Prevalence and Incidence of Black Band Disease of Scleractinian Corals in the Kepulauan Seribu Region of Indonesia

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618783
Title:
Prevalence and Incidence of Black Band Disease of Scleractinian Corals in the Kepulauan Seribu Region of Indonesia
Authors:
Johan, Ofri ( 0000-0003-3772-9586 ) ; Zamani, Neviaty P. Zamani ( 0000-0001-7687-9443 ) ; Smith, David; Sweet, Michael J. ( 0000-0003-4983-8333 )
Abstract:
Black band disease (BBD) is the oldest recognised disease associated with scleractinian corals. However, despite this, few BBD surveys have been conducted in the Indonesian archipelago,one of the world’s hot spots for coral diversity. In this study, we show that BBD was recorded in the reefs of Kepulauan Seribu, Indonesia, at the time of surveying. The disease was found to mainly infect corals of the genus Montipora. In some instances, upwards of 177 colonies (31.64%) were found to be infected at specific sites. Prevalence of the disease ranged from 0.31% to 31.64% of Montipora sp. colonies throughout the archipelago. Although BBD was found at all sites, lower frequencies were associated with sites closest to the mainland (17.99 km), as well as those that were furthest away (63.65 km). Despite there being no linear relationship between distance from major population centers and BBD incidence, high incidences of this disease were associated with sites characterized by higher levels of light intensity. Furthermore, surveys revealed that outbreaks peaked during the transitional period between the dry and rainy seasons. Therefore, we suggest that future surveys for disease prevalence in this region of Indonesia should focus on these transitory periods.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Johan, O. et al (2016) 'Prevalence and Incidence of Black Band Disease of Scleractinian Corals in the Kepulauan Seribu Region of Indonesia', Diversity, 8 (2):11, DOI: 10.3390/d8020011
Journal:
Diversity
Issue Date:
28-Apr-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618783
DOI:
10.3390/d8020011
Additional Links:
http://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/8/2/11; https://www.academia.edu/24847100/Prevalence_and_Incidence_of_Black_Band_Disease_of_Scleractinian_Corals_in_the_Kepulauan_Seribu_Region_of_Indonesia
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1424-2818
Appears in Collections:
Environmental Sustainability Research Centre

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorJohan, Ofrien
dc.contributor.authorZamani, Neviaty P. Zamanien
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorSweet, Michael J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-25T10:59:50Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-25T10:59:50Z-
dc.date.issued2016-04-28-
dc.identifier.citationJohan, O. et al (2016) 'Prevalence and Incidence of Black Band Disease of Scleractinian Corals in the Kepulauan Seribu Region of Indonesia', Diversity, 8 (2):11, DOI: 10.3390/d8020011en
dc.identifier.issn1424-2818-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/d8020011-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/618783-
dc.description.abstractBlack band disease (BBD) is the oldest recognised disease associated with scleractinian corals. However, despite this, few BBD surveys have been conducted in the Indonesian archipelago,one of the world’s hot spots for coral diversity. In this study, we show that BBD was recorded in the reefs of Kepulauan Seribu, Indonesia, at the time of surveying. The disease was found to mainly infect corals of the genus Montipora. In some instances, upwards of 177 colonies (31.64%) were found to be infected at specific sites. Prevalence of the disease ranged from 0.31% to 31.64% of Montipora sp. colonies throughout the archipelago. Although BBD was found at all sites, lower frequencies were associated with sites closest to the mainland (17.99 km), as well as those that were furthest away (63.65 km). Despite there being no linear relationship between distance from major population centers and BBD incidence, high incidences of this disease were associated with sites characterized by higher levels of light intensity. Furthermore, surveys revealed that outbreaks peaked during the transitional period between the dry and rainy seasons. Therefore, we suggest that future surveys for disease prevalence in this region of Indonesia should focus on these transitory periods.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/8/2/11en
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.academia.edu/24847100/Prevalence_and_Incidence_of_Black_Band_Disease_of_Scleractinian_Corals_in_the_Kepulauan_Seribu_Region_of_Indonesiaen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Diversityen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectcoralen
dc.subjectcoral diseaseen
dc.titlePrevalence and Incidence of Black Band Disease of Scleractinian Corals in the Kepulauan Seribu Region of Indonesiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalDiversityen
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