Stress and Risky Decision Making: Cognitive Reflection, Emotional Learning or Both.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618791
Title:
Stress and Risky Decision Making: Cognitive Reflection, Emotional Learning or Both.
Authors:
Simonovic, Boban; Stupple, Edward J. N. ( 0000-0001-8545-9504 ) ; Gale, Maggie; Sheffield, David ( 0000-0001-9121-1783 )
Other Titles:
Stress and reflection effects on the IGT
Abstract:
Stressful situations hinder judgment. Effects of stress induced by anticipated public speaking on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) were examined. The Cognitive Reflection Task (CRT) was used to examine the relationship between reflective thinking and IGT performance. The stress manipulation increased blood pressure and was associated with poorer IGT and CRT performance. Stressed participants were slower to avoid the disadvantageous decks. Moreover, CRT scores correlated with optimal deck selections indicating the importance of reflective thinking for good performance on the IGT. These correlations were observed in relatively early trials, which challenges the view that analytic thinking is not important when card contingencies are being learned. Data revealed that IGT performance in healthy individuals is not always optimal; stress levels impair performance. A mediation analysis was consistent with the proposal that the stress manipulation reduced IGT performance by impeding reflective thinking. Thus reflective processing is an important explanation of IGT performance in healthy populations. It was concluded that more reflective participants appear to learn from the outcomes of their decisions even when stressed.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Simonovic, B. (2016) 'Stress and Risky Decision Making: Cognitive Reflection, Emotional Learning or Both', Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30 (2) pp. 658-665. DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1980
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Journal of Behavioral Decision Making
Issue Date:
19-Aug-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618791
DOI:
10.1002/bdm.1980
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
08943257
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research; University of Derby Online (UDOL); University of Derby Online (UDOL)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSimonovic, Bobanen
dc.contributor.authorStupple, Edward J. N.en
dc.contributor.authorGale, Maggieen
dc.contributor.authorSheffield, Daviden
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-25T11:15:35Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-25T11:15:35Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-19-
dc.identifier.citationSimonovic, B. (2016) 'Stress and Risky Decision Making: Cognitive Reflection, Emotional Learning or Both', Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30 (2) pp. 658-665. DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1980en
dc.identifier.issn08943257en
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/bdm.1980en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/618791-
dc.description.abstractStressful situations hinder judgment. Effects of stress induced by anticipated public speaking on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) were examined. The Cognitive Reflection Task (CRT) was used to examine the relationship between reflective thinking and IGT performance. The stress manipulation increased blood pressure and was associated with poorer IGT and CRT performance. Stressed participants were slower to avoid the disadvantageous decks. Moreover, CRT scores correlated with optimal deck selections indicating the importance of reflective thinking for good performance on the IGT. These correlations were observed in relatively early trials, which challenges the view that analytic thinking is not important when card contingencies are being learned. Data revealed that IGT performance in healthy individuals is not always optimal; stress levels impair performance. A mediation analysis was consistent with the proposal that the stress manipulation reduced IGT performance by impeding reflective thinking. Thus reflective processing is an important explanation of IGT performance in healthy populations. It was concluded that more reflective participants appear to learn from the outcomes of their decisions even when stressed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.subjectStressen
dc.subjectDecision makingen
dc.subjectIowa Gambling Tasken
dc.subjectCognitive Reflection Testen
dc.subjectDual Process Theoryen
dc.titleStress and Risky Decision Making: Cognitive Reflection, Emotional Learning or Both.en
dc.title.alternativeStress and reflection effects on the IGTen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Behavioral Decision Makingen
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