Recent Submissions

  • Gestures of Resistance

    Fisher, Craig; Wainwright, Jean; University of Derby (University for the Creative Arts, Canterbury Romantso Cultural Centre, Athens, Greece, 2017-04)
    Gestures of Resistance aims to respond to our current general mood of political anxiety and alienation by opening up socio-political critique in order to resist the palpable feeling of disempowerment. Rather than accepting the non-choice of the neoliberal setup of Greece or current right-wing politics both in America and Europe, the artists of Gestures of Resistance reflect on the current state of our political condition, our current housing situation, the state of education and art, liberalism, diversity and pluralism in this moment of historical crisis, whereby the state of today seems to have strong links to the state of the past. As part of Gestures of Resistance, artworks by sixteen international contemporary artists will be exhibited at the Romantso Cultural Centre in Athens during Documenta 14. From photographs and collages to sculptures and installations, each artist has an agenda and political take – some subtle and cryptic, some openly confrontational. Fisher will be exhibiting new and existing sculptural works from his, ‘Homemade Device’ series. Participating artists include: Bill Balaskas, Pavel Büchler, Broomberg and Chanarin, Edward Chell, Ian Dawson, Craig Fisher, Alfredo Jaar, Peter Kennard and Cat Phillipps, Steffi Klenz, Małgorzata Markiewicz, Louisa Minkin and Francis Summers, Terry Perk, Julian Rowe, Yorgos Sapountzis, Bob and Roberta Smith, Socratis Socratous, Wolfgang Tillmans, Jessica Voorsanger, Stuart Whipps
  • Micro

    Fisher, Craig; University of Derby (AIR Gallery, Altrincham, 2019)
    Fisher was selected to participate in the group exhibition, Micro at AIR Gallery which was an open theme exhibition of over 100 small works by rising stars in contemporary art, working across a vast range of media. Fisher exhibited a number of ‘Homemade Devices’ which were highly commended by exhibition selectors.
  • A Profound Difference

    Harris, Philip; University of Derby (Departure Lounge, 2019-07-20)
  • 8mm Cine Workshop

    Harris, Philip; University of Derby (Exposure Festival, 2020-02-03)
    Now considered obsolete, these old Bolex 8mm cine cameras were produced in the 1950s and promoted to families and amateur film makers. They are simple to use, fully manual, powered by a clockwork motor, with excellent build quality and optics. With care and application of basic cameras/photo skills and knowledge, they are capable of very good image quality. Being a physical medium, cine film allows the user capacity to experiment, in a very hands-on way, with editing, looping and use of multiple projectors to create montages of footage and images. The workshop can be based around a brief that explores the identities of Calgary – the physical, regional and cultural identities of the city. Users will be taught and guided in the camera controls, exposure settings, use of a handheld lightmeter (It would be very useful if the Uni can provide these. Sekonic 308 will suffice), and methods for handheld filming in a range of circumstances. They will then use this knowledge to produce film footage that interprets their response to Calgary. The scope of delivery and support will depend on how much time the Photo/Art department can dedicate to the workshop. A practical workshop on basic use can be delivered in 2 hours, including a visual presentation on my own work to present a rationale for the workshop. It would work best if this can then be supplemented by an hour or so of practical support with using the cameras and exposing film for the brief.
  • A Profound Difference: Visualising Current Politics through Obsolete Media

    Harris, Philip; University of Derby (FORMAT, 2019-03-15)
    The UK referendum on the decision to leave the EU on 23rd June 2016 has proven to be a very devisive event. The turmoil, chaos and uncertainty that has ensued is unprecedented in British politics. The referendum has has revealed significant divisions between age groups, genders, social status and education. The nature of the campaigning, on the part of nationalist political parties, has given licence for a latent hostility towards people of colour and those residing and working in the country who are not identified as UK nationals. By way of response to these circumstances, I have worked with young people to film their response to the prospect of the UK no longer remaining within the EU. The work consists of moving image portraits made with European, standard 8mm cine equipment that dates from the 1950s: the period when the supranational European state was first being formed and a time of a delicate balance between the threat of global conflict, economic growth and technological development. This equipment was targetted at the affluent domestic market and amateur film makerwas widely used to record family moments and events. In so being, it signifies the popular visual practices of a previous generation. My My presentation for the conference will explore ideas and theories relating to technology, it’s impact upon and status within society, and my rational for using obsolete media to engage with current political events.
  • Forecasting US overseas travelling with univariate and multivariate models

