Deficits in Theory of Mind, empathic understanding and moral reasoning: a comparison between young offenders and non-offenders

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620947
Title:
Deficits in Theory of Mind, empathic understanding and moral reasoning: a comparison between young offenders and non-offenders
Authors:
Spenser, Karin A. ( 0000-0001-7512-8031 ) ; Betts, Lucy R.; Das Gupta, Mani
Abstract:
Previous research suggests a lack of pro-social skills is characteristic of an antisocial or offending personality. It is therefore reasonable to assume that an inadequate understanding of another's mental state may contribute to antisocial or offending behaviour. Forty-six young-adult male offenders and a control completed measures to assess: Theory of Mind (ToM), empathic understanding (EU) and moral reasoning. Significant differences in the performance of young-adult offenders and the control group were detected in ToM, EU and moral reasoning with young-adult offenders scoring lower than the control group. A positive association was also found between ToM, EU and moral reasoning. These findings contribute to a further understanding of how individuals make sense of, and respond to, the social world around them. The ability to measure ToM, EU and moral reasoning and subsequently identify any specific deficits, as well as recognise the link between these three key skills, is not only useful for researchers but it will also allow practitioners to tailor existing (or develop new) interventions specific to the needs of an individual. This could be particularly useful in terms of recidivism when applied to those involved in antisocial or offending behaviour.
Affiliation:
Nottingham Trent University; Staffordshire University
Citation:
Spenser, K. A. et al (2015) 'Deficits in Theory of Mind, empathic understanding and moral reasoning: a comparison between young offenders and non-offenders', Psychology, Crime & Law, 21 (7):632
Publisher:
Routledge
Journal:
Psychology, Crime & Law
Issue Date:
2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620947
DOI:
10.1080/1068316X.2015.1028542
Additional Links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1068316X.2015.1028542
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1068-316X
EISSN:
1477-2744
Appears in Collections:
Department of Social Sciences

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSpenser, Karin A.en
dc.contributor.authorBetts, Lucy R.en
dc.contributor.authorDas Gupta, Manien
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-21T16:45:34Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-21T16:45:34Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationSpenser, K. A. et al (2015) 'Deficits in Theory of Mind, empathic understanding and moral reasoning: a comparison between young offenders and non-offenders', Psychology, Crime & Law, 21 (7):632en
dc.identifier.issn1068-316X-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/1068316X.2015.1028542-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/620947en
dc.description.abstractPrevious research suggests a lack of pro-social skills is characteristic of an antisocial or offending personality. It is therefore reasonable to assume that an inadequate understanding of another's mental state may contribute to antisocial or offending behaviour. Forty-six young-adult male offenders and a control completed measures to assess: Theory of Mind (ToM), empathic understanding (EU) and moral reasoning. Significant differences in the performance of young-adult offenders and the control group were detected in ToM, EU and moral reasoning with young-adult offenders scoring lower than the control group. A positive association was also found between ToM, EU and moral reasoning. These findings contribute to a further understanding of how individuals make sense of, and respond to, the social world around them. The ability to measure ToM, EU and moral reasoning and subsequently identify any specific deficits, as well as recognise the link between these three key skills, is not only useful for researchers but it will also allow practitioners to tailor existing (or develop new) interventions specific to the needs of an individual. This could be particularly useful in terms of recidivism when applied to those involved in antisocial or offending behaviour.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherRoutledgeen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1068316X.2015.1028542en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Psychology, Crime & Lawen
dc.subjectOffendersen
dc.subjectPro-social skillsen
dc.subjectTheory of Minden
dc.subjectMoral reasoningen
dc.subjectEmpathyen
dc.titleDeficits in Theory of Mind, empathic understanding and moral reasoning: a comparison between young offenders and non-offendersen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1477-2744-
dc.contributor.departmentNottingham Trent Universityen
dc.contributor.departmentStaffordshire Universityen
dc.identifier.journalPsychology, Crime & Lawen
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