Energy Efficiency and User Comfort in the Workplace: Norwegian Cellular vs. British Open Plan Workplaces

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620570
Title:
Energy Efficiency and User Comfort in the Workplace: Norwegian Cellular vs. British Open Plan Workplaces
Authors:
Shahzad, Sally ( 0000-0003-2425-776X ) ; Brennan, John; Theodossopoulos, Dimitris; Hughes, Ben; Calautit, John Kaiser
Abstract:
Two office layouts with high and low levels of thermal control were compared, respectively Norwegian cellular and British open plan offices. The Norwegian practice provided every user with control over a window, blinds, door, and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Occupants were expected to control their thermal environment to find their own comfort, while air conditioning was operatingin the background to ensure the indoor air quality. In contrast, in the British office, limited thermal control was provided through openable windows and blinds only for occupants seated around the perimeter of the building. Centrally operated displacement ventilation was the main thermal control system. Users’ perception of thermal environment was recorded through survey questionnaires, empirical building performance through environmental measurements and thermal control through semi-structured interviews. The Norwegian office had35% higher user satisfaction and 20% higher user comfort compared to the British open plan office. However, the energy consumption in the British practice was within the benchmark and much lower than the Norwegian office. Overall, a balance between thermal comfort and energy efficiency is required, as either extreme poses difficulties for the other.
Affiliation:
University of Derby; University of Edinburgh; University of Sheffield
Citation:
Shahzad S.S., Brennan J, Theodossopoulos D, Hughes B & Calautit JK. 2015. Energy Efficiency and User Comfort in the Workplace: Norwegian Cellular vs. British Open Plan Workplaces. Energy Procedia, 75, 807-812.
Journal:
Energy Procedia
Issue Date:
2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/620570
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610215009030
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
Department of Mechanical Engineering & the Built Environment

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Sallyen
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorTheodossopoulos, Dimitrisen
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Benen
dc.contributor.authorCalautit, John Kaiseren
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-15T19:43:09Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-15T19:43:09Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationShahzad S.S., Brennan J, Theodossopoulos D, Hughes B & Calautit JK. 2015. Energy Efficiency and User Comfort in the Workplace: Norwegian Cellular vs. British Open Plan Workplaces. Energy Procedia, 75, 807-812.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/620570-
dc.description.abstractTwo office layouts with high and low levels of thermal control were compared, respectively Norwegian cellular and British open plan offices. The Norwegian practice provided every user with control over a window, blinds, door, and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Occupants were expected to control their thermal environment to find their own comfort, while air conditioning was operatingin the background to ensure the indoor air quality. In contrast, in the British office, limited thermal control was provided through openable windows and blinds only for occupants seated around the perimeter of the building. Centrally operated displacement ventilation was the main thermal control system. Users’ perception of thermal environment was recorded through survey questionnaires, empirical building performance through environmental measurements and thermal control through semi-structured interviews. The Norwegian office had35% higher user satisfaction and 20% higher user comfort compared to the British open plan office. However, the energy consumption in the British practice was within the benchmark and much lower than the Norwegian office. Overall, a balance between thermal comfort and energy efficiency is required, as either extreme poses difficulties for the other.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610215009030en
dc.subjectThermal comforten
dc.subjectEnergyen
dc.subjectworkplaceen
dc.subjectCellular planen
dc.subjectopen plan officeen
dc.titleEnergy Efficiency and User Comfort in the Workplace: Norwegian Cellular vs. British Open Plan Workplacesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Edinburghen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sheffielden
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Procediaen
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