Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618773
Title:
Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.
Authors:
Kelly, Lauren; Maratos, Frances A. ( 0000-0001-5738-6491 ) ; Lipka, Sigrid ( 0000-0002-4685-1324 ) ; Croker, Steve ( 0000-0003-2990-0013 )
Abstract:
Research suggests anxious children display increased attentional biases for threat-related stimuli. However, findings based upon spatial domain research are equivocal. Moreover, few studies allow for the independent analysis of trials containing neutral (i.e., potentially ambiguous) faces. Here, we report two temporal attentional blink experiments with high trait anxious (HTA) and low trait anxious (LTA) children. In an emotive experiment, we manipulated the valence of the second target (T2: threatening/positive/neutral). Results revealed that HTA, relative to LTA, children demonstrated better performance on neutral trials. Additionally, HTA children demonstrated a threat-superiority effect whereas LTA children demonstrated an emotion-superiority effect. In a non-emotive control, no differences between HTA and LTA children were observed. Results suggest trait anxiety is associated with an attentional bias for threat in children. Additionally, the neutral face finding suggests HTA children bias attention towards ambiguity. These findings could have important implications for current anxiety disorder research and treatments.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Kelly, L. et al (2016) 'Attentional Bias towards Threatening and Neutral Facial Expressions in High Trait Anxious Children.' Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 7(3) pp. 343-359.
Journal:
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
Issue Date:
3-Jul-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/618773
DOI:
10.5127/jep.052915
Additional Links:
http://jep.textrum.com/index.php?art_id=262
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
20438087
Appears in Collections:
Human Sciences Research Centre

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Laurenen
dc.contributor.authorMaratos, Frances A.en
dc.contributor.authorLipka, Sigriden
dc.contributor.authorCroker, Steveen
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-24T21:14:14Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-24T21:14:14Z-
dc.date.issued2016-07-03-
dc.identifier.citationKelly, L. et al (2016) 'Attentional Bias towards Threatening and Neutral Facial Expressions in High Trait Anxious Children.' Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 7(3) pp. 343-359.en
dc.identifier.issn20438087-
dc.identifier.doi10.5127/jep.052915-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/618773-
dc.description.abstractResearch suggests anxious children display increased attentional biases for threat-related stimuli. However, findings based upon spatial domain research are equivocal. Moreover, few studies allow for the independent analysis of trials containing neutral (i.e., potentially ambiguous) faces. Here, we report two temporal attentional blink experiments with high trait anxious (HTA) and low trait anxious (LTA) children. In an emotive experiment, we manipulated the valence of the second target (T2: threatening/positive/neutral). Results revealed that HTA, relative to LTA, children demonstrated better performance on neutral trials. Additionally, HTA children demonstrated a threat-superiority effect whereas LTA children demonstrated an emotion-superiority effect. In a non-emotive control, no differences between HTA and LTA children were observed. Results suggest trait anxiety is associated with an attentional bias for threat in children. Additionally, the neutral face finding suggests HTA children bias attention towards ambiguity. These findings could have important implications for current anxiety disorder research and treatments.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://jep.textrum.com/index.php?art_id=262en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Experimental Psychopathologyen
dc.subjectTrait anxietyen
dc.subjectChildrenen
dc.subjectAttentional biasen
dc.subjectAmbiguityen
dc.subjectThreaten
dc.subjectNeutral facesen
dc.subjectIntepretaion biasen
dc.titleAttentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Experimental Psychopathologyen
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