Paternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/596269
Title:
Paternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)
Authors:
Huck, Maren ( 0000-0002-7740-3903 ) ; Löttker, Petra; Böhle, Uta-Regina; Heymann, Eckhard W.
Abstract:
We studied patterns of genetic relatedness and paternity in moustached tamarins, small Neotropical primates living in groups of 1–4 adult males and 1–4 adult females. Generally only one female per group breeds, mating with more than one male. Twin birth are the norm. In order to examine the genetic consequences of this mating pattern, DNA was extracted from fecal samples collected from two principal and six neighboring groups. DNA was characterized at twelve microsatellite loci (average: seven alleles/locus). We addressed the following questions: Do all adult males have mating access to the reproductive female of the group? How is paternity distributed across males in a group? Can polyandrous mating lead to multiple paternity? Are nonparental animals more closely related to the breeders than to the population mean? And, are mating partners unrelated? Breeding females mated with all nonrelated males. In at least one group the father of the older offspring did not sire the youngest infant although he was still resident in the group. We also found evidence for multiple paternity in a supposed twin pair. Yet, within each group the majority (67–100%) of infants had the same father, suggesting reproductive skew. Relatedness within groups was generally high (average R 0.31), although both nonrelated males and females occurred, i.e., immigrations of both sexes are possible. Mating partners were never found to be related, hence inbreeding seems to be uncommon. The results suggest that while the social mating system is polyandry, paternity is often monopolized by a single male per group.
Affiliation:
Abteilung für Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum Göttingen, Germany (German Primate Centre); Abteilung für Verhaltensforschung, Universität Bielefeld, Germany; Institut für Neuro- & Verhaltensbiologie, Abt. Verhaltensbiologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany; Arbeitsgruppe Primatengenetik, Deutsches Primatenzentrum (DPZ), Göttingen, Germany
Citation:
Paternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax) 2005, 127 (4):449 American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Journal:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Issue Date:
2005
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/596269
DOI:
10.1002/ajpa.20136
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajpa.20136
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0002-9483; 1096-8644
Sponsors:
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (HE 1870/10-1,2)
Appears in Collections:
Biological Sciences Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHuck, Marenen
dc.contributor.authorLöttker, Petraen
dc.contributor.authorBöhle, Uta-Reginaen
dc.contributor.authorHeymann, Eckhard W.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-15T14:46:38Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-15T14:46:38Zen
dc.date.issued2005en
dc.identifier.citationPaternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax) 2005, 127 (4):449 American Journal of Physical Anthropologyen
dc.identifier.issn0002-9483en
dc.identifier.issn1096-8644en
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ajpa.20136en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/596269en
dc.description.abstractWe studied patterns of genetic relatedness and paternity in moustached tamarins, small Neotropical primates living in groups of 1–4 adult males and 1–4 adult females. Generally only one female per group breeds, mating with more than one male. Twin birth are the norm. In order to examine the genetic consequences of this mating pattern, DNA was extracted from fecal samples collected from two principal and six neighboring groups. DNA was characterized at twelve microsatellite loci (average: seven alleles/locus). We addressed the following questions: Do all adult males have mating access to the reproductive female of the group? How is paternity distributed across males in a group? Can polyandrous mating lead to multiple paternity? Are nonparental animals more closely related to the breeders than to the population mean? And, are mating partners unrelated? Breeding females mated with all nonrelated males. In at least one group the father of the older offspring did not sire the youngest infant although he was still resident in the group. We also found evidence for multiple paternity in a supposed twin pair. Yet, within each group the majority (67–100%) of infants had the same father, suggesting reproductive skew. Relatedness within groups was generally high (average R 0.31), although both nonrelated males and females occurred, i.e., immigrations of both sexes are possible. Mating partners were never found to be related, hence inbreeding seems to be uncommon. The results suggest that while the social mating system is polyandry, paternity is often monopolized by a single male per group.en
dc.description.sponsorshipDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (HE 1870/10-1,2)en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajpa.20136en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to American Journal of Physical Anthropologyen
dc.rightsAn error occurred on the license name.en
dc.rights.uriAn error occurred getting the license - uri.en
dc.subjectSaguinus mystaxen
dc.subjectPolyandryen
dc.subjectMultiple paternityen
dc.subjectMicrosatellitesen
dc.subjectKinship patternsen
dc.titlePaternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAbteilung für Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum Göttingen, Germany (German Primate Centre)en
dc.contributor.departmentAbteilung für Verhaltensforschung, Universität Bielefeld, Germanyen
dc.contributor.departmentInstitut für Neuro- & Verhaltensbiologie, Abt. Verhaltensbiologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germanyen
dc.contributor.departmentArbeitsgruppe Primatengenetik, Deutsches Primatenzentrum (DPZ), Göttingen, Germanyen
dc.identifier.journalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropologyen
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