Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/294359
Title:
Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents
Authors:
Brown, Stephen L.; Lipka, Sigrid ( 0000-0002-4685-1324 ) ; Coyne, Sarah M.; Qualter, Pamela; Barlow, Alexandra; Taylor, Paul
Abstract:
Social scripts are commonly shared representations of behavior in social contexts, which are seen to be partly transmitted through social and cultural media. Research suggests that people hold scripts associated with alcohol-related aggression, but, unlike general aggression scripts, there is little evidence of social transmission. To demonstrate social transmission of alcohol-related aggression scripts, learning mechanisms based on personal experience should be minimized. We used a lexical decision task to examine implicit links between alcohol and aggression in alcohol-naïve adolescents who have limited personal or vicarious experience of alcohol-related aggression. One hundred and four 11–14 year old adolescents made lexical decisions on aggressive or nonaggressive words preceded by 40-ms alcohol or nonalcohol word primes. Repeated measures analyses of group data showed that alcohol word primes did not lead to faster responses to aggressive words than to nonaggressive words, nor were responses to aggressive words faster when they were preceded by alcohol word primes than by nonalcohol word primes. However, at an individual level, faster recognition times to the alcohol prime/aggression target word combination predicted aggression on a competitive laboratory task in 14 year olds only. This occurred only when the competitive aggression task was preceded by a visual presentation of alcoholic, but not nonalcoholic beverage, images. We concluded that alcohol-related aggression scripts are not strongly developed in this age group, but individual differences in script strength are linked to alcohol-related laboratory aggression. Aggr. Behav. 37:430–439, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Citation:
Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents 2011, 37 (5):430 Aggressive Behavior
Journal:
Aggressive Behavior
Issue Date:
21-Jun-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/294359
DOI:
10.1002/ab.20400
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.20400
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0096140X
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Psychological Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Stephen L.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLipka, Sigriden_GB
dc.contributor.authorCoyne, Sarah M.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorQualter, Pamelaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarlow, Alexandraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Paulen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-21T12:55:57Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-21T12:55:57Z-
dc.date.issued2013-06-21-
dc.identifier.citationImplicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents 2011, 37 (5):430 Aggressive Behavioren_GB
dc.identifier.issn0096140X-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ab.20400-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/294359-
dc.description.abstractSocial scripts are commonly shared representations of behavior in social contexts, which are seen to be partly transmitted through social and cultural media. Research suggests that people hold scripts associated with alcohol-related aggression, but, unlike general aggression scripts, there is little evidence of social transmission. To demonstrate social transmission of alcohol-related aggression scripts, learning mechanisms based on personal experience should be minimized. We used a lexical decision task to examine implicit links between alcohol and aggression in alcohol-naïve adolescents who have limited personal or vicarious experience of alcohol-related aggression. One hundred and four 11–14 year old adolescents made lexical decisions on aggressive or nonaggressive words preceded by 40-ms alcohol or nonalcohol word primes. Repeated measures analyses of group data showed that alcohol word primes did not lead to faster responses to aggressive words than to nonaggressive words, nor were responses to aggressive words faster when they were preceded by alcohol word primes than by nonalcohol word primes. However, at an individual level, faster recognition times to the alcohol prime/aggression target word combination predicted aggression on a competitive laboratory task in 14 year olds only. This occurred only when the competitive aggression task was preceded by a visual presentation of alcoholic, but not nonalcoholic beverage, images. We concluded that alcohol-related aggression scripts are not strongly developed in this age group, but individual differences in script strength are linked to alcohol-related laboratory aggression. Aggr. Behav. 37:430–439, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.20400en_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Aggressive Behavioren_GB
dc.subjectAlcoholen_GB
dc.subjectAggressionen_GB
dc.subjectSocial scriptsen_GB
dc.subjectImplicit measuresen_GB
dc.titleImplicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescentsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalAggressive Behavioren_GB
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