Spatial layout planning in sub-surface rail station design for effective fire evacuation

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/582823
Title:
Spatial layout planning in sub-surface rail station design for effective fire evacuation
Authors:
Smith, Graham; Ceranic, Boris
Abstract:
The London Underground network is a crucial part of the transportation system in one of only four ‘Alpha’ world cities. The other three – Paris, New York and Tokyo – also have such sub-surface railway transport systems that may benefit from this shape grammar station design process in a future research proposal. In London’s case, the passenger flow rates are the underlining factor in sizing infrastructure where passengers have access – it is therefore this criterion that provides the basis for the shape grammar formulation for the largest, oldest and one of the most complex underground systems in the world. The research aims to improve passenger fire evacuation times, with due cognisance of the growth of numbers using the system, and its present susceptibility to terrorist attacks taken into account. The proposed shape grammar approach will provide for generation of spatial layouts, based upon visual rules of shape recognition, replacement / union, their connectivity and spatial relationships. The paper concentrates on definition and implementation of novel shape grammar design rules that incorporate station planning design knowledge, and in particular also discusses designers’ fire risk assessment approach and related knowledge that is also needed to produce credible station design solutions. Development, to date, of the proposed artificially intelligent CAD environment is also described along with parallel theoretical research. The proposed CAD interface provides familiarity to the designer and avoids incompatibility issues regarding drawing exchange format between various software systems. The shape grammar layouts produced will be tested in SIMULEX, a commercially available evacuation package, and be compared against ‘traditionally’ designed layouts to demonstrate improvements of preliminary ‘reference’ designs, which follow the standard London Underground design process as a later stage of this research.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Smith, Graham, and Ceranic, Boris (2008) 'Spatial layout planning in sub-surface rail station design for effective fire evacuation', Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 2008, 4 (2):99
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Journal:
Architectural Engineering and Design Management
Issue Date:
1-Dec-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/582823
DOI:
10.3763/aedm.2008.0078
Additional Links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3763/aedm.2008.0078
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
17452007; 17527589
Appears in Collections:
The Built Environment Research Group (BERG)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Grahamen
dc.contributor.authorCeranic, Borisen
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-27T12:18:41Zen
dc.date.available2015-11-27T12:18:41Zen
dc.date.issued2008-12-01en
dc.identifier.citationSmith, Graham, and Ceranic, Boris (2008) 'Spatial layout planning in sub-surface rail station design for effective fire evacuation', Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 2008, 4 (2):99en
dc.identifier.issn17452007en
dc.identifier.issn17527589en
dc.identifier.doi10.3763/aedm.2008.0078en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/582823en
dc.description.abstractThe London Underground network is a crucial part of the transportation system in one of only four ‘Alpha’ world cities. The other three – Paris, New York and Tokyo – also have such sub-surface railway transport systems that may benefit from this shape grammar station design process in a future research proposal. In London’s case, the passenger flow rates are the underlining factor in sizing infrastructure where passengers have access – it is therefore this criterion that provides the basis for the shape grammar formulation for the largest, oldest and one of the most complex underground systems in the world. The research aims to improve passenger fire evacuation times, with due cognisance of the growth of numbers using the system, and its present susceptibility to terrorist attacks taken into account. The proposed shape grammar approach will provide for generation of spatial layouts, based upon visual rules of shape recognition, replacement / union, their connectivity and spatial relationships. The paper concentrates on definition and implementation of novel shape grammar design rules that incorporate station planning design knowledge, and in particular also discusses designers’ fire risk assessment approach and related knowledge that is also needed to produce credible station design solutions. Development, to date, of the proposed artificially intelligent CAD environment is also described along with parallel theoretical research. The proposed CAD interface provides familiarity to the designer and avoids incompatibility issues regarding drawing exchange format between various software systems. The shape grammar layouts produced will be tested in SIMULEX, a commercially available evacuation package, and be compared against ‘traditionally’ designed layouts to demonstrate improvements of preliminary ‘reference’ designs, which follow the standard London Underground design process as a later stage of this research.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3763/aedm.2008.0078en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Architectural Engineering and Design Managementen
dc.subjectShape grammaren
dc.subjectFire evacuationen
dc.subjectSpatial layouten
dc.subjectUnderground station designen
dc.titleSpatial layout planning in sub-surface rail station design for effective fire evacuationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalArchitectural Engineering and Design Managementen
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