Application of shape grammar theory to underground rail station design and passenger evacuation

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/582956
Title:
Application of shape grammar theory to underground rail station design and passenger evacuation
Authors:
Ceranic, Boris; Smith, Graham
Abstract:
This paper outlines the development of a computer design environment that generates station ‘reference’ plans for analysis by designers at the project feasibility stage. The developed program uses the theoretical concept of shape grammar, based upon principles of recognition and replacement of a particular shape to enable the generation of station layouts. The developed novel shape grammar rules produce multiple plans of accurately sized infrastructure faster than by traditional means. A finite set of station infrastructure elements and a finite set of connection possibilities for them, directed by regulations and the logical processes of station usage, allows for increasingly complex composite shapes to be automatically produced, some of which are credible station layouts at ‘reference’ block plan level. The proposed method of generating shape grammar plans is aligned to London Underground standards, in particular to the Station Planning Standards and Guidelines 5th edition (SPSG5 2007) and the BS-7974 fire safety engineering process. Quantitative testing is via existing evacuation modelling software. The prototype system, named SGEvac, has both the scope and potential for redevelopment to any other country’s design legislation.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Smith, G., Ceranic, B. (2012), ‘Application of Shape Grammar Theory to Underground Rail Station Design and Passenger Evacuation’, Proc.of International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology for Sustainable Development, Tamil Nadu, India
Publisher:
Proc. of International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology for Sustainable Development, Tamil Nadu, India, 2012
Issue Date:
Jun-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/582956
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
The Built Environment Research Group (BERG)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCeranic, Borisen
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Grahamen
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-30T14:31:20Zen
dc.date.available2015-11-30T14:31:20Zen
dc.date.issued2012-06en
dc.identifier.citationSmith, G., Ceranic, B. (2012), ‘Application of Shape Grammar Theory to Underground Rail Station Design and Passenger Evacuation’, Proc.of International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology for Sustainable Development, Tamil Nadu, Indiaen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/582956en
dc.description.abstractThis paper outlines the development of a computer design environment that generates station ‘reference’ plans for analysis by designers at the project feasibility stage. The developed program uses the theoretical concept of shape grammar, based upon principles of recognition and replacement of a particular shape to enable the generation of station layouts. The developed novel shape grammar rules produce multiple plans of accurately sized infrastructure faster than by traditional means. A finite set of station infrastructure elements and a finite set of connection possibilities for them, directed by regulations and the logical processes of station usage, allows for increasingly complex composite shapes to be automatically produced, some of which are credible station layouts at ‘reference’ block plan level. The proposed method of generating shape grammar plans is aligned to London Underground standards, in particular to the Station Planning Standards and Guidelines 5th edition (SPSG5 2007) and the BS-7974 fire safety engineering process. Quantitative testing is via existing evacuation modelling software. The prototype system, named SGEvac, has both the scope and potential for redevelopment to any other country’s design legislation.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherProc. of International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology for Sustainable Development, Tamil Nadu, India, 2012en
dc.subjectLayout improvementen
dc.subjectStation designen
dc.subjectShape grammaren
dc.subjectFire evacuationen
dc.titleApplication of shape grammar theory to underground rail station design and passenger evacuationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
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