    Apergis, Nicholas; University of Derby (Wiley, 2021-01-06)
    This study makes use of specific econometric modelling methodologies to forecast US outbound travelling flows to certain destinations: Europe, Caribbean, Asia, Central America, South America, Middle East, Oceania, and Africa, spanning the period 2000-2019 on a monthly basis. Both univariate (jointly with business conditions) and multivariate models are employed, while out-of-sample forecasts are generated and the results are compared based on popular forecasting performance criteria. These criteria show that in the case of univariate models, the largest forecasting gains are obtained when the modelling process follows the KS-AR(1) model with the business cycles being measured as the coincident indicator. In the case of multivariate models, the largest forecasting gains occur with the standard VAR model for very short forecasting horizons, and with the Bayesian VAR for longer horizons. The results are robust to both total and individual destinations. The findings allow interested stakeholders to gain insights into near-future US outbound tourism to popular diversified international destinations, as well as to better understand its positive and negative impacts for strategic planning and destination adaptation purposes.
  • A profound difference: Visualising politics through obsolete media

    Harris, Philip; University of Derby (Cambridge Scholars, 2020-12-17)
    This paper is a revised and edited version of that which was delivered at the conference for the FORMAT19 International Photography Festival, for which I acted as co-organiser and co-editor. An iteration of the paper was delivered at Exposure Photography Festival, Calgary, Canada, 2020, to support my exhibition in the festival in addition to a workshop on analogue cine media. The essay discusses the research into and use experimental use of media for a visual project, A Profound Difference, staged at the launch of FORMAT19, 15th March, at the University of Derby. A further iteration was presented for Departure Lounge, 20th July 2019. The visual project was made between October 2018 and March 2019. It was centred around concerns for the future circumstances of young people as a result of the UK referendum to leave the EU, held on the 26th June 2016. The project employed a very specific use of media in the form of continental, Standard 8mm cine film equipment dating from the 1950s, the rationale being that this was the media Europeans used to record their lives during the period in which the supra-national state of Europe was first being formed. The project was publicly staged as a largescale installation with multiple projectors throwing looped footage of the young people onto the sides of polling booths. Using the visual work as a vehicle, the essay describes theoretical research for the employment of obsolete media to engage with current political issues. I discuss theories of making with reference to Martin Heidegger, Gilbert Simondon, Elaine Scary, and Hito Steyerl, to create a framework for a critically informed use of obsolete visual media. My argument is that due to obsolete analogue media escaping the market drives of digital media, it has a potential to raise awareness of our current dependence on digital media for which we have questionable agency.
  • Machinability of INCONEL718 alloy with a porous microstructure produced by laser melting powder bed fusion at higher energy densities

