Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/313344
Title:
Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set
Authors:
McEwan, Kirsten ( 0000-0002-0945-0521 ) ; Gilbert, Paul ( 0000-0001-8431-9892 ) ; Dandeneau, Stephane; Lipka, Sigrid ( 0000-0002-4685-1324 ) ; Maratos, Frances A. ( 0000-0001-5738-6491 ) ; Paterson, Kevin B.; Baldwin, Mark
Abstract:
Attachment with altruistic others requires the ability to appropriately process affiliative and kind facial cues. Yet there is no stimulus set available to investigate such processes. Here, we developed a stimulus set depicting compassionate and critical facial expressions, and validated its effectiveness using well-established visual-probe methodology. In Study 1, 62 participants rated photographs of actors displaying compassionate/kind and critical faces on strength of emotion type. This produced a new stimulus set based on N = 31 actors, whose facial expressions were reliably distinguished as compassionate, critical and neutral. In Study 2, 70 participants completed a visual-probe task measuring attentional orientation to critical and compassionate/kind faces. This revealed that participants lower in self-criticism demonstrated enhanced attention to compassionate/kind faces whereas those higher in self-criticism showed no bias. To sum, the new stimulus set produced interpretable findings using visual-probe methodology and is the first to include higher order, complex positive affect displays.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
McEwan, K., Gilbert, P., Dandeneau, S., Lipka, S., Maratos, F., Paterson, K.B., & Baldwin, M. (2014). Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: The development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLoS ONE 9(2): e88783. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Journal:
PLoS ONE
Issue Date:
19-Feb-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/313344
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Additional Links:
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1932-6203
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMcEwan, Kirstenen
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Paulen
dc.contributor.authorDandeneau, Stephaneen
dc.contributor.authorLipka, Sigriden
dc.contributor.authorMaratos, Frances A.en
dc.contributor.authorPaterson, Kevin B.en
dc.contributor.authorBaldwin, Marken
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-25T17:07:14Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-25T17:07:14Z-
dc.date.issued2014-02-19-
dc.identifier.citationMcEwan, K., Gilbert, P., Dandeneau, S., Lipka, S., Maratos, F., Paterson, K.B., & Baldwin, M. (2014). Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: The development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLoS ONE 9(2): e88783. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088783en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0088783-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/313344-
dc.description.abstractAttachment with altruistic others requires the ability to appropriately process affiliative and kind facial cues. Yet there is no stimulus set available to investigate such processes. Here, we developed a stimulus set depicting compassionate and critical facial expressions, and validated its effectiveness using well-established visual-probe methodology. In Study 1, 62 participants rated photographs of actors displaying compassionate/kind and critical faces on strength of emotion type. This produced a new stimulus set based on N = 31 actors, whose facial expressions were reliably distinguished as compassionate, critical and neutral. In Study 2, 70 participants completed a visual-probe task measuring attentional orientation to critical and compassionate/kind faces. This revealed that participants lower in self-criticism demonstrated enhanced attention to compassionate/kind faces whereas those higher in self-criticism showed no bias. To sum, the new stimulus set produced interpretable findings using visual-probe methodology and is the first to include higher order, complex positive affect displays.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLoS ONEen
dc.subjectAttentional biasen
dc.subjectCompassionen
dc.subjectSelf-criticismen
dc.subjectFacial expressionen
dc.titleFacial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus seten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONEen
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