Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618776
Title:
Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability
Authors:
Owen, S.; Maratos, Frances A. ( 0000-0001-5738-6491 )
Abstract:
Background Across the USA and UK schemes now exist to aid the successful integration of adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities into general society. One factor that may prove important to the success of such schemes is social competence. Here, understanding the facial expressions of others is critical, as emotion recognition is a prerequisite to empathetic responding and an essential factor in social functioning. Yet research in this area is lacking, especially in community-based samples. Method We investigated the performance of 13 adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID), relative to 13 age-matched controls, on three tasks of emotion recognition (emotion categorisation; recognition of valence; recognition of arousal), using a number of ‘basic’ (angry, happy) and more ‘subtle’ (compassionate, critical) emotional expressions, as well as the posers face in a default relaxed (i.e. ‘neutral’) state. Importantly, the sample was drawn from a community-based initiative, and was therefore representative of populations’ government schemes target. Results Across emotion recognition tasks the ID adults, as compared to controls, were significantly impaired when labelling the emotions displayed by the poser as well as recognising the associated ‘feelings’ conveyed by these faces. This was especially true for the neutral, compassionate and angry facial expressions. For example, ID adults demonstrated deficits in categorising neutral and subtle emotional expressions, as well as assessing the valence of such facial expressions. In addition, ID adults also struggled to assess arousal levels; especially those associated with compassionate and angry faces. Conclusion Given both basic and subtle emotions are conveyed in a range of daily situations, errors in interpreting such facial expressions and, relatedly, understanding what potential behaviours such expressions signify could contributing to the social difficulties ID adults face. This is important since current initiatives such as ‘personalisation’ do not appear to have schemes supporting training in this area and understanding the facial expressions of others is, after all, one of our most important non-verbal social communication tools.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Owen, S. and Maratos, F. (2016) 'Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability',Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60 (4):344. DOI: 10.1111/jir.12253
Journal:
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue Date:
Apr-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618776
DOI:
10.1111/jir.12253
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jir.12253
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
09642633
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorOwen, S.en
dc.contributor.authorMaratos, Frances A.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-25T10:29:49Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-25T10:29:49Z-
dc.date.issued2016-04-
dc.identifier.citationOwen, S. and Maratos, F. (2016) 'Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability',Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60 (4):344. DOI: 10.1111/jir.12253en
dc.identifier.issn09642633-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jir.12253-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/618776-
dc.description.abstractBackground Across the USA and UK schemes now exist to aid the successful integration of adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities into general society. One factor that may prove important to the success of such schemes is social competence. Here, understanding the facial expressions of others is critical, as emotion recognition is a prerequisite to empathetic responding and an essential factor in social functioning. Yet research in this area is lacking, especially in community-based samples. Method We investigated the performance of 13 adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID), relative to 13 age-matched controls, on three tasks of emotion recognition (emotion categorisation; recognition of valence; recognition of arousal), using a number of ‘basic’ (angry, happy) and more ‘subtle’ (compassionate, critical) emotional expressions, as well as the posers face in a default relaxed (i.e. ‘neutral’) state. Importantly, the sample was drawn from a community-based initiative, and was therefore representative of populations’ government schemes target. Results Across emotion recognition tasks the ID adults, as compared to controls, were significantly impaired when labelling the emotions displayed by the poser as well as recognising the associated ‘feelings’ conveyed by these faces. This was especially true for the neutral, compassionate and angry facial expressions. For example, ID adults demonstrated deficits in categorising neutral and subtle emotional expressions, as well as assessing the valence of such facial expressions. In addition, ID adults also struggled to assess arousal levels; especially those associated with compassionate and angry faces. Conclusion Given both basic and subtle emotions are conveyed in a range of daily situations, errors in interpreting such facial expressions and, relatedly, understanding what potential behaviours such expressions signify could contributing to the social difficulties ID adults face. This is important since current initiatives such as ‘personalisation’ do not appear to have schemes supporting training in this area and understanding the facial expressions of others is, after all, one of our most important non-verbal social communication tools.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jir.12253en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Intellectual Disability Researchen
dc.subjectemotion recognitionen
dc.subjectintellectual disabilityen
dc.subjectsubtle expressionsen
dc.subjectuniversal expressionsen
dc.titleRecognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disabilityen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Intellectual Disability Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology; University of Derby; Derby UK-
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology; University of Derby; Derby UK-
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