    Wood, Paul; Díaz-Álvarez, Antonio; Díaz-Álvarez, José; Miguélez, María Henar; Rusinek, Alexis; Williams, Gavin; Bahi, Slim; Sienkiewicz, Judyta; Płatek, Paweł; Gunputh, Urvashi Fowdar; et al. (MDPI, 2020-12-15)
    Products produced by additive manufacturing (AM) seek to exploit net shape manufacturing by eliminating or minimizing post-process stages such as machining. However, many applications which include turbo machinery components with tight dimensional tolerances and a smooth surface finish will require at least a light machine finishing stage. This paper investigates the machinability of the additively fabricated INCONEL718 (IN718) alloy produced by laser melting powder bed fusion (LM-PBF) with different levels of spherical porosity in the microstructure. The literature suggests that the band width for laser energy density, which combines the various scan process parameters to obtain a low spherical type porosity in the LM-PBF IN718 alloy (~1%), has wide breadth. With the increasing laser energy density and above a threshold, there is a rapid increase in the spherical pore size. In this paper, three tube samples each with different levels of spherical porosity were fabricated by varying the laser energy density for LM-PBF of the IN718 alloy within the stable and higher energy density range and the porosity measured. A low laser energy density was avoided due to balling up, which promotes highly irregular lack of fusion defects and poor consolidation within the alloy microstructure. An orthogonal turning test instrumented, with a three-component dynamometer to measure the cutting forces, was performed on AM produced IN718 tube samples under light cut conditions to simulate a finish machining process. The orthogonal turning tests were also performed on a tube sample obtained from the wrought extruded stock. The machining process parameters, which were studied include varying the cutting speed at three levels, at a fixed feed and under dry cut conditions for a short duration to avoid the tool wear. The results obtained were discussed and a notable finding was the higher rate of built-up-edge formation on the tool tip from the AM samples with a higher porosity and especially at a higher cutting speed. The paper also discusses the mechanisms that underpin the findings.
  • Scoping review of the readiness for sustainable implementation of lean six sigma projects in the manufacturing sector

    Shokri, A., Antony, J., Garza-Reyes, J.A., Upton, M.; Northumbria University; Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh; University of Derby; University of York (Emerald, 2021-01-11)
    This work presents a synthesis of current literature published from 2010 to provide an overall understanding of the sustainable implementation of Lean Six Sigma (LSS) projects in terms of project approaches rather than outcomes. A comprehensive and validated ten-step model was applied to conduct a scoping review (SR) with the following three broad phases: “review planning”, “review execution”, and “review reporting”. The analysis shows that while a few geographically and methodologically broad research studies have been conducted on LSS and green manufacturing integration, no studies have examined organisational culture or conducted readiness assessments on the sustainable implementation of LSS projects in the manufacturing sector. The present study contributes to existing knowledge by describing the current state of research on green LSS integration. The study also identifies a lack of research on the deployment of sustainable LSS projects for manufacturers. Further empirical analyses that include case studies must be conducted to assess the negative environmental impacts of LSS projects. This study serves as an initial call for practitioners and research scholars to favour the sustainable deployment of LSS projects in manufacturing alongside the use of traditional approaches with a focus on costs, quality and delivery.
  • Investigative empathy: Five types of cognitive empathy in a field study of investigative interviews with suspects of sexual offences

    Baker-Eck, Bianca; Bull, Ray; Walsh, Dave; University of Derby; De Montfort University (International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, 2021)
    Empathy in investigative interviews has increasingly become a focus in the recent literature on investigative interviewing as its implementation may aid in building and maintaining rapport. Displaying empathy in interviews is claimed to have positive impacts on the provision of investigation relevant information and the cooperation of interviewees. However, the literature currently omits practically operationalizing empathy, which would provide a means of implementing it effectively in investigative interviews. As such, the present study examines empathic displays by interviewers employed in interviews with suspects of high-risk crimes such as sexual offences in order to see what types are applied as a step towards identifying and possibly defining/operationalizing empathy during investigative interviews in the future. 19 audio-tapes of police interviews with suspects of sexual crimes in England and Wales conducted by experienced police interviewers were coded for their empathic displays and suspects’ level of cooperation throughout the interviews. Five different types of empathy were found to be employed. Interviews that had higher levels of suspect cooperation involved all five types of investigative empathy, whereas interviews in which fewer types of empathy were displayed had less cooperation (by offering less or no information). Thus, the use of investigative empathy in investigative interviews can indeed be recommended.
  • Positive psychology for mental wellbeing of uk therapeutic students: Relationships with engagement, motivation, resilience, and self-compassion.

