Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621475
Title:
Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)
Authors:
Elander, James; Said, Omimah; Maratos, Frances A.; Dys, Ada; Collins, Hannah; Schofield, Malcolm B.
Abstract:
Attitudes to pain medication are important aspects of adjustment to chronic pain. They are measured by the 47-item Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ). To measure those attitudes more quickly and easily, we developed and evaluated a 14-item PMAQ using data from three separate surveys of people with pain in the general population. In survey 1, participants (n=295) completed the 47-item PMAQ and measures of pain, analgesic use, analgesic dependence and attitudes to self-medication. For each of the seven PMAQ scales, the two items that best preserved the content of the parent scales were identified using correlation and regression. The 2-item and parent scales had very similar relationships with other measures, indicating validity had been maintained. The resulting 14-item PMAQ was then completed by participants in survey 2 (n=241) and survey 3 (n=147), along with the same other measures as in survey 1. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 14-item PMAQ retained the 7-factor structure of the 47-item version, and correlations with other measures showed it retained the validity of the 47-item version. The PMAQ scale Need was the most significant independent predictor of analgesic dependence in each of four separate multiple regression analyses. This short form of the PMAQ allows attitudes to pain medications to be measured in a valid and more efficient way.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Elander, J. et al (2017) 'Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)' PAIN, 158 (3):400
Publisher:
International Association for the Study of Pain
Journal:
Pain
Issue Date:
Mar-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621475
DOI:
10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000773
Additional Links:
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006396-201703000-00007
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
03043959
Sponsors:
Survey 1 was part of Doctoral research undertaken by Omimah Said. Survey 2 was part of a study funded by a small grant awarded to James Elander and Omimah Said from the University of Derby’s Research for Learning and Teaching Fund. Survey 3 was part of a study funded by a British Psychological Society Undergraduate Research Assistantship bursary awarded to Ada Dys, and by a University of Derby Undergraduate Research Scholarship Scheme bursary awarded to Hannah Collins.
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorElander, Jamesen
dc.contributor.authorSaid, Omimahen
dc.contributor.authorMaratos, Frances A.en
dc.contributor.authorDys, Adaen
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Hannahen
dc.contributor.authorSchofield, Malcolm B.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-02T14:59:08Z-
dc.date.available2017-03-02T14:59:08Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-
dc.identifier.citationElander, J. et al (2017) 'Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)' PAIN, 158 (3):400en
dc.identifier.issn03043959-
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000773-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/621475-
dc.description.abstractAttitudes to pain medication are important aspects of adjustment to chronic pain. They are measured by the 47-item Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ). To measure those attitudes more quickly and easily, we developed and evaluated a 14-item PMAQ using data from three separate surveys of people with pain in the general population. In survey 1, participants (n=295) completed the 47-item PMAQ and measures of pain, analgesic use, analgesic dependence and attitudes to self-medication. For each of the seven PMAQ scales, the two items that best preserved the content of the parent scales were identified using correlation and regression. The 2-item and parent scales had very similar relationships with other measures, indicating validity had been maintained. The resulting 14-item PMAQ was then completed by participants in survey 2 (n=241) and survey 3 (n=147), along with the same other measures as in survey 1. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 14-item PMAQ retained the 7-factor structure of the 47-item version, and correlations with other measures showed it retained the validity of the 47-item version. The PMAQ scale Need was the most significant independent predictor of analgesic dependence in each of four separate multiple regression analyses. This short form of the PMAQ allows attitudes to pain medications to be measured in a valid and more efficient way.en
dc.description.sponsorshipSurvey 1 was part of Doctoral research undertaken by Omimah Said. Survey 2 was part of a study funded by a small grant awarded to James Elander and Omimah Said from the University of Derby’s Research for Learning and Teaching Fund. Survey 3 was part of a study funded by a British Psychological Society Undergraduate Research Assistantship bursary awarded to Ada Dys, and by a University of Derby Undergraduate Research Scholarship Scheme bursary awarded to Hannah Collins.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Association for the Study of Painen
dc.relation.urlhttp://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006396-201703000-00007en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PAINen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectPain medicationen
dc.subjectAttitudesen
dc.titleDevelopment and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalPainen
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