Parental confidence in managing food allergy: development and validation of the food allergy self-efficacy scale for parents (FASE-P)

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/604747
Title:
Parental confidence in managing food allergy: development and validation of the food allergy self-efficacy scale for parents (FASE-P)
Authors:
Knibb, Rebecca C. ( 0000-0001-5561-0904 ) ; Barnes, Christopher ( 0000-0001-8318-4412 ) ; Stalker, Carol ( 0000-0002-9734-9924 )
Abstract:
Background: Food allergy is often a life-long condition that requires constant vigilance in order to prevent accidental exposure and avoid potentially life-threatening symptoms. Parents’ confidence in managing their child’s food allergy may relate to the poor quality of life anxiety and worry reported by parents of food allergic children. Objective: The aim of the current study was to develop and validate the first scale to measure parental confidence (self-efficacy) in managing food allergy in their child. Methods: The Food Allergy Self-Efficacy Scale for Parents (FASE-P) was developed through interviews with 53 parents, consultation of the literature and experts in the area. The FASE-P was then completed by 434 parents of food allergic children from a general population sample in addition to the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the Food Allergy Quality of Life Parental Burden Scale (FAQL-PB), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and the Food Allergy Impact Measure (FAIM). A total of 250 parents completed the re-test of the FASE-P. Results: Factor and reliability analysis resulted in a 21 item scale with 5 sub-scales. The overall scale and sub-scales has good to excellent internal consistency (α’s of 0.63-0.89) and the scale is stable over time. There were low to moderate significant correlations with the GSES, FAIM and GHQ12 and strong correlations with the FAQL-PB, with better parental confidence relating to better general self-efficacy, better quality of life and better mental health in the parent. Poorer self-efficacy was related to egg and milk allergy; self-efficacy was not related to severity of allergy. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The FASE-P is a reliable and valid scale for use with parents from a general population. Its application within clinical settings could aid provision of advice and improve targeted interventions by identifying areas where parents have less confidence in managing their child’s food allergy.
Affiliation:
Aston University; University of Derby; University of Derby
Citation:
Knibb, R., Barnes, C. and Stalker, C. 2015, Parental confidence in managing food allergy: development and validation of the food allergy self-efficacy scale for parents (FASE-P), Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 45 (11):1681
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Clinical & Experimental Allergy
Issue Date:
Nov-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/604747
DOI:
10.1111/cea.12599
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cea.12599
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
09547894
Sponsors:
This study was funded by pump priming money from the Health and Lifespan Research Group at Aston University.
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKnibb, Rebecca C.en
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Christopheren
dc.contributor.authorStalker, Carolen
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-07T15:04:04Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-07T15:04:04Zen
dc.date.issued2015-11en
dc.identifier.citationKnibb, R., Barnes, C. and Stalker, C. 2015, Parental confidence in managing food allergy: development and validation of the food allergy self-efficacy scale for parents (FASE-P), Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 45 (11):1681en
dc.identifier.issn09547894en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/cea.12599en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/604747en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Food allergy is often a life-long condition that requires constant vigilance in order to prevent accidental exposure and avoid potentially life-threatening symptoms. Parents’ confidence in managing their child’s food allergy may relate to the poor quality of life anxiety and worry reported by parents of food allergic children. Objective: The aim of the current study was to develop and validate the first scale to measure parental confidence (self-efficacy) in managing food allergy in their child. Methods: The Food Allergy Self-Efficacy Scale for Parents (FASE-P) was developed through interviews with 53 parents, consultation of the literature and experts in the area. The FASE-P was then completed by 434 parents of food allergic children from a general population sample in addition to the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the Food Allergy Quality of Life Parental Burden Scale (FAQL-PB), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and the Food Allergy Impact Measure (FAIM). A total of 250 parents completed the re-test of the FASE-P. Results: Factor and reliability analysis resulted in a 21 item scale with 5 sub-scales. The overall scale and sub-scales has good to excellent internal consistency (α’s of 0.63-0.89) and the scale is stable over time. There were low to moderate significant correlations with the GSES, FAIM and GHQ12 and strong correlations with the FAQL-PB, with better parental confidence relating to better general self-efficacy, better quality of life and better mental health in the parent. Poorer self-efficacy was related to egg and milk allergy; self-efficacy was not related to severity of allergy. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The FASE-P is a reliable and valid scale for use with parents from a general population. Its application within clinical settings could aid provision of advice and improve targeted interventions by identifying areas where parents have less confidence in managing their child’s food allergy.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by pump priming money from the Health and Lifespan Research Group at Aston University.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cea.12599en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Clinical & Experimental Allergyen
dc.subjectFood allergyen
dc.subjectSelf-efficacyen
dc.subjectConfidenceen
dc.subjectParentsen
dc.subjectQuality of lifeen
dc.titleParental confidence in managing food allergy: development and validation of the food allergy self-efficacy scale for parents (FASE-P)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAston Universityen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalClinical & Experimental Allergyen
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology; School of Life and Health Sciences; Aston University; Birmingham UKen
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology; College of Life and Natural Sciences; University of Derby; Derby UKen
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology; College of Life and Natural Sciences; University of Derby; Derby UKen
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