    Kotera, Yasuhiro; Green, Pauline; Sheffield, David; University of Derby (Springer, 2020-01-12)
    This study aimed to examine the relationships between mental wellbeing and positive psychological constructs in therapeutic students (psychotherapy and occupational therapy students). The number of therapeutic students has increased recently, however they suffer from poor mental health, which may be improved by potentiating their positive psychological constructs, bypassing mental health shame. Therapeutic students (n=145) completed measures regarding positive psychological constructs, namely mental wellbeing, engagement, motivation, resilience, and self-compassion. Resilience and self-compassion predicted mental wellbeing, explaining a large effect. Self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between resilience and mental wellbeing. This study highlights the importance of positive psychological constructs, especially resilience and self-compassion, for mental wellbeing of therapeutic students.
  • Enforcement strategies in Chinese capital market

    Huang, Flora; Liu, Junhai; University of Derby (Routledge, 2020-11-25)
    This chapter discusses the varieties of enforcement channels to protect investors, especially minority shareholders in the Chinese capital market. These channels include public enforcement by regulators such as the China Securities Regulatory Authority and the stock exchanges, and private enforcement in the form of litigations enabled by corporate and securities laws. Furthermore, alternative dispute resolutions are increasingly popular to resolve disputes. In this chapter, it is argued that all these enforcement channels together function as part of a comprehensive and integrated regulatory strategy to provide the much-needed law in action to support the phenomenal economic and financial growth in the country.
  • NOTRINO: a NOvel hybrid TRust management scheme for INternet-Of-vehicles

    Ahmad, Farhan; Kurugollu, Fatih; Kerrache, Chaker Abdelaziz; Sezer, Sakir; Liu, Lu; Coventry University; University of Derby; Universit Amar Telidji Laghouat, 243326 Laghouat, Laghouat, Algeria; Queen's University Belfast; University of Leicester (IEEE, 2021-01-05)
    Internet-of-Vehicles (IoV) is a novel technology to ensure safe and secure transportation by enabling smart vehicles to communicate and share sensitive information with each other. However, the realization of IoV in real-life depends on several factors, including the assurance of security from attackers and propagation of authentic, accurate and trusted information within the network. Further, the dissemination of compromised information must be detected and vehicle disseminating such malicious messages must be revoked from the network. To this end, trust can be integrated within the network to detect the trustworthiness of the received information. However, most of the trust models in the literature relies on evaluating node or data at the application layer. In this study, we propose a novel hybrid trust management scheme, namely, NOTRINO, which evaluates trustworthiness on the received information in two steps. First step evaluates trust on the node itself at transport layer, while second step computes trustworthiness of the data at application layer. This mechanism enables the vehicles to efficiently model and evaluate the trustworthiness on the received information. The performance and accuracy of NOTRINO is rigorously evaluated under various realistic trust evaluation criteria (including precision, recall, F-measure and trust). Furthermore, the efficiency of NOTRINO is evaluated in presence of malicious nodes and its performance is benchmarked against three hybrid trust models. Extensive simulations indicate that NOTRINO achieve over 75% trust level as compared to benchmarked trust models where trust level falls below 60% for a network with 35% malicious nodes. Similarly, 92% precision and 87% recall are achieved simultaneously with NOTRINO for the same network, comparing to benchmark trust models where precision and recall falls below 87% and 85% respectively.
  • Some of what happened here…v.2.0. FORMAT: A case study of impact through legacy, time and place

    Davies, Huw; University of Derby (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2020-12-17)
    Chapter in ‘Mythologies, Identities and Territories of Photography: Forever//Now’. Marmalade, G., Harris, P. (eds). Part of an edited selection of essays and presentations delivered at the conference for FORMAT19 International Photography Festival. Some of What Happened Here…v.2.0. presents an historical account of the impact of FORMAT and its establishment as one of the UK’s leading international festivals of contemporary photography and related media. This is contextualised through the ‘place-making’ legacy of Derby, a City with a long-standing heritage in the advancement of the photographic medium and the University, as a major provider of photographic higher education stretching back over six decades. The chapter explores the impact of FORMAT’s transdisciplinary approach through using the vehicle of a thematic festival event, to push forward the boundaries of photographic practice and discourse, and its dissemination to new audiences.
  • Gay gardens: Visual anachronisms and the subversive politics of lesbian representation

    Marmalade, Gemma; University of Derby (Cambridge Scholars, 2020-12-17)
  • CHEAD Annual Conference 2020

