ‘normalised’ in the media as an everyday or trivial event, often below celebrity indiscretions in news running orders. So, is this a deliberate ’downplaying’ of evil, or merely an acceptance of the banality of pernicious political leadership? This paper will unearth the facts versus the rhetoric, and come to a suitable judgement based on available evidence.
    • Can local finance add value to local small business? Evidence from a UK local loan and grant fund

      Cowling, Marc; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Foster, Carley; Baranova, Polina; University of Derby (Senate Hall Academic Publishing, 2020-05)
      Access to finance is a key constraint on the creation, survival, and growth of SMEs, and this issue has prompted governments to directly intervene in financial markets, but has also led to the development of new forms of financial intermediation and new players in the market encouraged by a desire to increase competition in the market. Today these new forms of financing and new players in the market are in part complementary to more established sources, but also potential substitutes particularly for those businesses that are most constrained. In this paper we use new data from a survey of local small businesses to assess whether access to a local loan and grant fund has added value to supported businesses. Our findings suggest that there are tangible benefits associated with local finance provision that are likely to generate a positive local economic multiplier that extends beyond the funding period.