Environmental control and sick building syndrome; a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620608
Title:
Environmental control and sick building syndrome; a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace
Authors:
Shahzad, Sally ( 0000-0003-2425-776X ) ; Brennan, John; Theodossopoulos, Dimitris
Abstract:
This study investigates the effect of environmental control on Sick Building Syndrome (SBS). This is examined by environmental measurement, user health and satisfaction at two workplaces with respectively low and high levels of individual control over the thermal environment. The Anglo-Saxon practice of the open plan workplace is compared to the traditional Scandinavian practice, with a greater preponderance of cellular office accommodation. The research will lead to the formulation of specific strategies to enhance opportunities in providing thermal comfort in the workplace. Two case studies are described with respectively low and high provision of individual environmental control. A low energy open plan office in Scotland is selected with natural ventilation, where limited users have access to windows. In contrast, an air conditioned cellular plan office in Norway with excessive use of energy is selected providing every user with control over a window and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Complementary quantitative and qualitative methodologies are applied. Particular emphasis is given to Grounded Theory methods. Building users’ health conditions and perception of their thermal environment are recorded through a questionnaire and empirical building performance through the measurement of the thermal environment. These traditional techniques are further reinforced with semi-structured interviews to investigate the environmental control. A new visual recording method is applied to qualitatively analyse the subject in its context. Information regarding all users and their environment is applied as colour codes to floor plate layouts. The study examines the significance of environmental control and its effect on Sick Building Syndrome in a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace with higher energy consumption. Through this a balanced appraisal can be made of comfort profiles and user’s health between the two benchmarked buildings.
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh
Citation:
Shahzad, S.S., Brennan, J. & Theodossopoulos, D. 2013. Environmental control and sick building syndrome; a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, ASHRAE IAQ Conference Proceedings, Canada
Journal:
ASHRAE IAQ Conference
Issue Date:
2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620608
Additional Links:
http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/environmental-control-and-sick-building-syndrome-a-comparison-between-a-low-carbon-open-plan-and-a-cellular-plan-workplaces(557e955b-5adf-4a4e-ae77-73ac7b26ac2f).html
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
Department of Mechanical Engineering & the Built Environment

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Sallyen
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorTheodossopoulos, Dimitrisen
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-17T12:45:30Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-17T12:45:30Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationShahzad, S.S., Brennan, J. & Theodossopoulos, D. 2013. Environmental control and sick building syndrome; a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, ASHRAE IAQ Conference Proceedings, Canadaen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/620608-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the effect of environmental control on Sick Building Syndrome (SBS). This is examined by environmental measurement, user health and satisfaction at two workplaces with respectively low and high levels of individual control over the thermal environment. The Anglo-Saxon practice of the open plan workplace is compared to the traditional Scandinavian practice, with a greater preponderance of cellular office accommodation. The research will lead to the formulation of specific strategies to enhance opportunities in providing thermal comfort in the workplace. Two case studies are described with respectively low and high provision of individual environmental control. A low energy open plan office in Scotland is selected with natural ventilation, where limited users have access to windows. In contrast, an air conditioned cellular plan office in Norway with excessive use of energy is selected providing every user with control over a window and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Complementary quantitative and qualitative methodologies are applied. Particular emphasis is given to Grounded Theory methods. Building users’ health conditions and perception of their thermal environment are recorded through a questionnaire and empirical building performance through the measurement of the thermal environment. These traditional techniques are further reinforced with semi-structured interviews to investigate the environmental control. A new visual recording method is applied to qualitatively analyse the subject in its context. Information regarding all users and their environment is applied as colour codes to floor plate layouts. The study examines the significance of environmental control and its effect on Sick Building Syndrome in a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplace with higher energy consumption. Through this a balanced appraisal can be made of comfort profiles and user’s health between the two benchmarked buildings.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/environmental-control-and-sick-building-syndrome-a-comparison-between-a-low-carbon-open-plan-and-a-cellular-plan-workplaces(557e955b-5adf-4a4e-ae77-73ac7b26ac2f).htmlen
dc.subjectThermal comforten
dc.subjectWorkplaceen
dc.subjectHealthen
dc.subjectSick Building Syndromeen
dc.titleEnvironmental control and sick building syndrome; a comparison between a low carbon open plan and a cellular plan workplaceen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Edinburghen
dc.identifier.journalASHRAE IAQ Conferenceen
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