    Jones, Rhiannon; University of Derby; Birmingham City University; CHEAD (2019-03-18)
    This was a bespoke design for CHEAD that was developed reconfigure over the two days of the conference to support the conference themes. S.H.E.D was commissioned to act as an open space for discussions to take place, and then a private, more closed space for the facilitation of a participatory workshop for delegates to consider the 'Challenge of Change: The value of creative education supporting inclusion and diversity'. S.H.E.D was offered as a case study and live installation to see the research methodology of how to design for dialogue through reconfigurable and dialogic space. It was also a consultation space and a disseminator space for CHEAD, led by Dr Rhiannon Jones.
  • Changing socio-religious realities: Practical negotiation of transitions in the governance of religion or belief, state and society

    Weller, Paul; University of Derby (Peeters, 2020-12)
    This article argues for the importance of developing forms of governance with regard to the relationship between religion or belief, state and society in Europe so as to better reflect and “reality-match” the contemporary socio-religious realities characteristic of a continuing Christian inheritance along with an increasing secularity and growth in religious plurality, than do current patterns that usually embody privilege for a particular Christian Church or Churches largely derived from Christendom models. Having noted that recognising a need for change, deciding on a direction for change, and actually implementing change are three different things, the article draws on a social contextualist approach to the application of negotiation theory in relation to organizational change as developed by Charles Samuelson and David Messick (1995) in order to illuminate factors that can either hinder and / or facilitate such developments.
  • REDO - Contemporary Art

    Jones, Rhiannon; Nottingham Trent University; Design School Kolding, Denmark (Cumulus International, 2017-05-31)
    For this paper presentation, Dr Jones discussed the collaborative work of the artists Traci Kelly and Rhiannon Jones, (Kelly + Jones), 2015 to the present, 2017. Considering how do we re-do practice by resisting the expectations of language, it forms part of a subversive investigation into writing as a visceral encounter and as an excavation of self and site – a mode of human extension into the world. In connection with the REDO conference theme of "how do we REDO our design education, our design practice, and our design research so that our knowledge comes to have an actual effect on how we live, from the micro level of the domestic to the macro level of politics? How do we train our students to become DOers and to confront the challenges that face the world in terms of social inclusion, climate/environment, and economic growth? How do we impact our disciplines and beyond? The REDO biannual Cumulus 2017 conference in Kolding aimed to playfully inspire, challenge and develop the role, relevance and scope of design, art and media in a global world with sustainability for people, planet and profit in mind. The overall aim of the conference is to create lasting impact in design and design education and initiate (future) actions." Cumulus, 2017
  • The non/inhuman within: beyond the biopolitical intrauterine imaginary

    McCloskey, Paula; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2020)
    In the context of the increasingly entangled, devastating markers of this time (climate crises, unfettered capitalism, tribal nationalism, increasing borders, species extinction), this paper stakes a claim for the importance of attending to the human intrauterine as a way to connect with non/inhuman alterity. It is argued that the intrauterine phenomena, as a process experienced by all humans, has a part to play in understanding “humanness”, human connectedness to nonhumanness, which can be used as part of a wider strategy to re-imagine collaboratively and with co-response-ability ways to live and survive within multispecies landscapes. Methodologically, Karen Barad’s diffractive approach is used to explore the intrauterine as a time-space of affect and connection between the human and nonhuman. With this approach, the paper assembles selected philosophers, alongside a re-reading of Mary Kelly’s Antepartum (1973) in the proposal of an intrauterine imaginary unhitched from the biopolitical. In doing so, it seeks to re-draw some of the boundaries around the intrauterine imaginary, to propose how paying attention to the non/inhuman of the human intrauterine might generate images and ideas of connections and co-response-ability beyond birth, between humans and more than humans.
  • Work-family policy expansion and the idea of social investment: the cases of Germany, England, South Korea and Japan

    Lee, Sung-Hee; Mohun Himmelweit, Samuel; University of Derby; London School of Economics (Policy Press, 2021-02-26)

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