Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/552485
Title:
Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model
Authors:
Stupple, Edward J. N. ( 0000-0001-8545-9504 ) ; Ball, Linden J.
Abstract:
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and belief on premise-processing times, whereby belief – logic conflict problems promoted increased latencies relative to non-conflict problems. This finding challenges belief-first and reasoning-first models, but is directly predicted by parallel-process models, which assume that the outputs of simultaneous heuristic and analytic processing streams lead to an awareness of belief – logic conflicts than then require time-consuming resolution.
Affiliation:
University of Derby
Citation:
Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model 2008, 14 (2):168 Thinking & Reasoning
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Journal:
Thinking & Reasoning
Issue Date:
29-Apr-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/552485
DOI:
10.1080/13546780701739782
Additional Links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13546780701739782
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1354-6783; 1464-0708
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorStupple, Edward J. N.en
dc.contributor.authorBall, Linden J.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-07T14:50:26Zen
dc.date.available2015-05-07T14:50:26Zen
dc.date.issued2008-04-29en
dc.identifier.citationBelief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model 2008, 14 (2):168 Thinking & Reasoningen
dc.identifier.issn1354-6783en
dc.identifier.issn1464-0708en
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/13546780701739782en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/552485en
dc.description.abstractAn experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and belief on premise-processing times, whereby belief – logic conflict problems promoted increased latencies relative to non-conflict problems. This finding challenges belief-first and reasoning-first models, but is directly predicted by parallel-process models, which assume that the outputs of simultaneous heuristic and analytic processing streams lead to an awareness of belief – logic conflicts than then require time-consuming resolution.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13546780701739782en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Thinking & Reasoningen_GB
dc.subjectReasoningen
dc.subjectBelief Biasen
dc.subjectDual-processen
dc.subjectCognitionen
dc.titleBelief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process modelen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalThinking & Reasoningen
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