Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620586
Title:
Energy and Comfort in Contemporary Open Plan and Traditional Personal Offices
Authors:
Shahzad, Sally ( 0000-0003-2425-776X ) ; Theodossopoulos, Dimitris; Hughes, Ben; Calautit, John Kaiser; Brennan, John
Abstract:
Two office layouts with high and low levels of thermal control were compared, respectively traditional cellular and contemporary open plan offices. The traditional Norwegian practice provided every user with control over a window, blinds, door, and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Occupants were expected to control their thermal environment to find their own comfort, while air conditioning was operating in the background to ensure the indoor air quality. In contrast, in the British open plan office, limited thermal control was provided through openable windows and blinds only for occupants seated around the perimeter of the building. Centrally operated displacement ventilation was the main thermal control system. Users’ perception of thermal environment was recorded through survey questionnaires, empirical building performance through environmental measurements and thermal control through semi-structured interviews. The Norwegian office had 35% higher user satisfaction and 20% higher user comfort compared to the British open plan office. However, the energy consumption in the British practice was within the benchmark and much lower than the Norwegian office. Overall, a balance between thermal comfort and energy efficiency is required, as either extreme poses difficulties for the other.
Affiliation:
University of Derby; University of Edinburg; University of Sheffield
Citation:
Shahzad, S.S., Brennan, J., Theodossopoulos, D., Hughes, B., Calautit, J.K. 2016. 'Energy and Comfort in Contemporary Open Plan and Traditional Personal Offices.' Applied Energy Journal. Vol. 185, Part 2, pp. 1542-1555. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.100
Journal:
Applied Energy Journal
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620586
DOI:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.100
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916302562
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
Department of Mechanical Engineering & the Built Environment

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Sallyen
dc.contributor.authorTheodossopoulos, Dimitrisen
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Benen
dc.contributor.authorCalautit, John Kaiseren
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Johnen
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-15T19:49:18Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-15T19:49:18Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationShahzad, S.S., Brennan, J., Theodossopoulos, D., Hughes, B., Calautit, J.K. 2016. 'Energy and Comfort in Contemporary Open Plan and Traditional Personal Offices.' Applied Energy Journal. Vol. 185, Part 2, pp. 1542-1555. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.100en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.100en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/620586-
dc.description.abstractTwo office layouts with high and low levels of thermal control were compared, respectively traditional cellular and contemporary open plan offices. The traditional Norwegian practice provided every user with control over a window, blinds, door, and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Occupants were expected to control their thermal environment to find their own comfort, while air conditioning was operating in the background to ensure the indoor air quality. In contrast, in the British open plan office, limited thermal control was provided through openable windows and blinds only for occupants seated around the perimeter of the building. Centrally operated displacement ventilation was the main thermal control system. Users’ perception of thermal environment was recorded through survey questionnaires, empirical building performance through environmental measurements and thermal control through semi-structured interviews. The Norwegian office had 35% higher user satisfaction and 20% higher user comfort compared to the British open plan office. However, the energy consumption in the British practice was within the benchmark and much lower than the Norwegian office. Overall, a balance between thermal comfort and energy efficiency is required, as either extreme poses difficulties for the other.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916302562en
dc.subjectThermal comforten
dc.subjectenergyen
dc.subjectindividual controlen
dc.subjectpersonal officeen
dc.subjectopen plan officeen
dc.titleEnergy and Comfort in Contemporary Open Plan and Traditional Personal Officesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Edinburgen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sheffielden
dc.identifier.journalApplied Energy Journalen
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